Historic Pictures Related to the Violent 1911 Eruption of Taal Volcano - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

Historic Pictures Related to the Violent 1911 Eruption of Taal Volcano

The pictures in this collection are from the 1912 compilation of The National Geographic Magazine1, showing pictures related to the 1911 eruption of Taal Volcano. This eruption was one of the most violent on record, killing more than a thousand people, mostly inhabitants of the Main Crater Island and other nearby lakeside communities. Captions are provided below each picture as published in the magazine.

Some of the pictures graphically portray the violent aftermath of the eruption, as indeed it was so sudden people directly affected had no time to evacuate. The reader’s discretion is advised.

Taal Volcano with smoke
Distant view of Taal Volcano from the southwest:  Bombon Lake, sometimes called Taal Lake, in the foreground.

Binintiang Malaki
A peaceful neighbor of Mount Taal, Binintiang Malaqui.  This crater,  at the extreme northwestern extremity of Volcano Island, "burst forth with a tremendous display of thunder and lightning" in 1707, but it has been quiet ever since.

Inside Taal Volcano Crater
The zigzag path leading into the main crater of Taal Volcano.

Smoke billowing from Taal Volcano
Taal Volcano from Bombon Lake the day before the great eruption.  After taking this photograph, notwithstanding the fury of elements depicted in the illustration, Mr. Martin proceeded to the brink of the volcano to photograph it at close range.

Dead people after the 1911 Taal Volcano eruption
Death and destruction.  Scene on Volcano Island, January 31, 1911,  the day after the great eruption.

Destroyed houses after the 1911 Taal eruption
The remnants of the village of Subic, in the zone of partial destruction.  The chief damage in this village was caused by a great wave which swept inland from Bombon Lake.

Ruins at Bosoboso.
Ruins at Bosoboso.

Island of ashes
Grave in which were buried 131 victims of the eruption.  Note how the trees have been devastated.

Dead trees on Volcano Island
Part of the Volcano Island submerged during the eruption.

People killed by 1911 eruption
Some of the dead in the village of Bignay, smothered as they slept and buried in the ruins of their fallen houses.

Village of Pirapiraso after the 1911 Taal eruption
Site of the village of Pirapiraso, on Volcano Island, in the zone of complete destruction.  Not a living thing escaped in this village.  It was devastated by a blast from the volcano, and its ruins were then swept into the lake by the receding of a wave which was caused by the blast or by seismic action.

Ground fissures in Lemery after the 1911 eruption
The earthquakes which occurred during the eruption cracked the ground as far away as Lemery, where this photograph was taken.

Caysasay Church after the 1911 Taal eruption
Caysasay Church, in the town of Taal, showing damage caused by earthquakes during the recent eruption.

Notes and references:
1The National Geographic Magazine: an Illustrated Monthly, Volume 23,” published 1912 in the United States of America.

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