Balayan, Batangas: Historical Data Part 1 - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore Balayan, Batangas: Historical Data Part 1 - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

Balayan, Batangas: Historical Data Part 1



Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the Municipality of Balayan, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.

[Cover page.]

Historical Data

Division of Balayan





This work is in compliance with the desire of his Excellency, President Elpidio Quirino, as expressed in his Executive Order No. 486, dated December 7, 1951, Re – PROVIDING FOR THE COLLECTION AND COMPILATION OF HISTORICAL DATA REGARDING BARRIOS, TOWNS, CITIES, AND PROVINCES.

This brief work in some way answers the President’s wish “for our advancement that such data be re-gathered and brought up to date from time to time, to serve as a source of inspiration and guidance for our future generations, as well as a source of materials for historians, investigators, and researchers” and that this work is urgently necessary because “the manuscripts, books and other publications forming the collections of the National Library were almost entirely destroyed during the battle for the liberation of the City of Manila from the Japanese; and that, among the documents destroyed were those manuscripts containing important data relating to the history and culture of our barrios, towns, cities, and provinces – manuscripts which were collected and preserved by virtue of Executive Orders Os. 2 and 136, dated January 26, 1911, and January 3, 1939, respectively.”

Although this work is not expansive enough as desired, this nevertheless may become a living testimony of the efforts exerted by the teachers in the municipality of Balayan in spite of the meager source or sources of information available as most records,

[Introduction p. 2]

official or not, had also been destroyed during the war or neglected by their owners and keepers to rot and waste under the influence of time and nature’s destructive agents.

To the few living old men of Balayan who made [the] most of this work available, Mr. Ceferino C. Deguito, local historian, researcher, philatelist, archeologist, novelist, and dramatist; Mr. Troadio Frontera, who gave some of his valuable recollections of the data contained in this report; Mr. Casiano T. Calalang, the tireless director of the Balayan Institute, writer of note in English and [the] National Language; the Lopez family, the town’s keeper of important books, documents, and historical data; the old men of the different barrios of Balayan – we owe them so much for their kindness and their cooperation for the happy completion of this brief and humble historical treatise on the municipality of Balayan. The committee, therefore, acknowledges their sincere effort to cooperate in the direction of accomplishing its objective as set forth in Executive Order No. 7, dated December 7, 1951, and General Office Memorandum No. 34, s. 1952, dated April 28, 1952.


1. Mr. Narciso A. Zarraga
2. Mrs. Juliana E. Ocson
3. Mr. Juan Bendicio
4. Mr. Lorenzo Lainez
5. Mr. Francisco Hernandez
6. Mr. Romualdo Cortez
7. Miss Ceferina C. Martinez
8. Miss Alaida C. Esguerra
9. Mr. Florencio Hernandez

[p. 1]


One of the progressive towns of Batangas is a place in the western part of this province. “Balayan” is the present artificial name of this town. In the early days, from 1570 to 1677, the former name of this municipality was “Kumintang.” “Kumintang” was a song, only heard then, at the time in this part of the country and derived or named after Datu Kumintang who was then the ruler at that period.

Three years later, in 1590, Kumintang was changed to another name, “Balayihan,” a tongue-twisted word which was straightened into its present form – Balayan by the first Jesuit historian, named Chirino, which meant a place where [a] marriage ceremony was performed.

Not until 1578, although previously given already such name was the official establishment of Balayan made.

Pigafetta, in his voyage with Magellan, mentioned Balayan as an old thriving village long before Christianity had been established on its shore. As the founders of Balayan could never be ascertained as to who they were, the then Datu Kumintang and his elders who came over to the Philippines from Brunei as early as 1894 were the supposed founders. This datu was a grandson of one of those early datus of Brunei.

Charrito – Phil. Magazine, Feb. 1930
Official Establishment – Phil. Magazine, June, 1927

Prominent persons of notable families at the time held leading official positions in the town of Balayan which were as follows:

During the Spanish regime:

Alcalde Mayor Inclusive Dates
1.  Juan Deseala - 1696-1706
2.  Andres Mercado - 1706-1718
3.  Miguel Villareal - 1718-1730
4.  Mariano P. de Tejada - 1730-1737
5.  Pedro Calderon - 1737-1740
6.  Manuel de Luna - 1740-1742
7.  Pedro Jacinto - 1742-1750
8.  Francisco Gonzales - 1750-1758

After the reign of the Alcaldes Mayores, the Capitan Municipal took over the reins of the government which are enumerated in chronological order. They were as follows:

