The Pandita Unit was a guerrilla organization organized in the town of Bauan, Batangas. It was supposedly affiliated with the 6th Military District under Col. Macario Peralta which was based in the island of Panay in the Visayas. Also affiliated with this district is the Lobo Unit, the documents of which are also posted in this web site. In this particular document1 is a transcription of a short history of the Pandita Unit as it was submitted to the United States Army in the unit’s application for official recognition.
Pandita Area (DI D COMB. FLA 6" MD)
Temp. Attached to BATTERY "D" 382nd AAA AW Bn)
HEADQUARTERS, 1st Regt. Guerrilla
In the Field
: HISTORY OF THE ORGANIZATION
: U.S. ARMY TRAINING GROUP
that a more efficient and faster way was for reports to be forwarded to the Mindoro Headquarters, and then relayed to Panay where they were sifted and classified. So, in May 1944, we started forwarding our intelligence reports to Lt. Col. E. L. Jurado of the Mindoro Headquarters. Throughout all this time, however, we had been trying to improve our organization and operation so we could function like a well-oiled machine, while keeping our activities as much as possible from the notice of the enemy. We were given valuable suggestions in this regard by both headquarters at Panay and Mindoro.
Francisco Gran, composed of about 450 officers and men, fought an engagement with a bigger number of Japanese soldiers in Barrio Maynaga, Mabini. We fought for three days, after which all the Japanese were either killed or wounded. At the end of three days, we counted approximately seven hundred Japanese dead. On March 18, Sgt. Egmidio Guevarra, with eight men, was sent to Duruñgao to verify the presence of some Japanese soldiers in that place. Upon learning that the report was true, I dispatched Lt. Gran with 150 men to wipe out the Japs. We fought them right on the beach of Duruñgao, Mabini. They had Q-boats with them and had dug in. In this engagement, 15 Japanese were killed and the rest were able to escape to the mountains. We captured the Q-boats, and upon order of the Americans, we burned them. On March 27, we fought with a firmly-entrenched enemy in Barrio Bolo, but we were able to kill only one Japanese soldier and captured a Japanese saber. On April 5, Lt. Gregorio Fider, with 250 men, accompanied by Lt. Henfield of Batter “D” 382ndAAA AW BN, fought an engagement on a narrow pass going to Lipa. The engagement lasted five days, at the end of which time, Lt. Henfield and his men were ordered by their CO, CAPT. PRESLOCK, to go ahead to Lipa and mop up the remnants of the enemy. From Lipa, the Americans proceeded to Lucena with some of my officers and men. My officers returned to headquarters after a short stay in Lucena, while the boys joined up with the battery, and until now have not yet returned.
Commanding Officer, Pandita Area
(DI D COMB. FLA 6" MD)
Notes and references:
1 “Pandita Area, Free Luzon Intelligence Echelon, 6th MD, [Folder 4],” online at the United States National Archives.
2 “Commander Nicholson” was the alias of US Navy Commander George Rowe, sent to Mindoro by SWPA in a mission called “Mission ISRM (I Shall Return MacArthur), essentially to pave the way for the invasion of the Philippines. He was not the commander of the SWPA.