December 8, 2018

Part IV: US Military Operations in Batangas from 1901-02 during the Fil-American War
Image source: Sandra Plummer Collection of the Forth Worth Digital Library.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source: Sandra Plummer Collection of the Forth Worth Digital Library.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Philippine-American War, US Army in the Philippines, US Volunteers, American military operations in Batangas, Fil-Am War in Batangas, Lipa Batangas, Nasugbu Batangas, Batangas City Batangas, Taysan Batangas, San Luis Batangas]
This is the fourth installment of a series of articles providing details of the Philippine-American War – at least from the American point of view – as it was fought in Batangas from 1901 to 1902. The details of these operational actions of the United States Army are taken from annual report1 of the United States War Department published in 1902.

December 7, 2018

Particulars of Mataasnakahoy’s Separation from Lipa in 1932
Ramon F Velasquez [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons.
Image source:  Ramon F. Velasquez [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], from Wikimedia Commons.
[In this article: Batangas Province, Mataasnakahoy Batangas, History of Mataasnakahoy, Kasaysayan ng Mataasnakahoy, Ceferino Capuchino, George Butte, Municipal President, Lipa Batangas]
Batangas History continues the series on the local history of Mataasnakahoy based on the narrative of one Ceferino Capuchino in 19981. This is the series’ third installment. Readers who have not seen the previous articles may wish to read these first. The articles are archived under the Community History section of the main menu at the top of this page.

December 5, 2018

When “Fishes were cooked in the Lake” – the 1716 Taal Volcano Eruption
Image extracted from a 1912 edition of the National Geographic Magazine.
Image extracted from a 1912 edition of the National Geographic Magazine.
[In this article: Taal Volcano facts, Taal Volcano history, Taal Volcano trivia, 1716 Taal Volcano eruption, base surge, pyroclastic eruption, tephra, phreatomagmatic eruption, seiche, Fr Manuel de Arce]
Eruptions of Taal Volcano, that picturesque but deadly killer within a lake in the Province of Batangas, have been previously featured in Batangas History, most notably those of 1749, 1754 and the more recent one of 1911. The 18th century was a particularly active one for reputedly the world’s smallest active volcano. There are no less than nine eruptions on record1 for the 1700s at the official web site of the Philippine institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).

December 4, 2018

Old Beliefs about Birth, Baptism, Love, Weddings, Death and Burial in Lemery, Batangas
Image source:  RGBStock.
Image source:  RGBStock.
[In this article: Batangas province, Lemery Batangas, beliefs and superstitions, old customs, marriage beliefs, baptism beliefs, beliefs about love, beliefs about death, beliefs about burial, historical data Lemery]
In this article, we feature a collection of old customs and beliefs in the Batangas town of Lemery as contained in the so-called “historical data1,” documents solicited by the administration of President Elpidio Quirino from Department of Education districts around the country in 1951 to reconstruct local histories that might have been destroyed in World War II.

December 2, 2018

Japanese WWII Atrocities in Bauan, Cuenca, Lipa, Mataasnakahoy, San Jose, Santo Tomas, Rosario, Taal and Tanauan
Likely a US Army war crimes investigator at a shallow grave in Lipa in 1945.  Image source:  United States National Archives.
Likely a US Army war crimes investigator at a shallow grave in Lipa in 1945.  Image source:  United States National Archives.
[In this article: Japanese World War II atrocities, Batangas Province, Bauan Batangas, Cuenca Batangas, Lipa Batangas, Mataasnakahoy Batangas, San Jose Batangas, Santo Tomas Batangas, Rosario Batangas, Tanauan Batangas Tomoyuki Yamashita]
In a previous article, Batangas History already featured some atrocities committed in Batangas towards the end of the Japanese occupation which were contained in the Bill of Particulars used to charge the Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita with war crimes. The details of these crimes were as cited in a book written by one Lt. Colonel Aubrey Saint Kentworthy in 19541.