Capitan MunicipalInclusive Dates
1. Juan Antonio-1758-1759
2. Lucas Punzulan (Punzalan?)-1759-1760
3. Fulgencio San Vicente-1760-1761
4. Juan Castelo-1761-1762
5. Ignacio Punongbayan-1762-1763
6. Manuel Gamez -1763-1764
7. Francisco Magbayan-1754-1765
8. Juan Robles-1765-1766

[p. 2]

Capitan MunicipalInclusive Dates
9.Gabriel Dimapasukan-1766-1767
10. Juan T. Mendoza-1767-1768
11. Miguel Mercado-1768-1769
12. Silvestre Maningat-1769-1770
13. Jose Feliciano-1770-1771
14. Juan F. Macalalad-1771-1772
15. Ignacio de la Cruz-1772-1773
16. Jose Valdez-1773-1774
17. Cipriano T. Gamez-1774-1775
18. Felipe de San Nicolas-1775-1776
19. Toribio de Mendoza-1776-1777
20. Alejo de la Cruz-1777-1778
21. Ignacio L. Garcia-1778-1779
22. Simon Macalalad-1779-1780
23. Angel G. Antonio-1780-1781
24. Jose de la Cruz-1781-1782
25. Pedro Maranan-1782-1783
26. Santiago Rafael-1783-1784
27. Santiago de los Santos-1784-1785
28. Bartolome de la Cruz-1785-1786
29. Juan J. de Mendoza-1796-1787
30. Anastacio de la Cruz-1787-1788
31. Gervacio Macalindong-1788-1789
32. Mamerto Mendoza-1789-1790
33. Patricio Mendoza-1790-1791
34. Eduardo Aquino-1791-1792
35. Esteban Mendoza-1792-1793
36. Victor Castelo-1794-1795
37. Bernardo Punongbayan-1795-1796
38. Mariano del Pilar-1796-1797
39. Francisco Severino-1797-1798
40. Lucio de la Cruz-1798-1799
41. Fernando Buhay-1799-1800
42. Anastacio de la Cruz-1800-1801
43. Manuel Gamez-1801-1802
44. Vicente Gamez-1802-1803
45. Agustin Castelo-1803-1804
46. Lino Valdez-1804-1805
47. Jacinto Mariano-1805-1806
48. Pedro Mendoza-1806-1807
49. Agustin Castelo-1807-1808
50. Doroteo Buhay-1808-1809
51. Nicolas G. de los Santos-1809-1810
52. Esteban de Mendoza-1810-1811
53. Pantaleon de los Santos-1811-1812
54. Inocencio Perez-1812-1813
55. Norberto Gamez-1813-1814\
56. Jacinto Raymundo-1814-1815
57. Luis Antonio-1815-1816
58. Rufino Punongbayan-1816-1817
59. Mariano de los Santos-1817-1818
60. Vicente Mercado-1818-1819
61. Sotero Felicano-1819-1820
62. Mariano de la Cruz-1820-1821

[p. 3]

Aside from the Alcaldes Mayores and the Capitan Municipal as running the Balayan government, the town also had the priests (Cura Parroco) who made possible the spread of Christianity in the community. They are enumerated in order with the dates of their tenure in office.

Cura ParoccoTenure of Office
1. Julian de Llamas-1712
2. Jose Ballecao-1712-1725
3. Tomas Adriano-1725-1728
4. Francisco J. de Abalo-1728-1752
5. Alejandro Meynari-1752-1756
6. Ignacio Monroy-1756
7. Mariano Lopez Perez-1756-1768
8. Juan de Ayala-1768-1794
9. Nicolas de los Reyes-1794-1807
10. Gavino Severino-1807-1823
11. Antonio de Cosme-1823-1827
12. Julian Chavez-1827-1868
13. Gavino de los Reyes-1868-1877
14. Lucio Manabit-1877
15. Gervacio Borguerra-1777-1894
16. Beningno Gamez-1894-1916

In addition to these priests, the town had also these maestros municipal who were:

1. Sinforoso Lamano
2. Gervacio de Jesus
3. Cleotilde Jimenes

Immediately after the Spanish regime, the American rule got under way. During this new regime, prominent statesmen of Balayan took hold of the presidency who were then elected by the majority vote. Here they are arranged in the order of their incumbency:

