Also included in this page are guerrilla sketches of what presumably were Japanese positions marked in red in the poblacion of Lipa as well as the Japanese-operated Lipa Airfield near the town of Mataasnakahoy. A legend to interpret the maps is provided at the bottom of this page.
Generally, sketch maps created by guerrilla outfits operating in Batangas aimed at pointing out to American military planners the positions of the Japanese Imperial Army insofar as these were concerned: troop quarters/positions; gasoline and supply dumps; military headquarters and buildings; artillery and anti-aircraft guns; general defenses like barbed wire enclosures and foxhole concentrations; and airfields and other hubs or locations of military transport.
|US Army troops in WWII action in Lipa Batangas. Image credit: US National Archives.|
Transcription of Intelligence Report on Lipa, Batangas
OFFICE OF THE G-2
In the Field
SUMMARY OF INTELLIGENCE REPORTS AS OF
DECEMBER 1, 1944
(2) 20 Jap planes destroyed.
(3) Runway on western side of field.
(4) 3,000 soldiers and workers.
(5) Fires on eastern side.
b. Ammunition depots.
b. Corner of Gen. Malvar & Gat Polintan Streets due southwest.
b. Cemetery in Mataas na Kahoy.
b. Alupay Barrio School.
c. Seminary on the same road.
d. Corner of National Road & Gen. Malvar Street.
2. Barrio Antipolo, 2 kms from the town.
2. Corner of 10 de Julio & Gregorio Aguilar Streets.
3. Corner of road to Rosario and A. Mabini Streets, 2nd house.
2. Soldiers go around the nearby barrios confiscating livestock, etc. without paying.
2. Foxholes & dugouts on the western slope of Anilao Hill.
3. Jap soldiers mixing with the civilian population.
4. Dummy airplanes in the barrio of Bagumbayan.
5. Real airplanes in the coconut groves.
Guerrilla Sketch Maps
Sketch Map of Poblacion Lipa
|Image source: Composite 2nd Regiment, I Corps, PQOG.|
|Image credit: Composite 2nd Regiment, I Corps, PQOG.|
Guerrilla Sketch Map Legend
|PQOG Guerrilla Map Legend.|
Notes and references:
1 From the files of the Composite 2nd Regiment, I Corps, President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas, online at the United States National Archives.