San Diego, Bauan, Batangas: Historical Data - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore San Diego, Bauan, Batangas: Historical Data - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

San Diego, Bauan, Batangas: Historical Data

Historical Data graphic
Historical data from the National Library of the Philippines.

Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of San Digeo, Bauan, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.

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1. Present official name of the barrio - - San Diego

2. Popular name of the barrio:

Present - - San Diego
Past - - - - Buli Malindig

3. Date of establishment – During the Spanish Administration

4. Oldest families:

a. Brucal family
b. Mendoza family
c. Manalo family
d. Abante family
e. Reyes family

5. List of tenientes from the earliest time up to the present:

a. Cabeza Patricio Reyes
b. Cabeza Angel Marasigan
c. Cabeza Balbino Generoso
d. Teniente Paulino Brucal
e. Teniente Diego Brucal
f. Teniente Leonardo Brucal
g. Teniente Pablo Manalo
h. Teniente Telesforo Brucal
i. Teniente Guillermo Generoso
j. Teniente Mariano Brucal
k. Teniente Pedro Brucal


Between the lofty hills of Mandupang and Boboy by the side of Lumbang valley, there lies the sitio named Buli. The barrio was named Buli for it was thickly covered with buri palms. In the midst of the wilderness, there lived the Brucal family, the first family to live in that area. This sitio was part of Malindig under the leadership of Cabezang Patricio Reyes. Soon, many families from other places migrated to this sitio. Because of political reasons, under the leadership of Councilor Felix Madlangbayan, and upon the recommendation of the Provincial Board of Batangas and the Secretary of [the] Interior and pursuant to the provisions of section sixty-eight of the Revised Administrative Code, the sitio of Buli, barrio of Malindig, Municipality of Bauan, Batangas was hereby separated from said barrio and organized into an independent barrio of the Municipality of Bauan under

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the name of San Diego. The barrio was named in honor of Diego Brucal, who was the first person to plant and cultivate fruit trees, vegetables and other food crops in that place.

VIII. Important facts, incidents, or events that took place during:

a. The Spanish Occupation:

A group of bandits headed by a notorious outlaw raided the house of Antolin Generoso. The occupants of the house, instead of submitting meekly to the abuses of the intruders, resisted and in the ensuing struggle, succeeded in killing the leader of the band. It turned out to be that this leader of the outlaws had a price on his head. The person who killed him was rewarded with one hundred pesos.

b. The American Occupation:

The term Cabeza was changed to Teniente.

c. During and after World War II:

The people of the barrio evacuated to different places for fear of the invading armies of the Rising Sun. As in practically all places throughout the Philippines, all those suspected of being guerrillas were put to death or tortured by the Japanese.

After liberation by the Americans from the Japanese, the road from Baguilawa to San Diego was greatly improved and the barrio can now be reached through zig-zagging roads by jeeps and some other vehicles that can climb steep grades.

X. Traditions, customs, and practices in domestic and social life; birth, baptism, courtship, marriage, death, burial, festivals, punishments and many others.


1. Hindi ano, hindi kuan, verdeng balat pulang laman.
2. Kung hilao ay verde, pag hinog ay dilao, pusong nakabitin, medaling manakao.
3. Hindi upo, hindi patola, kulubot ang balat, mapait ang lasa.
4. Alin dito sa mundo ang walang paa’y tumatakbo.
5. Isang balong malalim, puno ng patalim.
6. May isang babae na sakdal ng dunong, naisipisipan magluto ng apoy, kristal ang kalan, kristal din ang tongtong, malamig na tubig ang iginagatong.

Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of San Diego” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
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