July 14, 2018

More Superstitious Beliefs in San Jose, Batangas in 1925
The church in San Jose, Batangas in 1911.  Image source:  The Luther Parker Collection at the National Library of the Philippines.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
The church in San Jose, Batangas in 1911.  Image source:  The Luther Parker Collection at the National Library of the Philippines.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Keywords: San Jose Batangas, Superstition, Superstitious Beliefs in Batangas, Henry Otley–Beyer]
From one Agapito H. Mendoza, we get a second set of superstitious beliefs in the town of San Jose, Batangas in the year 1925. The beliefs are contained in a paper1 written by Mendoza, the second to be featured in this web site, which is archived at the Digital Collections of the National Library of the Philippines.

July 12, 2018

Two Tagaytay–Batangas Shortcut Roads Built by US Army Engineers in 1945
The Talisay to Tagaytay road in 1945.  Image source:  The Angels: A History of the 11th Airborne Division 1943-1946.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
The Talisay to Tagaytay road in 1945.  Image source:  The Angels: A History of the 11th Airborne Division 1943-1946.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Keywords: US Army Corps of Engineers, World War II, Tagaytay to Lemery Road, Tagaytay to Talisay Road]
As the liberation of the Province of Batangas by the United States Army from Japanese occupation went into full swing early in 1945, the United States Army employed a two–pronged pincer attack from the town of Nasugbu where its troops had landed on the last day of January. One arm of the pincer swung south through Tuy, Balayan and Lemery before heading south to the Calumpang Peninsula and Batangas Bay. The other headed west through Tagaytay then south to Tanauan through Talisay.

July 10, 2018

The State of the Pottery Industry in Pallocan, Batangas in 1917
An assortment of pottery products.
An assortment of pottery products.
[Keywords: Henry Otley–Beyer Collection, Philippine pottery, Batangas–pottery, pot–making in Batangas, Barrio Pallocan]
A 1917 ethnographic paper1 written by one Aurelio P. Arguelles gave an honest if not very flattering assessment of the state of the pottery industry in the barrio of Palyocan (Arguelles’ spelling) in the then–town of Batangas. Although pottery–making had been practiced for “many years,” Arguelles wrote, the end products did not “compare favorably with those made elsewhere.”

July 6, 2018

The American Capture of Santo Tomas and Filipino Retreat to Talisay, January 1900
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[Keywords: Philippine–American War, General Elwell Stephen Otis, General Thomas Henry Barry, General John C. Bates, Santo Tomas, Lipa, Talisay, Colonel Robert Bullard]
From a series of telegraph communications between United States Army officers in the field and their commanding generals, published in the 1900 report1 of General Elwell Stephen Otis, Military Governor of the Philippines, we are able to piece together the fighting that went on in the town of Santo Tomas, Batangas in January of 1900.

July 4, 2018

Reports on Taal, Bauan, Batangas, San Jose, Lipa, Ibaan and Tanauan from an 1845 Augustinian Document
Sketch of Taal Lake and Volcano as seen from Talisay, c. 1859.
Sketch of Taal Lake and Volcano as seen from Talisay, c. 1859.
[Keywords: Taal, Bauan, Batangas, San Jose, Lipa, Ibaan Tanauan, Mapas General, Agustinos Calzados]
An 1845 edition of the periodic report1 of the Order of the Agustinos Calzados – “calzados” meaning shodden or wearing shoes, to distinguish this order from another Augustinian group operating in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era, the “descalzados” or barefoot – provides brief descriptions of the towns in Batangas administered by priests of the order.

June 29, 2018

The Role of the US Army 158th RCT in the Liberation of Batangas in 1945
Infantry troops of Company K, 3rd Battalion, 158th Regimental Combat Team, move along the road near Batangas Bay, Luzon, P.I. Taken 12 March 1945.
Infantry troops of Company K, 3rd Battalion, 158th Regimental Combat Team, move along the road near Batangas Bay, Luzon, P.I. Taken 12 March 1945.
[Keywords: 158th Regimental Combat Team, Bushmasters, United States 6th Army, United States 8th Army, World War II Liberation of Batangas, Batangas town, Lemery, Cuenca, Maculot, Balayan, Bauan]
On 9 January 1945, the United States 6th Army landed its forces on the beaches of Lingayen in Pangasinan to commence the liberation of Luzon from Japanese occupation. From there, the forces would mop up northern Luzon of Japanese positions and race south to liberate the capital city of Manila. At the end of the same month, the United States 8th Army landed on the beaches at Nasugbu in Batangas with the mission of blocking Japanese troops escaping south and, if viable, supporting the American offensive from the north.

