Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Santol in the Municipality of Mataasnakahoy, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF BARRIO SANTOL
* PART ONE: HISTORY *
1. Present Official Name of the Barrio –
2. Popular name of the barrio, present and past; derivations and meanings of these names. Names of sitios within the territorial jurisdiction of the barrio.
3. Date of Establishment –
4. Original Families –
5. List of Tenientes from the Earliest Time to Date –
6. Story of old barrio or sitios within the jurisdiction that are now depopulated or extinct. – N o n e.
7. Data on historical sites, structures, buildings, old ruins, etc.
8. Important facts, incidents or events that took place.
9. Destruction of lives, properties and institutions during wars, especially in 1899-1900 and 1941-1945.
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Courtship and Marriage - Courtship is done by parents’ agreement. But sometimes by the wishes of their children. When both parties agree with each other, the gentleman will serve in the lady’s home for almost one year or more.
After the term of service, the day of celebration of marriage is solemnized in the church. All the people of the barrio gather together to promote their traditional comradeships. They have unity in every line of endeavor.
Death and Burial - When a member of a family dies, nobody in the family is allowed to stop at the door. Neither is [anyone] allowed to watch the mother in her delivery room; also not allowed to lie down crosswise on the floor, believing that she will have hardship in delivering the child.
Popular Songs and Amusements
The most popular songs that the people of the place like best are the “kundiman” and “kutang” songs. The “subli” and the “pandanggo” dances were also their amusements. Both the songs and dances were used by both adults and young folks in social gatherings.
Proverbs and Sayings
To wait means to suffer.
He who never looks backward to his ancestors will not look forward to his destination.
[A] Spring cannot rise higher than its sources.
Familiarity breeds contempt.
Success is the fruit of slow growth.
[A] Barking dog seldom bites.
A piece of meat always wet. (tongue)
It is not a man, neither an animal, but it has two heads. (hammer)
It is not a man, neither an animal, but it has two hands. (clock)
It is round.
It is shiny.
But it is not gold. (sun)
Methods of measuring time, special calendars
JUANANG ILAYA, THE TERROR OF CHILDREN
Once upon a time, there lived in the barrio of Santol a widow with two children. In order to distinguish her from other Juanas, she was called Juanang Ilaya. She loved her children very much, thus, she worked hard in order to support them. A very beautiful widow was she. Many men still fell in love with her. Whenever a suitor would propose his love to her, her answer was that she was already contented to live alone with her children. One of those who courted her got mad because every time he would ask for her consent, the same answer was repeated to him.
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for them. She went very far until she reached the place where the witch lived. The witch caught her and turned her into a witch also. Although she was a witch, yet she never forgot her children. She could go two the place she wanted because of her supernatural power.
It is said that since that time, she was often seen appearing before a crying child because she thought that the child crying was hers. This believe became very popular not only in that barrio but also in the neighboring barrios. Thus, when a child cries, and somebody says it might be heard by Juanang Ilaya, the child suddenly stops crying, being afraid of her. So, Juanang Ilaya became the terror of children.
__________ o0o __________