Batangas was the first place in Luzon that the Spaniards explored in 1570 when Miguel López de Legazpi sent Martin de Goite and Juan de Salcedo to explore the island from their foothold in the Visayas. It is hardly surprising, therefore, that many of the country’s oldest colonial towns were established over territory that would eventually become the Province of Batangas.
In this article, we list nine of the oldest towns and cities based on their foundation as Spanish colonial settlements and as could be determined by documents. Only those founded in the eighteenth century or earlier are listed, since those founded later are, therefore, relatively recent.
1580 BATANGAS CITY
1584 TANAUAN CITY
1605 LIPA CITY
1666 SANTO TOMAS
1687 ROSARIO (Unconfirmed)
1765 SAN JOSE
Notes and references:1 “History and Culture,” online at Taal Heritage Town.
2 “History of Balayan,” online at the Bayan ng Balayan official web site.
3 “Memoria acerca de las Misiones de los PP. Agustinos Calzados en las Islas Filipinas: presentada al Excmo. Sr. Ministro de Ultramar,” Madrid 1892.
4 “Tanauan, Batangas,” Wikipedia.
5 “History,” online at City of Lipa Official Web Site.
6 Municipality of Bauan Official web site.
7 “History,” online at the Municipality of Santo Tomas, Wordpress.
8 “Rosario, Batangas,” Wikipedia.
9 “San Jose, Batangas,” Wikipedia.