Mapulo, Taysan, Batangas: Historical Data - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

Mapulo, Taysan, Batangas: Historical Data

Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Mapulo in the Municipality of Taysan, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.
Historical Data
[p. 1]

District of Lobo


1 – [The] Present official name of the barrio is MAPULO

2 – Mapulo is the present and past name of the barrio. It was derived from its physical feature during the olden days.

Long ago, Mapulo had many islets, “mga pulo,” which at present are hills, and form that topography was dubbed the sobriquet “Mapulo.”

Presently in this barrio, natural resources abound. A certain kind of stone was discovered which was best for lime-making. Since limy stones were teeming in the locality, the manufacture of lime became one of the important industries of the people.

Similarly, the name of the lime being made or produced derived its distinctive appellation from the place where it originated. The term given was “apog Mapulo.” This lime was popular among sugar mills where the lime used in sugar making came from. It was the pride of the barrio.

At sitio known as Malayag is included in its territorial jurisdiction.

3 – Date of establishment:

No record is traceable and no data can be gathered.

4 – Original families:

a. Juan Manalo – husband

Margarita - wife

b. Juan Dapoc - husband

[p. 2]

Nicolas – wife [?]

5 – List of tenientes from the earliest time to date:

1. 1905-1940
2. 1940-1941
3. 1941-1945
4. 1945 - to date
Florentino Comia
Felix Hernandez
Manuel Comia
Isidro Hernandez
6 – There were no stories of barrios or sitios within the jurisdiction that are now depopulated or extinct.

7 – Data on historical sites, structures, buildings, old ruins, etc.:

No data can be secured from the present inhabitants.

8 – Important facts, incidents or events that took place:

a. During the Spanish regime:

Several epidemics, for instance, cholera and smallpox, broke out. It was, perhaps, due to the ignorance, carelessness and neglect of the people.

b. During the American Era to World War II:

The wanton epidemics were controlled and checked by the enforcement of quarantines and isolation. Through these measures introduced by the altruistic Americans, the people learned to observe rules and practices [in] health habits.

c. During and after World War II:

The people evacuated to places where they felt safer from the cruelties and brutalities of the Japanese. Food became scarce. Starvation was the deadly ghost which everyone dreaded most.

After World War II, most of the people realized the

[p. 3]

necessity and value of education. Eventually, they sent their children to acquire a higher education.

9 – a. There was no destruction of lives, properties and institutions during the periods between 1896-1900 and 1941-1945, as per information gathered.

b. No measures no accomplishments toward rehabilitation and reconstruction following World War II have been noted.

10 – Traditions, customs and practices in domestic and social life:

a. Births – Upon the birth of a child, the father or any member of the family went to town to have the child registered. The couple had to consult the old folks as to whom they would like as godfather or godmother of the child.

b. Baptism – After the lapse of some weeks, the baptism of the child followed. The couple conferred with the old folks in the family as to whom they would like to be the godfather or godmother as the case might be, of the child. Once they had decided who would be the sponsor, they fixed the date of the baptismal party. They would inform the godfather or godmother. If it so happened that the sponsor was a young woman who had many aspirants for her hand, many gifts where received. The party was usually a grand one if the parents of the child were well-off.

c. Courtship – it was the practice during those days that the parents wear to decide whether the man who was

[p. 4]

after their daughter was fit to be the husband of their child. They had to consider the family background, the characteristics of the suitor, and the like and so on. If the man came up to their standard, he had to render services to the family before he could marry the woman of his dreams.

d. Marriage – When the allotment of time for the man’s services was about to end, and his services merited the appraisal of the old folks, the parents of both parties met together to design and fix the date of the marriage. The date of the wedding was always set in accordance with a quarter of the moon within the stated month, whatever the case might be, for their minds were cloaked with superstitions.

e. Visits – In this barrio, the traditional hospitality is the distinctive characteristic of the people. It is best shown when a visitor from another place comes. That guests cannot leave the house without partaking with the family even how frugal the food may be. From the seat, the visitor is literally dragged toward the table or “latok,” where the meal lies awaiting. No amount of alibis can convince the host to let the visitor leave the house without eating. Often, the visitors are not allowed to go without something to tag along.

f. Deaths – [The] Neighborliness of the people from this place is well manifested when death comes to a member

[p. 5]

of a family in the neighborhood. Upon knowing of the demise of a person in the vicinity, the people go at once to the home of the bereaved family, not only to condole [with] them but also to extend whatever help they can afford. Every person who comes gives [a] certain amount. Some bring chicken, and others help in repairing the ladder or the kitchen or the back porch. All these actuations of the people help lighten the burden of the bereaved family.

g. Festivals – During the festivity in honor of the patron saint of the barrio, or during the traditional barrio novena as the Mayflower celebration, every home is open to all those who may care to come. On this occasion, whether the visitors are known to the host or not, they are all welcome. Every home is a haven of abundance, peace, contentment and happiness. Often, the visitors have to eat three or four more times, especially if they have many acquaintances in the place. During the fiesta in the barrio, a visitor from another place has to drop in the house of his friends or chance acquaintances, lest the latter will be disappointed. It is customary in the place to give material gifts, like chicken, eggs, fruits, and so on and so forth, two the visitors when they go home.

11 – a. No legendary tales and myths can be found or gathered.

Interpretations –

1. A comet presages war or calamity.

2. A pregnant woman who eats twin bananas will give birth to twins.

[p. 6]

3. A girl who sings before the stone while cooking will marry a woodwork.

4. A cat washing his face forecasts a visitor is coming.

5. When a member of the family dies and the corpse is soft, another member will soon follow.

6. When a hen crows at midnight and without any response, a maiden or unmarried woman will give birth.

7. When you incidentally bite your tongue, somebody is harboring ill feelings toward you.

8. When you dream of a person who is still living dies, that person will have a longer life.

9. During the transition. Of the moon, [if] it so happens that you take a bath, that very moment you will be seriously ill.

