September 19, 2018

The Legend of the Origin of Taal Lake
Taal Lake and the volcano crater island seen from Tagaytay.
Taal Lake and the volcano crater island seen from Tagaytay.
[In this article: Batangas myths and legends, Batangas Province, Taal Lake, Batangas community and folklore]
From the ethnographic collection of American anthropologist Henry Otley-Beyer, Taal Volcano, Taal Volcano eruption1, we extract this legend about the supposed origin of Taal Lake in the province of Batangas as it was told early during the American colonial era in the Philippines. The story was part of a paper submitted to Otley-Beyer in 1931 by one Porfirio D. Andal2 and filed under the category “Lipa, Batangas Province” in the collection.

September 15, 2018

Unlucky 13th Plane Crashes as the 11th Airborne Leaves Lipa for Okinawa in 1945
Troops of the 11th Airborne are seen boarding a transport plane.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Troops of the 11th Airborne are seen boarding a transport plane.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: unlucky 13, 11th Airborne Division, atomic bomb, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Lipa City, Batangas, Lipa airstrip, World War II Batangas, Lipa plane crash]
With the overcome of Japanese defenses at Mount Malepunyo on 30 April 1945, the United States Army, in particular the lead group 11th Airborne Division, for all intents and purposes had liberated the Province of Batangas from Japanese occupation. All that was left for the United States Army in Batangas was to flush out and mop up pockets of Japanese stragglers who managed to escape the last major battles1.

September 12, 2018

The Macabebe Scouts:  American “Attack Dogs” in Batangas during the Fil-Am War
Macabebes who enlisted to fight with the Americcans.  Image source:  Arnaldo Dumindin's Philippine American War 1899-1902.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Macabebes who enlisted to fight with the Americcans.  Image source:  Arnaldo Dumindin's Philippine American War 1899-1902.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Macabebe Scouts, Philippine-American War in Batangas, Alitagtag Batangas, San Luis Batangas, Taysan Batangas, San Pascual Batangas, Balayan Batangas, Ibaan Batangas]
The so-called town and barrio “historical data1” of Batangas are replete with stories of the abuses committed by the so-called Macabebe Scouts, who allied themselves with the United States Army during the Philipppine-American War. Consider the following excerpts:

September 10, 2018

The Oral History of the Sawali Industry of Taal
A typical Filipino home with sawali walls.  Image source:  TagalogLang.com.
[In this article: Sawali, bamboo mat, Taal Batangas, Taal History, traditional Filipino homes, bahay kubo, oral history, Mahabang Lodlod]
For the benefit of non-Filipinos who may stumble upon this article as well younger readers who may not know in this age of concrete-walled houses, the “sawali” is “a coarse twilled matting of flattened bamboo strips used in the Philippines for partitions, walling and baskets1.” It used to be standard material for building homes in the era of the “bahay kubo” or the Filipino nipa houses.

September 7, 2018

The Assassination of the Rosario, Batangas Chief of Police in 1954
The Municipal Hall of Rosario, Batangas.  Image source;  Google Earth Street View.
The Municipal Hall of Rosario, Batangas.  Image source;  Google Earth Street View.
[In this article: Rosario Batangas, Gaudencio Manigbas, Captain Esteban de Guzman, Court of First Instance Batangas, Marcial Macalintal, Tomas Carandang, death penalty Philippines, reclusion perpetua, Supreme Court decisions Batangas]
In the afternoon of 9 July 1954, one Gaudencio Manigbas1 gathered men in the house of a Catalino Ramos in barrio Macalamcam in Rosario, Batangas, to plot the assassination of the town’s then-Chief of Police Captain Esteban de Guzman. At the time, Manigbas was a “confidential agent” – i.e. informant or spy – assisting the Philippine Constabulary (PC) in its campaign against the Hukbalahap2. Manigbas was also a former Chief of Police of Rosario appointed to the position in September 1951 but was replaced in a quo warranto3 case just four months later by the town mayor4.

September 3, 2018

Stories about the Liberation of Batangas City from Japanese Occupation
The 158th Regimental Combat Team advancing towards Batangas town.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
The 158th Regimental Combat Team advancing towards Batangas town.  Image source:  United States National Archives.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: Batangas City Batangas, World War II in Batangas, Liberation of Batangas, Nasugbu landing 1945, PT boats Batangas, US Army Sub-base R, Batangas airfield, Lipa airstrip]
From the so-called “historical data” of Batangas City1 – documents required by the national government in 1951 of Department of Education districts around the country to reconstruct local histories because of destruction caused by World War II – we get these otherwise forgotten stories set in the then-town of Batangas at around the time of the liberation of the province from Japanese occupation.

