US Army Letter Informing Macasaet of the Bravo Corps' Non-Recognition, July 1946 - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

US Army Letter Informing Macasaet of the Bravo Corps' Non-Recognition, July 1946

The Bravo Guerrilla Corps of the Philippines was an organization that supposedly operated in Lipa during the Japanese occupation of the country up to liberation. It was commanded by one Emilio Bravo Macasaet. In this document1, one 2nd, Lt. Col. W. P. Moore of the United States Army wrote to Macasaet to inform him that the Bravo Guerrilla Corps had not been favorably considered for recognition.

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Guerrilla Files jpeg

APO 707

1 JULY 1946

Emilio Bravo Macasaet
2364 Juan Luna, Int. 46,
Avellana Rd., Galangin
Tondo, Manila

Dear Mr. Macasaet,

The “Bravo Guerrilla Corps of the Philippines,” purporting to be a guerrilla organization under your nominal control, is not favorably considered for recognition as an element of the Philippine Army.

A general set of requirements for guerrilla recognition, established by General MacArthur during the liberation of the Philippines, has been used as a guide in considering the record of this unit. After careful investigation and full consideration of all available substantiating records and testimony of witnesses having pertinent knowledge, recognition of this guerrilla unit is not deemed to be warranted because of the reasons mentioned below:

a. The unit was not maintained satisfactorily in the field in opposition to the enemy.

b. Activities of the unit did not contribute materially to the eventual defeat of the enemy.

c. A definite organization was not established.

d. Rank of members was considered to be too high for the actual size of the command maintained in the field.

e. The number of officers, commissioned and non-commissioned, was excessive and not reasonably proportionate to United States Army or to prewar Philppine Army tables of organization.

f. Performance of the units did not indicate adequate control by its leaders, because the sphere of operation and unit strength claimed by the unit were commensurate due to limitation of communication facilities.

g. Unit did not show satisfactory continuity of activity and organization.

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i. Members of the unit did not devote their entire effort to military activities in the field to the exclusion of normal civilian occupation and family obligations.

j. Many members apparently lived at home, supporting their families by means of farming or other civilian pursuits, and assisted the guerrilla unit on a part time basis only.

k. Record of service was not substantiated by sufficient acceptable evidence.

It is requested that you comply with the provisions of Executive Order No. 68, by the President of the Philippines, dated 26 September 1945, copy attached.

Sincerely yours,

Lt. Col., AGD
Ass’t Adj Gen

1 Incl:

Executive Order No. 68

Notes and references: 1 “Bravo Guerrilla Corps of the Philippines,” online at the United States National Archives.

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