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Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Ayao-Iyao in the Municipality of Lemery, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
MUNICIPALITY OF LEMERY
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
DIVISION OF BATANGAS
DISTRICT OF LEMERY
Ayao-Iyao Elementary school
HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE BARRIO AYAO-IYAO
PART ONE: HISTORY
Present Official Name of the Barrio
In the heart of the town of Lemery lies the peaceful barrio of Ayao-Iyao, endowed with vast rice and corn fields. The fields are planted to diversified crops which keep men busy all day throughout the year.
Former Name or Names and their Meaning or Derivation
No person could remember any name given to this barrio before. People are wondering and keep asking why this place is so-called. The name Ayao-Iyao was derived from the word “ayaw,” meaning “I do not like.” It began with a beautiful lady forced by her parents to marry the son of their beloved friend. Being already engaged to another man, she ran away shouting, “Aayaw ko, aayaw ko,” which means “I do not like, I do not like.” Every time somebody asked her any question, she always gave the same answer – “Aayaw, aayaw.”
Date of Establishment
Ayao-Iyao, Lemery was established in the year 1893.
Many, many years ago, most of the vast lands of Ayao-Iyao were owned by the wealthy family of Mr. Octavio Garcia, who was known to be the first family in this place. The family was able to own lands through persistent toil. Because he could not work all of the fields, he began to sell partial lands to other residents who immigrated to the barrio.
List of Tenientes from the Earliest Time to Date
Mayor is to a town as a teniente is to a barrio. Tenientes were appointed and changed from time to time by the Governadorcillos during the Spanish time. The first teniente was Octavio Garcia, succeeded by Agustin Umali. Years passed and Mariano Mercado, one of the oldest men of the barrio and capable of being a leader, came next. Juan de Castro soon followed his leadership and with his death, Urbano de Castro took possession of the position. Urbano de Castro is still living. Years rolled by and the peace-loving inhabitants of this place was headed by Miguel Orteza who was replaced by Martin Magpantay. Andres Sanchez was appointed next and a couple of years later was relieved by Tomas Sanchez. After serving his people, another able and capable leader headed the barrio. Up to this date, Mauro Magsino leads his people to righteous and good citizenry. Under his able leadership, Ayao-Iyao is now what it is – peaceful, contented, happy, and fast improving.
Data on Historical Sites, Structures, Buildings, Old Ruins, Etc.
Parents who wished their children to be useful members of society and good citizens of our country sent their children to the school of Malinis, an adjacent barrio. The building was built by the government. Because of the enthusiasm of the people here, they were able to persuade and convince the higher authorities concerned to transfer the said school to Ayao-Iyao where it now stands. The lot was donated by Urbano de Castro, the teniente del Barrio at that time. The first teacher was Mr. Flaviano Cornejo, who through his tact and good public relationship, was able to construct a two-room school house. With the increase in enrolment, more teachers were needed. Ayao-Iyao, today, has a complete elementary school with six teachers. With the help of the energetic, active, and tactful officers of the P.T.A., a five-room temporary building was erected last July, 1951.
Important Facts, Incidents or Events that Took Place
During the Spanish Occupation
An epidemic passed this place but was immediately surpassed by the Spanish Health Officials.
During the American Occupation to World War II
People lived peacefully in the way they should – happy and contented with what they had. The Americans were not bothered by these people. The barrio folks were happy upon the arrival of the Americans for the grievances and sufferings of their brother Filipinos would at least be changed to contentment and blissful happiness.
During and After World War II
The news of the Japanese infamy on December 8, 1941 shocked this barrio. They received the news that the Japanese captured important naval bases. There were atrocities laid at their doors. Although afraid that they might be the next to be attacked, they never ceased praying and calling the Almighty God to save them from the Japanese’s inhuman acts. The townspeople selected this place as their evacuation center. After a few months, they returned to town. The Japanese arrived and commanded these people to plant cotton whether they liked it or not or else - - -. This compulsory planting of cotton was the only incident that troubled the people of this barrio during the Japanese occupation.
When the Americans were in Nasugbu, the people rejoiced. Only a few people evacuated to farther barrios. The rest stayed at home but were always ready in case anything would happen. Our liberators arrived in jeeps, trucks, ships, and airplanes and most of the people went to town to greet them. They bartered their fruits, chickens, and eggs for the GIs’ canned food, cigarettes, candies, clothing, and other things they had not seen for five solid years. The people returned to work and were never again disturbed.
