The Orana Guerrrilla Unit was an independent guerrilla organization that was spawned and operated in the area of Barrio Durungao, San Luis, Batangas. It was commanded by one Jeremias Orana In this page is a transcription1 of alleged history of the Orana Unit as submitted to the United States Army with the unit’s application for official recognition.
OF THE ORANA GUERRILLA UNIT
AND THE ACTIVITIES PRIOR AND AFTER
THE COMING OF THE AMERICAN LIBERATING
ACTIVITIES DURING AND AFTER THE
ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICAN LIBERATING FORCES:
intelligence and patriotism. He, together with his trusted men, stayed in the vicinity of Durungao playing hide and seek with the Japanese for around 14 days. On 3 February, Lt. Cabello captured a field phone operated by the Japanese soldiers. On 14 February 1945, he returned to the headquarters with the duly accomplished plan of the Japanese position in Durungao, which plan included the latter’s position, the number of men (around 800), the position of their munitions, cannons and other strategic military importance. For this bravery, Lt. Cabello was duly promoted to Captain. On the same day, while he was patrolling together with his men at about 1:00 P.M., in the vicinity of Mozon, Pacifico, San Luis, Batangas, he encountered the Japanese burning the houses. While they were watching the burning houses, a company of Japanese soldiers approached their place. They fired at the Japanese and exchange of fire was made around five minutes, but because of [the] inferiority of arms and munitions, Lt. Cabello (then already Captain) ordered his men to retreat. However, Sgt. Iluminado de Claro was captured.
until 20 March 1945. Our headquarters had resorted to this mass campaign, because our high-ranking officers realized the dangerous situation lying ahead of innocent civilians. Authoritative news of the fact that the Japanese snipers used to kill civilians that they found on their way. Even women and children were mercilessly massacred. Old and helpless people were bayoneted and newly-born babies were pounded on the mortars. In this campaign, our men killed another two Japanese soldiers and captured one box of hand grenades and one leather bag containing important Japanese papers and instruments.
ORAÑA GUERRILLA COMMAND
(Lt. Col. Infantry)
Notes and references:
1 “Orana Guerrilla Unit,” online at the United States National Archives.