12 – Popular songs, games and amusements:

1. Songs – Kutang, Pandango, Kurido, Original and Sinalibis.

2. Games and amusements – Hari-harian, Sungka, Bulaklakan, Sin-singan, Tres-Siete, Entre-sais, and Kayho.

13 – Puzzles and riddles:

a. Riddles –

1. Kabiyak na niyog, sambuwang nagalipod. – Buwan.

2. Bahay ng kalapati, punong-puno ng garoti. – Apuyan.

3. Dalawang batong itim, malayo ang nararating. – Mata.

4. Mataas ang nabibitin

kay sa kinabibitinan. – Saranggola.

5. May punong walang ugat, hitik ng bulaklak. – Langit na mabituin.

6. Walang butas na pinapasukan, napapasok ng kaloob-luoban. – Pag-iisip.

7. Sa umaga humahapon, sa hapon tumatalon. – Unan.

8. Isang malaking punong kahoy, ma’y sanga’y walang dahon. – Langanan.

9. Pagsipot ay maliwanag, ay kulubot ang balat. – Ampalaya.

10. Hindi tao’t hindi pantas, maaaring makausap. – Sulat.

11. Hindi madangkal, hindi madipa, pinagtulungan ng lima. – Karayom.

12. Naligo si Adan, hindi nabasa ang tiyan. – Sahig.

13. Isang supot na uling, naroon at bibitin-bitin. – Duhat.

14. Habang iyong kinakain, ay lalo kang gugutumin. – Purga.

15. Matanda na ang nuno ay di pa naliligo. – Pusa.

16. Butasi, butasi, butas rin ang itinagpi. – Lambat.

17. Matapang ako sa dalawa, duwag ako sa isa. – Tulay.

18. Bumili ako ng alipin, mataas pa sa akin. – Sumbrero.

19. Lumalakad ay walang humihila, tumatakbo’y walang paa. – Bangka.

20. Isang kumpol na ngipin, nakabalot sa papel. – Bawang.

b. Puzzles:

1. May pitong baka sa loob ng kural, lumukso ang isa, ilan ang natira? – Pito.

2. Mag-inang baka, umanak ng tig-isa, ilan lahat ang baka? – Tatlo.

[p. 8]

3. Pitong Huwan at isang Pedro, ilang lahat? – Apat.

4. Mayroong isang magandang prinsesa na totoong mabilis sa takbuhan. Siya’y napabalita na ang makatatalo sa kanya’y kanyang pakakasalan at ang matatalo naman niya’y kanyang papupugutan ng ulo. Ano ang paraang ginawa ni Pablo upang siya’y magtagumpay?

Sagot: Sapagka’t ang prinsesa’y mahiligin sa sari-saring uri ng bulaklak, at si Pablo namupol ng marami upang gamitin sa kanyang pagtakbo. Kapag ang prinsesa’y nakauuna sa kaniya, ang bulaklak ay kaniyang hinahagis sa unahan ng prinsesa at pupulutin naman into ng prinsesa. Sa ganitong paraan ay nakauna si Pablo, kung kaya tinalo din ang prinsesa sa takbuhan.

5. Si Miguel ay naglalaro ng bola. Kaginsa-ginsa’y nahulog sa tubong butas nakabaon sa lupa. Ano ang kaniyang ginawang paraan upang makuha ang bola?

Sagot: Ang tubo’y binuhusan ng tubig upang ang bola’y umalsa.

6. Aling halaman na kung bigkasin ng sino man, maging mangmang man o marunong, ay humal?

Sagot: Anghingho.

7. Aling pangalan ng Pilipino na wala sa titik na “Marcelo?”

Sagot: Quintin.

8. Aling bunga ang malayo sa sanga? Bungang-araw.

9. Anong tawag mo sa biyenan ng asawa ng kapatid mo kung babai? Sagot: Inay.

10. Sino sa anak ng iyong magulang ang hindi maitutu-

[p. 9]

ring na iyong kapatid? Sagot: Ikaw.

14 – Proverbs and Sayings:

1. Kay ganda ng panahon

Masarap maglaro ngayon.

2. Malapit na ang tag-ulan,

Mag-ipon ng kailangan.

3. Walang matimtimang birhen

Sa matiyagang manalangin.

4. Huwag magmatsin,

Kung di marunong bumitin.

5. Walang matigas na batong buhay

Sa matiyagang patak ng ulan.

6. Bahay man ay bato’y ang natahan ay kuwago,

Manapa’y isang kubo na ang natahan ay tao.

7. Ang kahoy, babad man sa tubig, kapag sa apoy ay

Malapit at nadadarang ng init, sapilitang magdirikit.

15 – Measuring of time, special calendars:

a. 1. By looking at the sun.

2. By the crowing of the cocks.

3. By the sound and voice produced by some birds and insects.

b. Special Calendars:

The people in the olden days learned of a certain event or fiesta by referring to the church and by listening to the sermon of the priest.

16 – No other folktales can be gathered.

[p. 10]

17 – No information on books and documents treating [of] the Philippines and the names of the owners are available.

18 – No authors from the place have been known so far.

Prepared by:


[Sgd.] (Miss) CLARA A. CATILO


[Sgd.] (Mr.) JOSE B ZARA

[Sgd.] (Miss) PAZ G. ABAYA
Principal, Dagatan Elem. School

District Supervisor

Notes and references:
Transcribed from “Report on History and Cultural Life of the Barrio - Mapulo,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.

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