Destruction of Lives, Properties and Institutions During Wars, Especially in 1896-1900 and 1941-1945
As stated in the preceding data, there were no destructions of any kind. Some local incidents occurred but they were not an aftermath of any rebellion either against
the Americans or Spaniards.
Measures and Accomplishments Toward Rehabilitation and Reconstruction following World War II
There were many rural areas not given attention by those concerned and Ayao-Iyao was one of them. One has to pass Ayao-Iyao in going to Agoncillo, a newly created municipality. Luckily, the road was repaired when Agoncillo was made a town. Formerly, one had to hike in going to school. Under the leadership of Mr. Mauro Magsino, the “Teniente del Barrio,” the way to the school was repaired by the people without any compensation.
PART II: FOLKWAYS
Traditions, Customs and Practices in Domestic and Social Life
Ayao-Iyao is a sound, safe place in one of the level nooks of the town of Lemery, Batangas, endowed with evergreen rice, corn, and onion fields with a river flowing continuously, thus helping make the lives of the inhabitants easier. The people in this barrio are industrious and live peacefully. In spite of the rapid change of civilization, their customs and traditions do not perish. They have all in their hearts cooperation, especially for the upliftment of their barrio. Their customs and traditions can be pictured out in the different stages of life from birth to death.
The first stage of life is when a child is born. It is the custom of this barrio to go to the house of a mother who gives birth and help or share with the happiness or sorrows that the family encounters.
The giving of a name to the newly-born child is done next. Others still get the name from the calendar and others, due to the rapid growth of civilization, think of any name that suits their fancy.
The parents of the child select the godmother or godfather. In cast of the eldest child, the grandparents select the sponsors. If one is selected, they will give hens, eggs, and soft drinks to the prospective godfather or godmother. In this way, the man or woman will know that he or she is chosen godfather or godmother.
The day for the child to be baptized comes. It’s customary in this place to have a baptismal party. Those who have the means kill pigs, goats and chickens and invite many visitors. In this occasion, the cooperation of the people is again observed. It's their custom to serve the godfather or godmother first together with the visitors invited by the sponsors.
It is but human for a man to seek for a life’s partner who can share the joys and sorrows of life. In this, courtship begins. Here, the man begins to court the woman he loves. When he wins the love of the woman, this is the
time when he tells his parents. When his parents favor the woman, they bring fish to his fiancée’s parents to show their approval. This act is what we call “pagpapakilala.” But the abovementioned situation is not always true in all cases. There is what they call “matandaan,” where both parents (without the knowledge of both young man and woman) agree that their son and daughter should marry each other. After the “pagpapakilala” and the man succeeds, they begin to help the woman’s family. The man asks his relatives and friends to help in working in the field or repairing the house of the woman. Then follows the meeting of the two families to plan out the marriage. In this meeting, they discuss the preparation for the wedding and the dowry the man’s parents will give. There are different kinds of dowry given to the woman’s parents or the newly-married couple. Some of these are in the form of land, jewelries, cattle, or even money.
The day of marriage comes. The preparation is in accordance with the plan made by both [sets of] parents. Sometimes, the preparation is done in the bridegroom’s house. During the ceremony, many people are invited.
After the wedding party is over, the bride goes to the bridegroom’s house with the parents, relatives and friends of the groom, while the groom is left in the bride’s house to stay there until the next day. This ends the hardships of the groom and his parents in serving the bride’s parents, but the beginning of a new life for the new couple.
Death is but natural upon any individual. It comes whether one likes it or not. It may be natural or an unnatural death.
If anyone of the members of the family dies, we see sisters, brothers, parents, guardians and friends cry, sob, and lament. Here, we see the neighbors and other friends and relatives go to the house of the bereaved family to express their condolences. Some even help the members in household work which are neglected because of their grief. When night comes, many friends, relatives, and neighbors spend the sleepless night in the bereaved family’s house to watch over the corpse. They play different games to keep them all awake during the night. They were also served coffee and bread so that they will not get tired the whole night. The interment is done in the following day. The corpse is placed in a coffin which is bought or made. The coffin is being carried by a group of people who take turns in carrying it from the house to the church where it is blessed by the priest or just being prayed for by the people. Then, it is carried to the cemetery and placed in a tomb prepared for the purpose.
For nine consecutive nights, the family prays for the soul of the departed one. Neighbors, relatives and friends come to join the bereaved family in their prayers. On the fourth and last day of the prayer, the family thanks them by preparing food and serving them.
It is their custom that from the time one dies,
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