November 30, 2018

Part III: US Military Operations in Batangas from 1901-02 during the Fil-American War
American troops during inspection in Batangas Town.  Image source:  Sandra Plummer Collection of the Fort Worth Library Digital Collection.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
American troops during inspection in Batangas Town.  Image source:  Sandra Plummer Collection of the Fort Worth Library Digital Collection.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Philippine-American War, US Army in the Philippines, US Volunteers, American military operations in Batangas, Fil-Am War in Batangas, Taysan Batangas, Mt. Makiling, Cuenca Batangas, Nasugbu Batangas, Taal Batangas]
We continue with the series on the operations of the United States Army in Batangas from 1901 to 1902, during the Philippine-American War. The information continued in this article is taken from an annual report of the United States War Department1. Brief details are presented in snippets arranged in chronological order, as they similarly appear in the original War Department document.

November 29, 2018

Brief Descriptions of the Towns of Batangas in 1902
Image source:  John Tewell on Flickr.
[In this article: Batangas City, Balayan, Bauan, Calaca, Calatagan, Cuenca, Ibaan, Lemery, Lian, Lipa, Nasugbu, Lobo, San Luis, Santo Tomas, Rosario, San Juan de Bocboc, Taal, Tuy, Taysan, Talisay Batangas, American colonial era]
A 1902 publication entitled “A Pronouncing Gazetteer and Geographical Dictionary of the Philippine Islands1” devoted an entire section to the Province of Batangas, and it is from this that we are able to extract historical information about the state of the province’s 22 towns at the time. The year 1902 was still at the dawn of the American colonial era in the Philippines and was, in fact, the year when the Philippine-American War ended.

Mataasnakahoy:  Recovering from the Abaca Decline in the 1920s
An abaca plantation.  Image source:  Davao History Blog.
An abaca plantation.  Image source:  Davao History Blog.
[In this article: Mataasnakahoy Batangas, Kasaysayan ng Mataasnakahoy, Mataasnakahoy history, Ceferino Capuchino, Templo family, Silva family, original settlers Mataasnakahoy, immigrants to Mataasnakahoy, Batangas coffee, barako coffee, coffea Arabica, coffea Liberica, abaca, lanzones, decline of coffee industry in Lipa]

This article is the 3rd of a series based on a history of Mataasnakahoy written in 1998 by Ceferino Capuchino1. In the previous installment, we already talked about how Mataasnakahoy was settled by immigrants from towns and communities surrounding Taal Lake; how the coffee industry went from boom to bust; and how, to make up for the decline in the coffee plantation industry, Mataasnakahoy turned to planting abaca for its fiber.

November 28, 2018

Part II: US Military Operations in Batangas from 1901-02 during the Fil-American War
Image source:  Sandra Plummer Collection, Fort Worth Library Digital Collections. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  Sandra Plummer Collection, Fort Worth Library Digital Collections. Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Philippine-American War, US Army in the Philippines, US Volunteers, American military operations in Batangas, Fil-Am War in Batangas, Taysan Batangas, Lobo Batangas, Batangas City Batangas, Taal Batangas, Lobo Batangas, San Juan de Bocboc, San Juan Batangas, San Jose Batangas, Bauan Batangas]
This article continues Batangas History’s series on the operations of the United States Army in Batangas in 1901-1902 during the Philippine-American War. The information contained herewith is extracted from the Annual Report of the United States War Department1. The report contains snippets of information arranged in chronological order.

Gurumay: a Traditional Game Played in San Jose, Batangas in the 1920s and Earlier
Image source:  Children International.
Image source:  Children International.
[In this article: San Jose Batangas, Batangas Province, traditional Filipino games, traditional children’s games in the Philippines]
From the so-called “historical data” for the town of San Jose in Batangas1, we learn of this obscure and for all intents forgotten children’s game played in the town early during the American colonial era in the Philippines. These “historical data” are documents required in 1951 by the administration of President Elpidio Quirino of Department of Education districts around the Philippines to reconstruct local histories destroyed during the Second World War.

November 23, 2018

The 1908 Killing in Ibaan of a Traveling Peddler and his 12-Year Old Son
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
Image source:  United States Library of Congress.  Colorized courtesy of Algorithmia.
[In this article: Supreme Court of the Philippines, Supreme Court historical cases, American colonial era, Ibaan Batangas, Lipa Batangas, robbery with homicide, premeditation in robbery with homicide]
From the annals of the Supreme Court of the Philippines1, we get this account of the gruesome killing of a traveling salesman from Ibaan as well as his 12-year old son. On the 8th of July in the year 1908, traveling salesman Nicomedes Pasia of the Batangas town of Ibaan, arrived in Pagsanjan, Laguna with his 12-year old son Candido.