August 30, 2018

A Tale of Love, Lust and Sex in 1903 Tanauan, Lipa and San Juan, Batangas
Image property of Batangas History.
Image property of Batangas History.
[Topics in this article: Supreme Court cases, Tanauan Batangas, Lipa Batangas, San Juan Batangas, San Juan de Bocboc, Philippine Penal Code]
From the annals of the Supreme Court of the Philippines1, we get a fascinating story of love, lust, sex and family intrigue in Batangas early during the American colonial period. The story was set initially in the then-town of Tanauan in 1903; and involved a young man from San Juan de Bocboc and a woman from Tanauan.

August 27, 2018

Old Courtship, Marriage and Birth Traditions in Taal, Batangas
Crowds assembled in front of the Taal Basilica during the American colonial era.  Image source:  Luther Parker Collection.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Crowds assembled in front of the Taal Basilica during the American colonial era.  Image source:  Luther Parker Collection.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: Taal Batangas, Batangas Beliefs, Batangas Traditions, Beliefs in Taal, traditional courtship, marriage customs Taal Batangas, beliefs about birth Batangas]
From the so-called historical data on the town of Taal in Batangas1, we get these old traditions pertaining to courtship, marriage and birth. The “historical data” pertains to documents required of all Department of Education districts around the country by the administration of then-President Elpidio Quirino to reconstruct local histories after destruction brought on by World War II.

August 26, 2018

The 11th Airborne Earns Rest in Lipa after Liberation of Batangas in 1945
Replacement troops learned to parachute in a school in Lipa.  Image source:  US National Archives. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Replacement troops learned to parachute in a school in Lipa.  Image source:  US National Archives. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: 11th Airborne Division US Army, Lipa Batangas, US Army bivouac in Lipa, Mataasnakahoy Batangas, USO in Lipa, Colonel Masatoshi Fujishige, Battle of Mount Malepunyo, General Joseph Stillwell, Aparri drop]
On the last day of April 1945, the United States Army’s 11th Airborne Division – whose exploits are serialized in Batangas History – had successfully overcome the last Japanese defenses at the Malepunyo mountain range just east of the town of Lipa. This effectively ended the Japanese occupation of the Province of Batangas, and some 2,000 Japanese soldiers who somehow survived the battle managed to slip through American patrols to go into hiding in the upper slopes of Mount Banahao under Colonel Masatoshi Fujishige1.

August 24, 2018

The Roundup of Katipunan Sympathizers and Two Other Stories set in Batangas Town in the Late 19th Century
Image credit:  Sandra Plummer Collection at the Fort Worth Library's Digital Archive. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image credit:  Sandra Plummer Collection at the Fort Worth Library's Digital Archive. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: Spanish colonial era Philippines, Batangas in the Spanish colonial period, Batangas town, Batangas City Batangas, General Brigido Buenafe, Emilio Aguinaldo, Manuel Sapata, Fernando Po Island]
From the so-called “Historical Data1” for Batangas City that was researched, written and submitted in the early 1950s by the Department of Education District of Batangas as required by the administration of President Elpidio Quirino, we get accounts of three different events that supposedly happened in the then-town of Batangas late in the 19th century.

August 23, 2018

Olgado vs Catigbac:  Resolving the Conflict for the Presidency of Lipa in 1910
Image source:  The Luther Parker Collection at the NLP Digital Collections.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  The Luther Parker Collection at the NLP Digital Collections.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: Supreme Court Decision Philippines, American colonial era, Municipal President, Philippine politics, Lipa City Batangas]
From a Supreme Court en banc decision dated 22 March 19101, we get this story of a duly elected public official in the then–town of Lipa who was stripped of his office on the basis of a technicality. That official was one Teodoro Olgado, elected to the post of Municipal President in 1907. This was an elective position in the Philippines “under the Spanish and American colonization2” and is comparable to the present day town or city mayor.

August 20, 2018

Company G of the USV 28th Infantry and the Capture of Pablo Borbon in 1900
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Topics in this article: United States Volunteers, 28th Infantry Regiment, Philippine-American War in Batangas, Pablo Borbon, Nasugbu Batangas, Balayan Batangas, Lian Batangas, Tuy Batangas]
This article continues the series running on Batangas History about the exploits of the 28th Infantry Regiment of the United States Volunteers1, assigned to different towns of Batangas in 1900 during the Philippine-American War. We skip the story of Company F whose logs were short and uninformative and move on instead with Company G.