Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrios of San Fernando and Santiago (formerly called Payapa) in the Municipality of Malvar, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
COLLECTION AND COMPILATION
BARRIOS OF SAN FERNANDO AND SANTIAGO
(Formerly called Payapa)
MUNICIPALITY OF MALVAR
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE BARRIO
Part One: History
b. San Fernando
b. Present – Santiago (Payapang Burol or Ibabao)
d. At present, the old barrio of Payapa is comprised of two barrios, namely: Santiago and San Fernando. The former is named in honor of “Cabesang” Santiago Lantin and the latter in honor of “Cabesang” Fernando Manalo. Both were prominent men during their time. Despite the official names of these barrios, many people still call Santiago “Payapang Burol” or “Ibabao” and San Fernando “Payapang Labak.” These present popular names are derived from the topography of these places.
e. No sitios are included within the territorial jurisdiction of the aforementioned barrios.
a. Lantin |
h. Laydea [Laydia?]
1. Santiago Lantin|
2. Fernando Manalo
3. Manuel Lantin|
4. Evaresto Manalo
|5. Lorenzo Lantin|
[p. 2](Continuation of No. 5)
1. Claro Lat|
2. Felisito Laja
3. Tomas Lantin|
4. Genaro Aguilera
|5. Marcelo Reyes|
|1. Dionisio Maralit||4. Victor Lantin|
|2. Teodoro Bautista||5. Santiago Manalo|
|3. Teodoro Hernandez||6. Ambrocio Terenal|
B. Barrio of San Fernando –
1. Evaristo Lantin|
2. Roman Viaje
3. Lorenzo Torres
4. Paulo Aguilera|
5. Jose Lantin
6. Juanario Tolentino
|7. Francisco Torres|
2. Despite the lack of religious freedom, many people worshipped Dr. Jose Rizal. They were called “Iko.” Another religious sect called “Kolorum,” which meant “magbubundok,” worshipped the mountain with the belief that God was in it.
3. Incidents – In most of the visits of the “Guardia Civil” and the Spanish “Casadores,” the inhabitants were forced to give chickens, eggs, fruits, and sometimes pigs. Any person seen by them (Guardia Civil and Casadores) on the way was commanded to carry their personal belongings. No one could refuse for fear of inhuman punishment.
4. Personalities – A “Cabeza” named Felisito Laja sold many parcels of land just to cover up the amount of tribute that his barrio mates filed to give. He died poor with but with an honorable life.
(Continuation of No. 8, letter b)
(b) The American soldiers searched the houses of the inhabitants for firearms and hiding “Insurrectos.”
(c) To spare the lives of the barrio people from the crossfires of the American soldiers and the Filipino “Insurrectos,” the American officers ordered all the people to assemble at a safety zone in Lipa. After several weeks, these people were released and ordered to return to their homes.
(b) More virgin lands were cultivated and planted to a variety of crops.
(c) The introduction of the calesas made the conveyance of the people and market products to the towns faster and more economical.
(b) The first public school building erected in the barrio was only a two-room building. It was erected in 1926. In 1957, another room was annexed to it.
(Continuation of No. 8, letter b)
(b) Among the municipal councilors from Payapa, Mr. Jose Manalo and Mr. Maximino Aguilera were the first to be included in the list.
(b) The people of the barrio were divided into different groups. Each group was under a leader called “Cabo.” The “Cabos” were held responsible for the collection of foodstuff for the Japanese and also for getting male persons the Japanese need to work in the cotton plantations and in the auxiliary air bases.
(c) Hundreds of coconut trees were cut down for trunks only. These were used as supports of the Japanese air shelters and hiding places in the ground.
(d) In January, 1944, the Japanese Kempetai and soldiers commandeered many of the horses, cattle, calesas, bull carts, and sewing machines of the barrio folks.
(e) Guerrilla units were organized to help carry out the national resistance movement against the Japanese and also to protect the people from the molestation of bandits and fake guerrillas.
(f) Guerrilla suspects in the community were given the most inhuman punishments by the Japanese soldiers. Others were brought to other places and killed.
(g) The scarcity of food in the barrio forced the people to overlook personal hygiene and [the] proper upkeep of their homes.
(Continuation of No. 8, letter c)
(i) Sometime in March, 1945, many young women were taken to a concentration camp in sitio Sulok, Lipa, to mend the torn clothes of the retreating Japanese soldiers. No one could tell what happened to them.
(b) Some Japanese soldiers on patrol were wiped out by some guerrilla soldiers. Japs who arrived later burned the school building. The house of Mr. Lorenzo Torres was included.
(b) The primary school of Payapa became a complete elementary in 1949.
(c) Three artesian wells were constructed in 1952. The difficulty of the barrio folks in securing safe drinking water was greatly minimized.
(d) The people learned to apply fertilizers to their fields and farms extensively. The increased production of various crops greatly improved the standard of living of the people.
(e) The people observed the barrio fiesta annually. Such has not been observed before.
(b) Sometime in March 1945, the school building and the house of Lorenzo Torres were burned by the Japanese soldiers.
(c) During the years 1944 and 1945, hundreds of coconut trees were cut down by the Japanese soldiers. Staple foods of the people were commandeered. [The] Same was done to the people’s burden animals.