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December 31, 2017

Memo Recognizing the Maculot Battalion, January 1948

The Fil-American Irregular Troops (FAIT) was a large guerrilla organization formed by the retired American officer Hugh Straughn. It had many units operating around Luzon, including Batangas. Among this was the Maculot Battalion which operated in the town of Cuenca, Batangas. The unit was among those that were officially recognized as elements of the Philippine Army in the service of the Armed Forces of the United States in the Western Pacific during World War II. In this document1, one Major General Geo F. Moore of the United States Army issued a memorandum revoking the earlier published recognition of the Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, of which the Maculot Battalion was part; and re-issuing new recognition to the Cuenca-based group as well as the San Jose, Batangas Guerrillas.

[p. 1]

GSCPU 091 PI Jan 5, 1948



: Revocation, Folsom's Fil-American Guerrillas, and Recognition of San Jose Batangas Guerrillas and Maculot Battalion

: Chief of Staff
   Armed Forces of the Philippines
   Camp Murphy, Quezon City

1. Extensive reinvestigation and reconsideration of the 1st Regiment, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, a guerrilla unit recognized by The Commanding General, AFWESPAC, on 29 November 1945 with a strength of 4,951 for the period of 31 January 1945 through 26 September 1945, has developed that there existed insufficient justification for the original recognition of this unit.

2. During this reinvestigation, full and just consideration was given to each individual listed on the unit rosters. With the exception of 193 men in the 4th Battalion and 512 men in the 5th Battalion, the investigation revealed that the unit’s claimed record of service was not substantiated by sufficient acceptable evidence. There was unsatisfactory proof that the unit made any material contribution to the war effort. Scrutiny of rosters indicated that they were composed largely of:

a. Individuals residing permanently in their homes, who did not make any active military contribution.

b. Individuals who failed, rightfully so, to be recognized with other units.

c. Individuals who were recruited after the termination of military operations in their area.

3. It is, therefore, announced that the existing recognition of all 4,951 presentedly listed members of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Battalions, 1st Regiment, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, is revoked. Each member thereof is declared in the status of an unrecognized guerrilla without any period of recognition whatsoever and denied and and all rights and privileges that pertain or may later pertain to a member of the Philippine Army in the service of the Armed Forces of the United States.

4. As a result of the revocation of the 1st Regiment, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, the 1st and 5th Battalion, being an integral part, are not recognized as a component part of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The casualty rosters of the 1st and 5th Battalions, Folsom’s

[p. 2]

Fil-American Guerrillas, are revoked in name only. It is recommended that the recognized casualties of the 1st Battalion in a strength of 25 members be made a matter of record by the issuance of appropriate orders recognizing those individuals for the periods of recognition originally authorized. Remaining casualties are recognized either by individual orders or paragraph 5 of this letter.

5. With reference to paragraph 2, this letter, the units listed below are recognized by the Commanding General, Philippines-Ryukyus Command, as having been authorized elements of the Philippine Army, serving with the Armed Forces of the United States.

Unit Strength Period of Recognition
San Jose Batangas Guerrillas 193 15 March 1945 to 26 Sep 1945
Maculot Battalion 512 4 March 1945 to 26 Sep 1945
Maculot Battalion Casualty Roster 62 The period of recognition for each individual will extend from the date of induction or the date the unit was recognized, whichever is later, to the date the individual died, both dates inclusive.  In cases where individuals enter a casualty status prior to the recognition date of the unit, their period of recognition will be the date entered casualty status only.

All personnel appearing on the roster of the above-listed units who have been previously processed and paid with either the 4th or 5th Battalion, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, for the above-listed periods of recognition, are not entitled to further remuneration for this period.

6. Under the provisions of Executive Order No. 21, by the President of the Commonweatlh of the Philippines, dated 26 October 1944, the status of the members of these units, during the period above specified, was that of officers and enlisted men on the Philippine Army.

7. Under the provisions of Executive Order No. 68, by the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines, dated 26 September 1945, all officers and enlisted men of this unit, other than those who are members of the Regular Force or the Reserve Force of the Philippine Army, will be considered as having been discharged from the Philippine Army as of 26 September 1945.

[p. 3]

8. It is requested that the rosters of the revoked 1st Regiment, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, be withdrawn from your file of recognized units and returned to this headquarters.

Major General, U.S. Army

2 Incls:

1 – Roster of San Jose Batangas Guerrillas (in duplicate)
2 – Roster of Maculot Battalion (in duplicate)

Lt Col Wallace M. Hanes:

1. Recognition of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th & 5th Bns, 1st Regt, Folsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas, granted by letter, Hq AFWESPAC, dtd 29 Nov 45, has been revoked.

2. Reinvestigation has proved that the unit did not fulfill the five basic points for recognition. The original recognition was erroneous.

3. 705 members of the 4th and 5th Bns are worthy of recognition as members of independent guerrilla units. These individuals are reinstated as members of the following independent guerrilla units.

Unit Strength Period of Recognition
San Jose Batangas Guerrillas 193 15 March 1945 to 26 Sep 1945
Maculot Battalion 512 4 March 1945 to 26 Sep 1945

4. Members of the San Jose, Batangas Guerrillas have been neither processed nor paid.

5. Members of the Maculot Battalion have been paid as recognized members of the 5th Bn, 1st Regt, Folsom’s Fil-American Grlas and will receive no further compensation.

6. This action will in no way concern the 95 recognized casualties of the Folsom’s Unit, other than that they will be redesignated as follows:
8 recognized individual orders – no action necessary.
25 1st Bn, 1st Regt, FFAG to be reinstated on orders issued by AFP. (individual recognition for record purposes).
62 redesignated Maculot Bn.

[p. 4]

7. Casualty claims of the San Jose, Batangas Guerrillas will be considered individually.

8. This constitutes revocation of the 1st Regt, Filsom’s Fil-American Guerrillas and reinstatement of a part thereof as independent units.

1st Lt Kenneth H. Neubauer

Concur: Capt J O Keider, Chief, Revisions Section

Concur: Maj V Sloan, Chief, Individual Branch

Concur: Capt E R Curtis, Chief, Unit Branch

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Notes and references:

1 MACULOT BATTALION FAIT, File No. 110-67, downloaded from PVAO.

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