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January 1, 2018

Lagnas, Balayan, Batangas: Historical Data

Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Lagnas, Balayan, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.

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HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF LAGNAS

Lagnas is a barrio located south of Dilao and north of Canda. History jots down no records of origin as well as its inhabitants. However, old folks claim that the said barrio has been existing since long ago with very few houses. But according to my observation, this name was named Lagnas because of the many pits or ravines that could be found in this place, due to the continuous erosion of the soil especially during the rainy season.

It is composed of two sitios, namely: Cagayan and Malalay. Cagayan was named after a Moro bandit who hid in that place during the Spanish time, from Cagayan de Oro. People were afraid to go out to that place fearing that they might be killed by this moro bandit. But he did not stay long and he died. The people were very glad when they heard that this man had vanished. Since that time, that place was called Cagayan, derived from the name of the hometown of the moro bandit.

Other information regarding traditions, customs and beliefs is the same as Dilao, for they are neighboring barrios.

The following are considered the first inhabitants of the place.

1. Cabeza Domingo Adove, Vicente Castromero, Cabeza Francisco popularly known and called as Cabezang “Ariko.”

When the Spaniards came, those cabezas were changed to Tenientes.

1. Teniente Apolonio Cunamay
2. Teniente Pedro Socorro

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3. Teniente Jil Rodriguez
4. Teniente Adriano Lopez
5. Teniente Fabian Lopez

Superstitions:

A. A conceiving woman who develops a strong liking to the tamarind fruit will make the fruit sour.

B. Anybody who points at a budding of an upo will cause the budding to wither.

Popular songs:

A. Ikaw Pala

Ikaw pala giliw
Salawahang isip
Habang bago-bago
Tunay ang pagibig
Nang makakita ka
Nang maganda’t marikit
Iniwan mo ako
Palibhasa’y pangit



Ang sinisintir ko
Isang bagay lamang
Minahal mo ako
Bago mo iniwan

B. Popular Games and Amusements

1. Tibig
2. Throw the Can
3. Hide and Seek
4. Checkers (Dama)
5. Piko

Puzzles:

1. Kung ang kalabaw ay nakatalikod sa silangan, saan nakatalikod ang kalabaw?

2. Nang lalangin ng Dios si Eva, ano ang ginagawa ni Adan?

Riddles:

1. Isda ko sa Mariveles, nasa loo bang kaliskis.

Witchcraft:

a. Ticbalang – [The] Ticbalang has the power to mislead persons going on their journey. One foot looks like that of a horse and the other looks like that of a human foot.

b. Asuwang – They are persons who have the power to assume the forms of a big dog, a big pig, or a cat. They roam at night and eat the liver of a sick person.

Beliefs:

A. When the clouds are low, it will rain.
B. Offering food to the “Nuno” will make the ill person well.
C. Forest invites rain.

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Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of Lagnas,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.

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