January 4, 2018

Pisa, Tingloy, Batangas: Historical Data

Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of Pisa in the Municipality of Tingloy, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.

[Note to the reader.]

At the time when this document was created, the barrio of Pisa, now part of Tingloy, was still a barrio of Bauan. Tingloy was formally separated from the Bauan in the year 1955 after the passage of Republic Act No. 1344.

[p. 1]

HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF PISA

Part I – History

1. Present official name of the barrio – Pisa.

2. Popular name of the barrio:
a. Present – Pisa
b. Past – Pisa

3. Names of sitios:
a. Mahabang Buhangin
b. Nangkaan
c. Pook
d. Bilolohan
e. Canluran
f. Bukal

4. Date of Establishment – During the Spanish regime.

5. Original Families:
a. Valentin Magbuhos
b. Joaquin Garcia
c. Sixto Garcia
d. Nicanor Corona
e. Alejandro Hayag
f. Angel Adame
g. Felipe Garcia

6. List of Tenientes from the earliest time to the present:
a. Valentin Magbuhos
b. Joaquin Garcia
c. Sixto Garcia
d. Cosme Garcia
e. Alejandro Garcia
f. Lope Garcia
g. Fortunata Corona
h. Vidal Carpio
i. Ricardo Garcia
j. Juan Bacay
k. Regino Sandoval

7. Story of old barrio or sitios within the jurisdiction that are now depopulated or extinct.

PISA

Pisa got its name from a big tree grown near the cemetery of the place. The fruit of the said tree is edible so that children often visited it, and very often

[p. 2]

they called it pisa, the name as it is existing at present.

The different sitios of this place were named after the abundance of fruits or plants, for example, Nangkaan. Whenever you visit this place, you find lots of jackfruits. Bilolohan, plenty of bilolo. Mahabang buhangin, [a] long range of white sand along the beach, and the same thing with the other sitios as stated.

From the sitio of Mahabang Buhangin, you will see two small islands a distance of about ½ kilometers from Pisa proper. These two islands are always visited by many fishermen for they are a good place for fishing. They catch the fish by means of hook and line, and sometimes by net. Illegally, they sometimes use dynamite.

So far, the natives of the place name the islands as Pulong Balahibo, and the other one as Malaking Pulo.

List of Resource Persons
1. Cosme Garcia
2. Emilio Garcia
3. Lope Garcia
4. Fortunato Corona
Pisa people are great lovers of knowledge and freedom. One of the inhabitants named Joaquin Garcia, deceased, donated a half (½) hectare of land for school purposes. A temporary building was constructed by the people of the locality at their own expense. In this building, the minds of the youth are properly brought up and their hunger for intellectual adventures are fully satisfied. Because of the teachers’ unselfish devotion to the welfare of the children, the products of this school are as faithful and they become the intelligent inhabitants and voters of the place. The teachers value the children above any natural resources of the land.

8. Data on historical sites, structures, buildings, old ruins, etc. – None.

9. Important facts, incidents or events that took place during the

A. Spanish Occupation

1. Appointment of cabezas
2. Cabezas assigned a person to teach the children of the barrio, [a] little doctrine, writing in Tagalog and Arithmetic.
3. People evacuated to different places. They were afraid of the Spaniards.

[p. 3]

B. 1. Building of schools made of buri and bamboos.
2. Sending of children to school was compulsory.

C. During and after World War II:
1. People in the barrio hid in the forest.
2. When the people were suspected [as] guerrillas, they were killed.

10. Destruction of lives, properties, institutions during wars, especially in 1896-1900 and 1941-1945.

A. Five persons from this barrio were shot to death by the Japanese soldiers, accused of being guerrillas.

B. Measures and accomplishments toward rehabilitation and reconstruction following World War II.

1. Two new school buildings were constructed to accommodate the children seeking admission.



11. Traditions, customs, practices in domestic and social life, birth, baptism, courtship, marriage, death, burial, visits, festivals, punishments, etc.

a. A young man could not marry a young lady unless he gives a dowry or should serve for so many months as the case may be.

b. After the wedding, the couple should stay with their in-laws for two days before they live together.

c. The young couple cannot choose the sponsor of the first baby born to them. It should be at the discretion of both in-laws.

D e a t h

When one dies in the community, all his friends and relatives come to visit and give a certain amount of money which they call “pakandila.”

P u n i s h m e n t

According to the old traditions and beliefs, it is not good to punish a child by tying him with a rope to a post or walls of the house, for when he grows old, he may be liable to imprisonment.

[p. 4]

C o u r t s h i p

A young man courting a lady brings wood, gets water, and helps with all jobs at the home of the lady. If she does not fall in love with him, she tells her parents to stop his helping them or bringing them anything. If the lady is in love with him, she tells the truth to her parents. The parents of the lady tell the young man to bring his parents with him so as to talk about the marriage.

B a p t i s m

A newly-born baby is baptized at once, otherwise, some sort of anitos would take him or play with him, thus making the baby sick.

The godmother or godfather of the baby should possess good characteristics, for according to beliefs, the baby inherits the characteristics of his or her godfather or godmother.

II. Myths, Legends, Beliefs, Interpretations, Superstitions, Origin of the Woodland, Mountains, and other Natural Phenomena.

Similar to those of other barrios of Bauan.

Superstitious Beliefs

1. [The] Expectant mother should not go under the house at noon or else she will have a hard time giving birth to her child.

2. Majority of the people in the barrio believe that when a person is sick, the cause was the “nuno” who is angry.

3. When a person gets ill because of the “nuno,” he or she cannot be injected or else he or she will get worse instead of recover.

4. If you are going on a business journey and you meet a lizard or a pig, do not continue for you will not be lucky. And if you meet a snake, you will be lucky.

Sayings

1. Ang kasipagan ay kapatid ng kayamanan.
2. Ang hipong tulog ay natatangay ng agos.
3. Sa bukas na kaban, natutukso banal man.
4. Walang matigas na tutong sa taong nagugutom.

[p. 5]

5. Ang may sinuksok ay may titingalain.

12. Popular songs, games and amusements

a. Popular songs – Pusu-Pusuan, Tapis mo Inday, Bakya mo Neneng

b. Popular games – Bulaklakan, Ballgames

c. Different amusements –

Harana, Pandango, Subli, Reading of Liwayway, Bulaklak, and newspapers.

R i d d l e s

1. Mahabang-mahabang mabilog
Kuwarto-kuwarto ang loob.

2. Takot ako sa isa, hindi sa dalaw.

3. Anong hayop sa mundo ang bituka ay nasa ulo?

4. Dalawang balahibuhin masarap paglapatin.

Proverbs and Sayings

1. Magsisi na sa agap, huag lamang sa kupad.
2. Aanhin pa ang damo kung patay na ang kabayo?
3. Daig ng maagap ang maliksi.
4. Ang taong nagigipit sa patalim man ay nakapit.

13. Methods of Measuring Time

Time is measured by the crowing of the rooster. It can also be measured by the position of the stars, moon, sun, and by the tides and also by the shadows of the trees and houses.

Prepared by:

SANTIAGO BALITAAN

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Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of Pisa,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.

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