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December 31, 2017

Captain Carandang's Report on Jap Activities in Batangas, 3 March 1945

The Luansing Unit Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas were commanded by one Galicano Luansing and known loosely as the “Luansing’s Unit.” This guerrilla outfit was at one time or the other during the Japanese occupation affiliated with the Fil-American Irregular Troops and also the President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas. By the time the Allied forces return to the Philippines, it was operating independently. This unit assisted the United States Army in campaigns against the Japanese forces from Balayan, Batangas Town, Lipa, Rosario and San Juan. In this document1, one Capt. Teborcio Carandang filed a report on Japanese activities in Rosario, San Juan, Taysan and Lipa.

Headquarters, 1st Infantry
In the Field

3 March 1945

: Intelligence Report
: The Regimental Commander, 1st Infantry, USAFFE

1. Rosario – No Japanese forces are stationed in Rosario since Feb. 25. The Military Police and Garrisons of Lipa burned down the houses of the main town of Rosario on March 2.

2. San Juan – A squad of Japs armed with rifles stationed in the main town. Rumors had been reported that the Japs are now busy building barbed wire entanglements around the town but verification of this report is not yet available. No atrocities and brutalities have been committed.

3. Taysan – No Japs are stationed in there and no enemy activities are reported.

4. 18 Japanese armed with rifles stationed in the main town armed with rifles. Sustenance is maintained by the town mayor. No atrocities and brutalities have been done.

5. Lipa – Wholesome [wholesale] massacre of the civilians in the barrio of Anilao, about 300 plus from Labak Anilao. The civilians were tricked, gathered in Rose Packing and machine-gunned. These acts were done by the Military Police of Lipa armed with rifles and machine rifles. There is a report that there is a machine gun unit stationed in Rose Packing the strength of which could not be ascertained as they have a daily routine of going in and out of the said station and roaming around the different barrios.

Capt., Guer., Inf.
C. O., Hq. and Hq. Co.

– 1st Indorsement –

TO: The Commanding Officer, Batangas Guerrillas

1. Forwarded for information and appropriate action.

Lt. Col., Guer., Inf.

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Notes and references:

1 “Luansing Unit, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas,” File No. 63, downloaded from PVAO.

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