The Fil-American Irregular Troops or FAIT was a large guerrilla organization founded by the retired United States Army Colonel Hugh Straughn and had many affiliate units in Southern Luzon, including Batangas. The 6th Infantry Regiment, McKinley Division, which operated in the town of Lemery, was one of these. In this page is a transcription1 of the purported history and activities of the 6th Regiment, McKinley Division, as submitted to the Guerrilla Affairs Division of the US Army Western Pacific as part of the latter’s application for official recognition.
FIL-AMERICAN IRREGULAR TROOPS UNDER COL. STRAUGHN
0-2515 U.S.A., MCKINLEY DIVISION
30 22-caliber rifles
24 homemade guns (paltik)
the rest were armed with Batangas knives, bolos and spears
1. Cotton plantations in Batangas Towns.
2. Destroyed bridges, namely Silonay, Balisong Bridge, Km. 12 Naujan road.
3. Lipa Airfield (stole plane parts, tools, etc.)
4. Nazaretto shipyard (stole machine parts, bolts, nuts, nails, etc.) Location of this Jap shipyard was radioed to U.S. bomber that set it ablaze on December 11, 1944. Three civies were wounded by bursting shrapnel.
5. Telephone wires strung between the towns of Taal and Lemery, San Luis, and between Abra de Ilog and Puerto Galera to Baco.
6. Jap trucks: one was sent down when the Silonay Bridge was sabotaged, for several posts were sawed to a point where the weight of a passing truck would send it crashing below the river. Three Japs were killed while trying to swim to the banks.
7. S.S. Legaspi anchored at Sabang, Puerto Galera, was stripped of its 74 horse-power generator, its machine and screws, which were taken to barrio Matingain, Lemery by Capt. E. Mendoza of the 6th Inf. FAIT.
8. Castor oil seed plantation at Km 2 Calapan, where the plants were stolen and uprooted from time to time, climaxed by the shooting down of its overseer.
9. Alcohol and motor oil were stolen by FAIT from time to time, and those left were mixed with saltwater, resulting in Jap trucks being stalled on the highways.
1. Kept continuous contact with other guerrilla units, namely PQOG in Cuenca and Alitagtag, Folsom Fil-Americans under Col. Pedro Pasia, Veloncio Unit in Mindoro, Rufe’s Guerrilla Unit in southern Mindoro, Hunters-ROTC, Peralta’s Panay Guerrillas thru Lt. Jose Blanco and Lt. Arturo Encarnado, Nasugbu Fil-Americans and the 9th Inf. Fil-Americans in Calaca, the Vulcan Regiment, the nucleus of the Kanluran Unit.
2. Sent intelligence reports to Pasig from time to time.
3. Sent propaganda couriers to Manila to gather morale-boosters.
4. Sent guards along beaches to spy on the movements of Jap ships and possible contacts with U.S. submarines.
5. Sent men to Lipa Airfield as workers in order to ascertain the constructions, number of planes and Jap soldiers stationed at said airfield.
6. Sent men to work at Nazaretto shipyard in order to ascertain the number of Japs stationed there, to find out the number of boats being built, and to map out the general location of the place for transmittal to U.S. planes at the right time.
6th Inf. FAIT Cmdr.
Notes and references:
1 “6th Infantry Regt, McKinley Division, FAIT,” File No. 275-13, online at the United States National Archives.