June 26, 2018

The Legend of the King of Taal Volcano
"Illanoan Pirates, c. 1800s." Image source:  Wikiwand.
"Illanoan Pirates, c. 1800s." Image source:  Wikiwand.
[Keywords: Legends of Batangas, Legend of Don Pablo, Henry Otley-Beyer Collection, King of Taal Volcano]
From a 1916 paper written by one Leon Bibiano Meer, we get this all but forgotten Batangueño legend that most readers in most likelihood never heard of. The paper is entitled “Legends among the People of Batangas1” and is part of the Henry Otley-Beyer Ethnographic Collection.

June 25, 2018

Releasing a Batangas-convicted Hukbalahap from Prison 1948
Image source:  CNN Philippines.
Image source:  CNN Philippines.
[Keywords: Hukbalahap, Batangas Court of First Instance, Supreme Court of the Philippines, Ramon Diokno, Jose W. Diokno, Proclamation No. 76, s. 1948]
On 11 May 1948, the Batangas Court of First Instance found one Cresencio Ruben Tolentino, an officer of the Hukbalahap movement, guilty of the crime of illegal assembly1. The term “Hukbalahap” was short for “Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon” (National Army Against the Japanese), originally formed as a guerrilla force to fight against the Japanese in World War II but, being of a communist inclination, became a rebel group against the Philippine government after the war2.

June 21, 2018

Methods of Catching Fish in Balayan, Batangas in 1916
Fishermen in Batangas.  Image source:  Vicky So on Flickr
Fishermen in Batangas.  Image source:  Vicky So on Flickr.
[Keywords: Balayan Batangas, fishing materials, fishing methods, saltwater fishing, freshwater fishing, American colonial era]
A 1916 paper entitled “The Fishing Industry of Balayan1,” written by one Lorenzo Protonel, enumerates and describes methods with which inhabitants of the town harvested the bounty from the sea and waterways. The paper is part of the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections’ Henry Otley-Beyer Collection.

June 18, 2018

Galicano Apacible’s Heartfelt Letter “To the American People” in 1900
Image sources:  Galicano Apacible (inset) from the Kahimyang Project.  Filipino "insurrectos" surrendering from the United States National Archives.
Image sources:  Galicano Apacible (inset) from the Kahimyang Project.  Filipino "insurrectos" surrendering from the United States National Archives.
Balayan-born Galicano Apacible, a doctor by profession1, was a 19th century Batangueño who was among the prominent figures of the underground nationalist movement that would ultimately lead to the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution in 1896.

June 15, 2018

The Tennis-like Mayoralty Election in Lipa, Batangas in 1937
The San Sebastian Cathedral during the American colonial period.  From the Luther Parker Collection of the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
The San Sebastian Cathedral during the American colonial period.  From the Luther Parker Collection of the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
[Lipa Batangas, mayoralty election 1937, Supreme Court decisions, Claro M. Recto, Jose P. Laurel Jr.]
Through a Supreme Court en banc decision dated 2 December 19391, we learn of a mayoralty race in the then-municipality of Lipa in 1937 that went on as though it was a tennis match. The petitioner was one Pablo L. Torres and named respondent was one Esteban Mayo. The two contested the election for the Office of the Mayor for Lipa that was held on 14 December 1937.

June 13, 2018

US Army Surprises Japanese at Palico, Nasugbu in 1945, Bluff Its Way up to Tagaytay
A photo of the Palico Bridge in Nasugbu soon after the landing of troops at the beaches in 1945.  Image source:  "The Angels:  History of the 11th Airborne Division 1943-1946."
A photo of the Palico Bridge in Nasugbu soon after the landing of troops at the beaches in 1945.  Image source:  "The Angels:  History of the 11th Airborne Division 1943-1946."
[Keywords: Nasugbu Landing, Palico Nasugbu, Palico Bridge, Tagaytay Ridge, Japanese soldiers WW2, US 8th Army]
On 31 January 1945, forces of the United States 8th Army landed on the beaches of Nasugbu. The purpose of the landing was twofold. Primarily, these troops were meant to block the retreat of Japanese troops forced south by the advance of the United States 6th Army from the north. If viable, the forces could also drive north in support of the 6th Army1.