Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Salaban in the Municipality of San Jose, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
Division of Batangas
District of San Jose
HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE BARRIO (of Salaban)
Part One – History
1. Present official name of the barrio – Salaban2. Popular name –
(b) Past – Salaban
(c) Derivation and meaning of this name
3. Date of establishment - As early as one century. [?]
4. Original families – About fifty (50) families.
5. List of Tenientes:
1. Jacobo Madlangbayan|
2. Jose Quizon
3. Macario Magracia
5. Vicente Pino
6. Juan Pino
7. Sofronio Morfe|
8. Tranquilinio Andal
9. Francisco Benetiz [likely Benitez]
11. Vicente Madlangbayan
12. Marcelo Miral
6. Story of the barrio within its jurisdiction.
Salaban was planted to coffee trees. The transportation was very hard. People had to cross brooks to bring their products. This place is called “Luma.”
During the Spanish time, a bridge was constructed between Dagatan and Salaban, the boundary of Ibaan and San Jose. From that time, people passed the bridge in going to town for few roads were made. Since then, the place was called “Bago.”
7. No data on historical sites, structures, buildings, old ruins, & etc.
8. Important facts, incidents or events that took place:
9. a. Two lives were taken by the Japs, no properties and institutions were lost in 1941-1945. In 1896-1900, some houses were burned only.
PART TWO – FOLKLORE10. Traditions, customs and practices.
When a gentleman desired to marry a young woman, his parents and their son will serve the family. If the presents were accepted and the son is not rejected, that means that he is accepted. The man’s parents and the woman’s parents talk and arrange the marriage.
The marriage ceremony is simple. It is performed in a church by a priest. There are sponsors chosen by both parents. After the marriage ceremony, relatives and friends go with them, the bride and bridegroom, for a party. Usually, relatives give gifts or money to the couple before they leave the party. A man is chosen to break a pot in front of the stairs before the group with the couple departs, shouting and laughter are heard along the road.
A person who is well-versed in prayers is called to assist a dying person. This person prays for the salvation of his soul.
After the death, his body is cleaned and jewels are removed before putting on his best clothes. His body is put in a coffin. In leaving the house, the dead person in a coffin is followed by a woman pouring water until the stairs and throws the dipper away.
2. Beating and pinching the ears are practiced.
11. The Origin of Mushrooms
A long time ago, there were no mushrooms in the world, but the white umbrella-like fungi are said to have originated this way.
Many years ago, when the people were not so vain as they are now, the saints used to associate with the mortals. Among the saints who mingled with the people in the village was St. Ann. One day, St. Ann had many visitors. She was in a predicament for she had just a little piece of tapa and to feed them was a problem.
“Oh Lord! Help me out of my dilemma!” she prayed. A voice, faint but distinct, said, “Chop your tapa and then throw the seeds under the bamboo trees.”
St. Ann chopped the tapa and threw all the seeds under some bamboo trees. [In] An instant, millions [of] mushrooms sprung up.
This is how mushrooms originated.
Proverbs and Sayings –
Ang lapastangan sa magulang ay walang bait na tama.
1. Whoever maltreats his parents is devoid of reverence.
2. If you don’t trust in luck, you never can cross the sea, for a will that is strong is through hardship.
3. A girl that is sweet and pure, though she is poor, is worth to be loved.
4. Modesty is an emblem of virtue.
5. Although you are wealthy and well-dressed, if you have no manners, you are not worth a grain.
Members of the Committee:
Miss Martina Hernandez