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December 29, 2017

Intelligence Report on the Japanese Army Presence in Some Towns of Batangas

The Lipa Guerrilla Regiment used to be known as the “Second Batangas Regiment” when it was affiliated with the Marking’s Guerrillas of Marcos Agustin. It was formed by a former USAFFE officer named Felino Paran. Upon Paran’s capture by the Japanese, command was assumed by Miguel Lina and became known as the “Lipa Guerrilla Unit.” The organization ultimately failed to collectively gain official recognition by the United States Army, but some of its members did get this coveted accolade. In this page1 is a transcription of an intelligence report filed by the Lipa Guerrilla Unit on the presence and activities of the Japanese Imperial Army in the towns of Nasugbu, Balayan, Cuenca, Alitagtag, Batangas and Bauan.

JOINT COMMAND OF LAGUNA, TAYABAS, BATANGAS
[Unreadable] OF THE ASSISTANT CHIEF
INTELLIGENCE UNIT

In the field
23 Sept. 44

TO

SUBJECT
: THE CHIEF
   Intelligence Division
: Report

I have the honor to submit the following report:
Locations of garrisons:
1. Nasugbu, Central Don Pedro
2. Balayan, Poblacion
3. Cuenca, Poblacion (Elementary School building)
4. Alitagtag, Poblacion (Elementary building)
5. Batangas, Poblacion, High School Building
6. Bauan, Beach
Approximate Strength:
1. Nasugbu – about 500
2. Balayan – undetermined
3. Cuenca – still undetermined
4. Alitagtag – about one thousand
5. Batangas – undetermined
6. Bauan – about one platoon
Unit:
1. Nasugbu – mixed infantry and tank
2. Balayan – infantry
3. Cuenca – artillery
4. Alitagtag – Head office of the Cuenca branch
5. Batangas – mixed motorized, infantry and tank unit
6. Bauan - infantry
Habitual movement:

Nasugbu unit – patrol of the coast from Lemery to Nasugbu including Tagaytay area
Balayan – patrol of the same area in coordination with Nasugbu unit
Cuenca – Stationary, except occasional patrol of a few infantry attached to the said unit
Alitagtag – Stationary, as head office
Batangas – patrol of the eastern towns of Batangas
Bauan – Remnant of the former garrison stationed in the Poblacion

Attention is also invited to the fact that these stations or garrisons are not permanent because it appears to be one of their tactics to move from one place to another as suits their current activities.

Respectfully submitted,
B-19



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Notes and references:

1 “Lipa Guerrilla Regiment Paran’s Unit,” File No. 23, online at PVAO.


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