January 15, 2019

Mataasnakahoy:  the Celso Landicho Mayoralty
Poblacion Mataasnakahaoy.
Poblacion Mataasnakahaoy.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Mataasnakahoy Batangas, History of Mataasnakahoy, Ceferino Capuchino, Isagani Laluna, Mayor Celso Landicho, Nangkaan, Lally Laurel Trinidad, Jose B. Laurel]
This installment continues the ongoing series on Batangas History based on the 1998 narrative written by Ceferino Capuchino1. Readers who might have missed the six previous installments may find these archived under the Community History section of the main menu at the top of this page.

Part VII: US Military Operations in Batangas from 1901-02 during the Fil-American War
Image source:  the Greely Collection, United States National Archives.
Image source:  the Greely Collection, United States National Archives.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Philippine American War, United States Army in the Philippines, Lipa City Batangas, Lobo Batangas, Mount Gonzales, Mount Matado, Mount Sungay, San Juan de Bocboc, San Juan Batangas, Batangas City Batangas]
This is the seventh installment of the series in Batangas History that outlines the military operations during the Philippine-American War, particularly from the American point of view. This is because the source document1 was the Annual Report of the United States War Department.

January 11, 2019

When the Municipal Council of Lipa Objected to the Town Becoming a City
Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Lipa City Batangas, Republic Act Number 162 series of 1947, Lipa City Government, Lipa Municipal Council, The Tribune Newspaper Philippines, President Manuel Quezon]
By virtue of Republic Act No. 162 signed into law on 20 June 19471 by then-Philippine President Manuel Roxas, the erstwhile Municipality of Lipa became the Province of Batangas’ first city, 22 years ahead even of the province’s capital city of Batangas2.

January 8, 2019

Badong and the Legend of the House Lizard as used to be Told in Tanauan, Batangas
Image source: Firos AK - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67313145.
Image source: Firos AK - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=67313145.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Batangas beliefs and folklore, Tanauan Batangas, Batangas legends, house lizard, butiki, butiking bahay, common house gecko]
From the “History and Cultural Life of Tanauan, Batangas1,” we get this forgotten legend about your ordinary house lizard, i.e. butiki in Filipino. This document was among those required by the administration of then-President Epidio Quirino in 1951 of all Department of Education districts around the country to research and rebuild local histories that might have been destroyed by the Second World War.

January 7, 2019

The Rescue of White War Refugees from Calatagan, Batangas by US Army Engineers in 1945
Spanish evacuees from Manila welcome American soldiers.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Spanish evacuees from Manila welcome American soldiers.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: World War II Batangas, Calatagan Batangas, Nasugbu Batangas, 592 US Army Engineering Regiment, war stories, civilian refugees World War II]
On the 30th of January 1945, the United States’ Eighth Army landed on the beaches of Nasugbu with the aim of blocking the southern retreat of Japanese Imperial Army troops from Manila and also subsequently liberate southern Luzon, including Batangas, from Japanese occupation. Most of the troops in this group were from the 11th Airborne Division, the exploits of which are serialized in Batangas History1.

December 31, 2018

The Bureau of Education Setup in Batangas in 1906
A school building in Batangas town early during the American colonial era.  Image from the public domain publication "A Tribute of Love to the Memory of Anna \Elizabeth Hahn."
A school building in Batangas town early during the American colonial era.  Image from the public domain publication "A Tribute of Love to the Memory of Anna \Elizabeth Hahn."
[In this article: Batangas Province, education in Batangas, Bureau of Education, American colonial era, policy of benevolent assimilation, farm schools, primary education, intermediate education, secondary education]
The year 1906 was just four years after the end of the Philippine-American War, something brought about for all intents and purposes by the surrender of General Miguel Malvar in April of 1902. But even while the war was raging, the American colonial government had already started to put in place mechanisms that would put into place its policy of “benevolent assimilation,” i.e. one intended “to win the confidence, respect, and affection of the inhabitants of the Philippines by assuring them in every possible way that full measure of individual rights and liberties which is the heritage of free peoples1.”

