Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Gulod in the Municipality of Lemery, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
MUNICIPALITY OF LEMERY
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
DIVISION OF BATANGAS
DISTRICT OF LEMERY
HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE BARRIO OF GULOD
PART ONE: HISTORY
Present Official Name of the Barrio
Former Name or Names and their Meaning or Derivation
Gulod is the local name of the barrio which means hilly. The early inhabitants gave that name for nearly all the places are hilly.
Date of Establishment
The barrio was established about the middle part of the nineteenth century. According to the eldest man of this barrio, he could not remember the date.
2. Kabisang Pedro
3. Martin Catapang
4. Basilio Villalobos
List of Tenientes from the Earliest Time to Date
2. Pedro or Tenienteng Pendong
3. Basilio Villalobos
4. Tenienteng Elyo
5. Maximino Mulingtapang
6. Valerio Martinez
The sitios within the jurisdiction were called by the old folks as Gulod na Ilaya, Gulod na Ibaba, Gulod na Silangan, at Gulod na Kanluran, now called Talaga, Bagong Pook, Tubuan and Arumahan.
The sitios within the jurisdiction were separated and given each leader or chief which were called teniente del barrio or barrio lieutenant during the Presidency of Mr. Ruperto Venturanza. He also appointed a helper in case the teniente del barrio would be absent. He was called or given the title auxiliar.
Data on Historical Sites, Structures, Buildings, Old Ruins, Etc.
During the Spanish time, according to the eldest men of the barrio, there lived two brothers, the older being the chief of the tulisan or puno ng tulisan by the name of Montalan. He had a wife by the name of Juana who was the most beautiful lass he had ever seen that time or now. He had many followers and one of his followers was Kapitan Purok who was also brave and strong like his chief. The robbed the houses of the rich people and the
treasury of the government. He related the treasury of a municipality in Laiya, San Juan de Bolboc, etc. where they robbed the treasury of the government. They also stole the best horses of the rich which they rode with their bags filled with money. They brought their money to a cave, then they buried this money under a big tree so that they could trace the place where to get them.
Important Facts, Incidents or Events that Took Place
During the Spanish Occupation
The middle part of the nineteenth century was marked by several incidents caused by different groups of tulisanes (bandits). Several tulisanes lived in the other part of Bayngan [Bayuyungan?] in the highlands. The chief of the bandits lived with this Matanda sa Nayon. He was the runner of this bandit. According to him, whenever he was given a twenty peso bill, he never got the change.
During the American Occupation to World War II
The people were very lucky for no Japanese tyranny was encountered by them. There were evacuees from different places of the town of Lemery and Taal who settled there. They were given food and shelter by the barrio people. The peaceful condition of the barrio was broken when an encounter between the B.C.T. and the Huks happened, in the nearby barrio of Gulod which was called Caluangan, a barrio of Calaca where the bullets reached Gulod which made the people frightened and they fled for safety along the provincial road.
Destruction of Lives, Properties and Institutions During Wars, Especially in 1896-1900 and 1941-1945
It was already stated above that the people of this barrio were lucky for they had not suffered hardships and casualties from the wars.
Measures and Accomplishments Toward Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Following World War II
A school building of two rooms was constructed through the cooperationof the P.T.A. under the leadership of an intelligent teacher who worked hard for the good of the young generation.
PART TWO: FOLKWAYS
Traditions, Customs and Practices in Domestic and Social Life
Whenever a woman is about to deliver, the husband could not go away. The biggest preparation in the form of tying chickens which are killed when the delivery comes. The people who come eat in their homes. They are given drinks. The newly-born baby is given a name and the godfather is at once decided.
It does not take a long time to wait before the child
is being poured water on the head and, as usual, the people who stay around are fed. The relatives of the godfather give present or materials. The child is brought to town to be baptized by the priest or they are baptized in the barrio when they have a barrio fiesta. And there is a big preparation.
In matters of courtship in this barrio, the manner and custom that prevailed many years ago still prevail now. When a young woman is in love with a girl, he does many things to the family of the girl he admires. The relatives of the lovers help with anything the family of the girl undertakes. If the girl despises the man, the man requests somebody who is close to the family of the girl to talk to the family in a most kind way. Thus, the girl is forced to love the young man, through the harsh advice of her parents. The parents of both parties interfere in the courtship. The parents of the girl make arrangements with the parents of the young man.
The marriage ceremony is performed in the church. There is a big preparation and many people from neighboring barrios come. When all the people have eaten, the sponsor calls for the relatives of the boy and the girl. They come around the table where the couple sit. They give money. The godmother gives the bigger amount than the relatives but the sponsor gives the biggest amount. The sponsor counts the money. He will give it to the groom and then he will give it to the bride. After the ceremony, the bride will go to the house of the groom and sleeps there, as the groom is left, to sleep in the bride’s house. The tail, feet will be tied together and will be brought to the groom’s house. All the food left will be divided equally between the parents of both parties so that the bride will not be troublesome.
The dead is brought to the church if he or she is a Roman Catholic, then to the cemetery. After the burial, all the relatives will assemble in the house of the deceased and pray.
Popular Songs, Games and Amusements
The most popular game in this place is baseball.
Here comes the boat from Songsong
With Nene for vacation
With Garambola skirts
And her shawl is garambol
And her clothes
Puzzles and Riddles
1. There, there but you cannot see.
2. There, there, having charcoal in his head.
2. There is no gain without pain.
3. Those that attempt are ever helpful.
4. Give away, give away
Nothing for yourself.
Barrio Committee Chairman