C. During and After World War II
Outbreak of World War II
Monday, December 8, 1941 will forever remain in the memory of the people of Tingloy for it marked the outbreak of World War II in our country and consequently paved the way for the Japanese occupation of the Philippines for a period of four years. Several months before the Japanese bombing of strategic military installations and bases in the Philippines, the simple folks of Tingloy were already made war-conscious. Somehow, they were getting wind of the critical situations in Europe and the peace negotiations going on in Washington between the late President F.D. Roosevelt and the Japanese Peace Ambassador Saburu Karusu. The Tingloy people, so simple in their own ways, got jittery on reading the daily news headlines heralding nothing but war and war clouds hovering dangerously over the Pacific. Emergency evacuation centers were prepared for any eventuality. There were blackout practices in barrios, towns and cities. Young men, trainees, and reservists were drafted and called to render active military service. All those things really made the people of Tingloy believe that war was to break out in any moment. This it did, spreading misery, suffering, and death.
Tingloy then became very well known to people from different places at the outbreak of the war. It had been converted to an emergency port of call and landings due to the many evacuees going to the Visayas and even Mindanao. It became a commercial center, too, since sailboats making trips to the Visayas and the Bicol regions often dropped anchor to dispose their goods and wares. So, in spite of the war and since nearly all the Tingloy people then residing in other places returned to join their home folks. Tingloy was converted [in] a fortnight from a quiet little barrio to a happy, buzzing town. However happy they seemed, there happened so often many mad scrambles and wild scampering to the hills, creeks, and ravines whenever the people heard the advent of a Japanese launch purposely coming to catch chickens, pigs and whatever things that were pleasing to them. When the bowlegged Nippons reached the shore, the whole barrio of Tingloy was like a ghost community sleeping very soundly in broad daylight. So, the khaki-clad Japs were free to ransack whichever corner they pleased for the scared inhabitants never would return from their hiding
places until after their unwelcome guests had gone.
During all those days of worry and uncertainty, the people of Tingloy devoted almost all of their time to the economic exploitation of practically every available lot in the lowlands as well as on the hillsides. Rice and corn where the principal food crops raised, but there was not sufficient supply for the great demand of the natives of Tingloy, plus the great numbers of evacuees who had come over from the mainland of Luzon. Thanks, however, to the cassava which had come to the rescue, otherwise, so many of the people would have died of want and starvation.
The school was never open for classes during the whole period of [the] Japanese occupation. But the school building and the Home Economics Building did not escape foraging done by the squint-eyed Nipponese. The books in store in shelves and aparadors, chairs, tables and desks were destroyed and used for fuel by the invaders. So great was the destruction that when the school was opened on April 15, 1945, only but the remnants of the school supplies and equipment were found.
9. a. Destruction of Lives, Properties, and Institutions During Wars, especially in 1896-1900 and 1941-1945.
b. Measures and accomplishments toward rehabilitation and reconstruction following World War II.
(1) Tennis Court
Upon the arrival of the American liberating forces, the people of Tingloy joined hands to pool together their resources to effect some rehabilitation and reconstruction work in the community. Through an intensive campaign to raise funds for the barrio fiesta in August, 1945, the amount of more than four thousand pesos was realized. After the celebration
the community realized a balance profit of a little over nine hundred pesos. It was agreed that the amount be spent in building the tennis court in the Tingloy Elementary School campus. The amount was not enough, however, since the cost of the construction of the court reached and amount of one thousand six hundred pesos. To raise the needed amount, some members of the Tingloy Athletic Club, then active during that time, contributed to complete the project construction. So, the tennis court was completed and inaugurated in April, 1946.
Several years later, and added project adjacent to the tennis court was made. It was the erection of the concrete stage donated by Mayor Jose Daite of Bauan. The erection was pushed through the initiative and effort of the youth organization, “Tanglaw ng Kabataan.” This organization was founded as early as 1943 and founded by the late Perpetuo Napenas, Sr. The stage is one of the standing and living accomplishments of the “Tanglaw ng Kabataan.” It is a legacy which is handed down to children and youth of Tingloy now and in the years ahead still to come.
2. P.T.A. Building
10. Traditions, Customs, and Practices in Domestic and Social Life
Birth and Baptism
The birth of a child to a family, most especially if it be the first in the clan, is always hailed with great jubilation. This is true whether the child is born of a rich or a poor family. The parents of the newly born child deliberate on the question of selecting the sponsor. The selection of the sponsor is often done with great care and secrecy. The father of the child will then approached and notify the would-be sponsor. The date of christening will then be decided.
The sponsor is bound by social obligation established and practiced by the previous generations to share with the expenses incurred during the baptismal party. The amount of expenditures varies from a few pesos in poor families to several hundreds in [the] case of well-to-do clans. A party
is prepared. Eats and drinks are served and the merrymaking sometimes lasts for a whole day. Amidst the joy of the happy celebration, the sponsor usually showers coins of different denominations. The coins are tossed as high as possible, which means that the child should grow in wealth, power, and abundance. The party is usually culminated by a dance (modern dances) or the traditional “Pandanggo sa Ilaw.”
Courtship and Marriage
There are two types of courtship practiced in the locality. They may be classified as the ancient and the modern. In the ancient or olden type of courtship, the parents of the young folks are the ones doing the courting and love-making to the parents of the girl of their heart’s desire. Sometimes, the young people are entirely ignorant of what is taking place among their parents. Usually, these parent-to-parent courtship is expressed in terms of presence or gifts, labor, etc., for it is only in very rare cases may be found a young man’s father so bold enough to speak directly to the maiden’s father of his true and sincere intentions. Generally, this method of courtship is very long and winding. Too many young people of today, this is queer and very funny. They say that more democracy and liberty should be given the young people when it comes love-making and courtship.
In the new or modern type of courtship, the young lovers are given much freedom to fix and make up things by themselves. Then, they refer the matter to their elders. If the elders of both parties agree, the wedding follows within a few days. If, however, the contrary happens, the young lovers often finish the course through the elopement channel.
Death and Burial
When someone dies in the community, the people, relatives or not off the deceased, voluntarily flock in groups to pay their last homage to the one who departed. Everyone shares the grief of the bereaved family. Some offer their help by giving whatever amount they can afford, others offer wreaths and flowers and last but not least, are the prayers set by the female ones for the salvation and eternal repose of the departed soul.
The funeral services then follow. The remains placed in [a] bier is taken to the church. The reverend father gives the last rites in the midst of the chanting of prayers and the sorrowful pealing of the church bells. This being done, the funeral procession proceeds to the graveyard where the remains are laid to rest.