December 30, 2018

Mataasnakahoy:  on to the Golden Jubilee Year of 1982
Mataasnakahoy poblacion, Christmas 2018.
Mataasnakahoy poblacion, Christmas 2018.
[In this article: Mataasnakahoy Batangas, history of Mataasnakahoy, kasaysayan ng Mataasnakahoy. Ceferino Capuchino, Florencio Landicho, Artemio Landicho, UNIDO Party, Laurels of Batangas, Ferdinand Marcos KBL, Mataasnakahoy 50th Jubilee Celebrations]
We resume our ongoing series on the history of the town of Mataasnakahoy in Batangas based on the 1998 narrative of Ceferino Capuchino1. This is the sixth installment. Readers who missed the earlier articles of the series may find these archived under the Community History section of the main menu at the top of this page.

December 28, 2018

Part VI: US Military Operations in Batangas from 1901-02 during the Fil-American War
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Philippine-American War, Batangas Province, Macabebe Scouts, Batangas City, Tanauan Batangas, Lipa City Batangas, Balete Batangas, Nasubu Batangas, Taal Batangas, Tiaong, Mount Malepunyo, Bauan Batangas, San Juan Batangas, Taysan Batangas]
This article continues with series we have running on Batangas History which details United States Army operations conducted in the Province of Batangas from 1901 to 1902. The details are taken from the annual report of the United States War Department for the fiscal year1.

December 27, 2018

When Alitagtag was a “Resort of Ghosts and Devils,” and the Cross that Purged These
The mysterious cross was used to ward off the fiends of Taal Volcano.
The mysterious cross was used to ward off the fiends of Taal Volcano.
[In this article: Filipino myths, Batangas myths, Batangas folklore, Alitagtag Batangas, Holy Cross, patron of Alitagtag, patron of Bauan, Charles Montgomery Skinner]
Batangas History is committed to seeking out Batangas myths and folklore so these may be republished and, therefore, presented to a contemporary audience in the hope that they will not be completely forgotten, especially by those from or who currently live in the localities where they are set.

1962 Photos of Taal Lake and Surrounding Communities
Caption in The Chronicle Magazine:  "This is Mount San Nicolas on Taal Lake.  Here, man-made corrals abound.  It also offers an inexhaustible supply of fish which is sold in Manila, neighboring towns.
Caption in The Chronicle Magazine:  "This is Mount San Nicolas on Taal Lake.  Here, man-made corrals abound.  It also offers an inexhaustible supply of fish which is sold in Manila, neighboring towns.
The images in this historic collection have been taken from an article in the April 1962 edition of “The Chronicle Magazine1.” They are part of a feature on Taal Volcano and the communities around it entitled “Killer Volcano Now Nurtures Life.” All the photographs in the feature, which are included in this post, were taken by Jose T. del Rosario.

December 25, 2018

24 Superstitions from San Jose, Batangas
Among the beliefs in San Jose was that a pineapple should be planted with one's eyes closed.
Among the beliefs in San Jose was that a pineapple should be planted with one's eyes closed.
[In this article: Batangas Province, San Jose Batangas, Filipino superstitions, superstitious beliefs, historical data]
From the so-called “historical data1” of the town of San Jose in Batangas, we feature these superstitious beliefs, some familiar, some not-so-familiar but all will definitely have the reader scratching his pate and asking the question “why.” Unfortunately, the Eustaquio Ramos who compiled the superstitious beliefs did not explain the reasons for these or the consequences if they were not observed.

December 24, 2018

Focus on Jesus Villamor, the Ace Who Helped Stop a Japanese Bombing Raid on Batangas City
Jesus Villamor in Washington DC with the wives of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Manuel L. Quezon.  Image extracted from a 1944 edition of the Philippine Magazine.
Jesus Villamor in Washington DC with the wives of US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President Manuel L. Quezon.  Image extracted from a 1944 edition of the Philippine Magazine.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Batangas City Batangas, Batangas airfield, Batangas airdrome, Jesus Villamor, World War II Batangas, Filipino flying aces]
Before the Second World War, there was a landing field maintained by the American colonial government in what is now the city of Batangas. The landing field was loosely referred to as the Batangas airfield or the Batangas airdrome. By late 1941, as tensions in the Pacific heated up leading to the outbreak of war in the Far East, the Philippine Army Air Corps (PAAC), the forerunner of the present-day Philippine Air Force1, maintained facilities, including aircraft, at Batangas airfield.