PresidentTenure of Office
1. Felix Unson-1901
2. Manuel Ramirez Abaka-1901
3. Julian Afable-1901-1903
4. Bonifacio Javier-1903-1904
5. Felix Unson-1904-1905
6. Cipriano Lopez-1906-1907
7. Severino Caoibes-1907-1908
8. Francisco A. Martinez-1910-1912
9. Vicente Novales-1912-1915
10. Mariano A. Martinez-\1915-1916
11. Catalino Roxas-1916
12. Gaudencio Ferrer-1916
13. Mario D. Ramos-1916-1919
14. Ignacio Lainez-1919-1923
15. Pedro Ramirez-1923-1925
16. Castor Ocson-1925
17. Vicente Galvez-1925-1931
18. Eliseo Buhay-1931-1934
19. Pio Martinez-1935-1938
20. Nemesio Maningat-1939-1941

[p. 4]


1. Mariano Martinez8. Manuel Apacible
2. Gaudencio Ferrer9. Nemesio Maningat
3. Matias Caoibes10. Benigno Torres
4. Jose Arriola11. Gregogio Balacaña
5. Mario Ramos12. Gregorio Lainez
6. Domingo Gatpandan13. Geronimo Creag
7. Pedro Ramirez14. Felicisimo Buhay
15. Vicente Galvez

Each term had its own president, vice-president, secretary, treasurer, justice of the peace, chief of police, and several policemen, and many councilors.


1. Ruperto Cudiamat8. Casimiro Abellar
2. Vicente Paz 9. Jose Buhay
3. Ricardo Aesquivel 10. Sofronio Garcia
4. Ignacio Lainez 11. Potenciano Noblejas
5. Manuel Apacible 12. Manuel Ramirez
6. Lorenzo Ermita 13. Ramon Ramirez
7. Eufracio Cudiamat14. Modesto Novales


1. Lorenzo Ermita 4. Estanislao Villena
2. Jose Jardin 5. Emilio Limjoco
3. Zacarias Maullon 6. Alejandro Lacsamana

Justice of the Peace

1. Juliano Calzado7. Marciano Atienza
2. Pio Martinez8. Fernando Barrion
3. Ruperto Cudiamat9. _____________ Madlangbayan
4. Francisco Macalaguim10. Lorenzo Brotonel
5. Victor Macalingcag11. Ceferino Inciong
6. Augusto Amurao

Chief of Police

1 Felix Garcia5 Timoteo Cabrera
2 Mariano Ramos6 Conrado Ramos
3 Francisco Garcia7 Marcial Ramos
4 Alfonso Panganiban


1. Gaudencio Ferrer21. Ignacio Lainez
2. Catalino Roxas22. Bonifacio Lainez
3. Geronimo Ramos23. Natalio Lopez
4. Cipriano Ramos24. Telesforo Chuidian
5. Cipriano Lopez25. Pedro Ascue
6. Eufracio Cudiamat26. Francisco Martinez
7. Bernardino B. Alvarez27. Pio Martinez
8. Martiniano Bandual28. Nemesio Maningat
9. Apolonio Bahia29. Troadio Frontera
10. Casto Ramos30. Sotero Cudiamat
11. Eliseo Buhay31. Vicente Galvez
12. Mario Ramos32. Amado Buhay
13. Mariano Ramos Joya33. Florentino Valeros
14. Jose Arriola34. Castor Ocson
15. Matias Caoibes35. Fermin Calzado

[p. 5]

16. Florentino Caoibes36. Manual Maglunog
17. Sebastian Marella37. Pedro N. Ocson
18. Jose S. Lopez38. Lorenzo Punzalan
19. Leon Martinez39. Gregorio Lainez
20. Marcelo Ermita40. Jose A. Caoibes

At the outbreak of the Second World War on December 8, 1941, the Japanese landed on our shores and a government was established by them. These officials were no longer elected by the people but were appointed. The alcalde, vice alcalde, chief of police, and justice of the peace were appointed by the Japanese Army. These appointed officials were:


1. Nemesio Maningat
2. Julian Justiniano


1. None


1. Leodivino Buhay
2. Conrado Ramos
3. Alejandro Lacsamana


1. Alejandro Lacsamana
2. Daniel Pastor
3. Gregorio Sarsoso

Chief of Police

1. Francisco Garcia
2. Jose Paytaren
3. Conrado Ramos

Justice of the Peace

1. Gregorio Aquitania

On July 4, 1946, the Republic of the Philippines was inaugurated under the presidency of the late Honorable Manuel Roxas. Alcaldes of the towns were called mayors since then. The following are the municipal officials of Balayan:

1. Nemesio Maningat1. Antonio de Castro
2. Sergio Aliño2. Felicisimo Buhay
3. Rufino B. Lainez
4. Modesto Novales
1. Manuel Ramirez1. Aurelio Beron
2. Ramon Ramirez2. Agaton Salazar
3. Erlinda Cudiamat

