The Pandita Unit was a guerrilla organization organized in the town of Bauan, Batangas. It was supposedly affiliated with the 6th Military District under Col. Macario Peralta which was based in the island of Panay in the Visayas. Also affiliated with this district is the Lobo Unit, the documents of which are also posted in this web site. In this particular document1 is a transcription of a reconsideration report filed by one Lt. Manzano from the PHILRYCOM of the United States Army related to the Pandita Area unit’s request for official recognition.
FREE LUZON AREA SIXTH MILITARY DISTRICT
1. In accordance with verbal instructions received on 3 September 1947 from Captain E R Curtis, Chief, Unit Branch, G-3, Guerrilla Affairs Division, Headquarters PHILRYCOM, Lieutenant J H Manzano undertook the investigation for the reconsideration of the Pandita Area, DI Combat, Free Luzon Area, Sixth Military District.
3. ALLEGED HISTORY:
was an intelligence unit, the type of information procured by the unit seemed valueless as may be seen by the attached samples (See Inclosure 6). Furthermore, the intelligence reports of the unit were forwarded to Panay; since the distance was so great between Batangas and Panay, the reports were almost obsolete by the time they reached the Sixth Military District Headquarters for transmission to GHQ, SWPA. This system remained in effect from December 1943 to December 1944. Colonel Denny Flores, unit Commander, also realized that the distance was too great and that this, coupled with transportation difficulties, made his intelligence reports of no value.
in combat operations up to the time they were attached to the 382nd AAA AW Bn, US Army, on 8 March 1945. All combat reports are dated after 8 March 1945. The unit was allowed to accompany American patrols and were armed only when such missions were assigned. Upon return to the camp area, the weapons had to be returned to the using unit. However, [the] main duties of the unit consisted of labor and installation guards. Colonel Denny Flores claims that his unit accounted for approximately 1,000 Japanese as having been killed in action. His official records, however, indicate that the Pandita Guerrillas accounted for approximately 152 Japanese in conjunction with patrols conducted with the US Army troops (See Inclosure 5). The claimed strength of the unit (1650 members) is considered to be too large for the amount of activities credited the unit. The unit claims but six fatalities in [the] line of duty or killed in action.
5. POLITICAL ASPECTS:
political channels instead of normal military channels.
2 - Request for Reconsideration dtd 15 Nov 46
3 - Unit History
4 - Unit Casualties
5 - Combat Activities
6 - Intelligence Reports
7 - Recognized Roster
Notes and references:
1 “Pandita Area, Free Luzon Intelligence Echelon, 6th MD, [Folder 4],” online at the United States National Archives.