[p. 6]

Chief of PoliceJustice of the Peace
1. Gregorio Arcalas1. Lorenzo Brotonel
2. Julian Tesorero2. Mariano de Leon
3. Felix Vidal3. Lorenzo Aguila


1. Pedro N. Ocson1. Pablo L. Solis
2. Ireno Sison2. Norberto Maglunog
3. Sofronio Garcia3. Baltazar Magsino
4. Benigno Torres4. Pedro N. Ocson
5. Florentino Maningat5. Pedro de Castro
6. Vicente Solis6. Felix Magahis
7. Timoteo Hernandez7. Troadio Frontera
8. Vicente Daigdigan
9. Luis T. Ramos
10. Benigno Torres

1952 to date Councilors

1. Luis T. Ramos5. Pedro Castillo
2. Vicente Daigdigan6. Sofronio Gutierrez
3. Mariano Rodica7. Concepcion G. Inciong
4. Pedro de Castro8. Alfredo Solis

Balayan has some historical sites like Bombon, Dam Ballelos and old ruins like the town church which is a reminiscence of Spanish structures.

Bombon, which is located in the southeastern part of the poblacion and along the coast of Balayan Bay is worth remembering because it was the first place where the Moros from the Visayas landed when they came to this town. These Moros were led by Datu Puti.

Dam Ballelos, which is the name of one of the streets in the poblacion, got its name in memory of a man, Damaso Ballelos, who fought bravely and was killed by the Americans.

The church, which is in the northwestern part of the poblacion, was wholly built through the forced labor known as Labor Tax during the Spanish regime. The people being poor could not pay their taxes in cash and they were made to work for fifteen days every year.

In addition to the above historical ruins and sitios important facts, incidents and events also took place during the Spanish rule, likewise with the American rule.

During the Japanese regime, 1941-1945, very few people from the poblacion were killed by the Japanese. Among those who were killed were Dr. Rodolfo Bahia, Mr. Amador Deguito, Mr. Lorenzo Galvez, Mr. Luis de Guzman, Mr. Federico Gaa, and Mr. Damaso Maningat. No houses were burned in the poblacion except Mr. Jose Lopez Manzano’s home in Gumamela, about several hundred meters from the poblacion. The Japanese soldiers went from house to house to get whatever they wanted especially rice, clothing, and many other things. They also got working animals, like carabaos, cows, and horses. They also got calesas, carts, and also trucks and automobiles and used them in carrying war implements and other things in their travels.

[p. 7]

The first Japanese soldiers came to this town in 1942. Very few people stayed in the poblacion because most of them went to far away barrios to live temporarily. The Japanese civilians established an association called the Dai Nippon. They compelled the farmers of the locality and the neighboring barrios to plant cotton instead of sugar, rice, and other crops. These Japanese soldiers did not stay long in the poblacion. In 1944, [a] great number of Japanese soldiers came to this place. They were so many that they occupied the two large school buildings and many large houses in the poblacion. Some of the people who hated the Japanese because of their abuses formed a secret move known as Guerrilla Organizations. When the Japanese learned this movement, they caught and tortured those who were reported to them as guerrilleros. Among those who were killed were Dr. Rodolfo Bahia, Mr. Amador Deguito, and Mr. Lorenzo Galvez.

Very few classes were opened in the public schools during this time. Many children would not attend the classes because they were afraid of the Japanese and many others were in the far away barrios. The textbooks that were used were the same textbooks used before the war. They only told the teachers to cut or cover the back parts that were pertaining to American and Filipino heroes and patriots. All the Japanese, both soldiers and civilians, went away from this place sometime in December, 1944. The American soldiers who landed in Nasugbu in January, 1945 arrived here in March of the same year. They stayed in this place for about three weeks to liberate the town.

Following World War II, the following accomplishments were made in the poblacion:

1. Construction of the municipal building during the administration of Mayor Rufino Lainez, 1948-1951.
2. Construction of the public market during the administration of Mayor Lainez, 1948-1951 and the present administration of Mayor Modesto Novales, 1952-1954.
3. The reparation of Plaza Mabini under the administration of Mayor Rufino B. Lainez.
4. The reparation of streets and bridges in the poblacion under the administration of Mayor Modesto Novales.
5. The construction of a 6-room PTA school building in 1952 with the help of the Parents-Teachers Association in which Mr. Ceferino Deguito is the president for two consecutive terms 1952 and 1953.


Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of the Municipality of Balayan,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
Next Post Previous Post