¤ “November 1944, in the town of Lipa, eleven American prisoners of war were murdered by members of the Imperial Japanese Army. Evidence shows that the “Gigo Force” was responsible for this atrocity.
¤ “10 February 1945, in Tanauan, five hundred Filipinos, all civilians, were murdered by members of the Imperial Japanese Army.
¤ “11 February 1945, in Santo Tomas (not the Santo Tomas Prison in the City of Manila), three hundred and fifty Filipino civilians were killed by Japanese soldiers.
¤ “28 February 1945, in the town of Bauan, 328 Filipino civilians were murdered by being placed in a building which was then dynamited and burned. Japanese soldiers led by a Captain Hogino, Commanding Officer of the Bauan garrison, were responsible.
¤ “February 1945, in the town of Manbug4, 50 Filipino civilians were murdered by members of the Imperial Japanese Army.
¤ “26 March 1945, 120 Filipino civilians were murdered in the town of Sulac5. A unit designated as a Motor Transportation Platoon, Supply Company, 86th Airfield Battalion, was responsible. Lieutenant Furusawa Giichi was the Company Commander and Warrant Officer Sato Tamotsu was of the same company. Sergeant Misichita Sochei, of the 3rd Squad of this same platoon, was identified as being a participant in this massacre. He is now a prisoner of war awaiting trial.
¤ “10 April 1945, in the town of Sulac, 70 Filipino civilians were killed by members of the Japanese Army. This massacre was perpetrated by the same soldiers who were responsible for the massacre on 26 March 1945.
¤ “27 April 1945, again in Sulac, 40 additional Filipino civilians were killed by these same soldiers.”
One Filipino woman from the Taal Lake region of Batangas Province testified that she had been held by two Japanese soldiers while two other Japanese soldiers cut out her husband’s tongue because he was unable to give them information, which he did not possess, regarding Filipino guerrillas who had been operating in that neighborhood.
“Numerous women testified that their nursing babies had been torn from their arms, tossed high into the air, and, when falling, were caught upon the up-thrust bayonets of Japanese soldiers nearby.
“Five Filipino men and women testified they had seen more than 400 men women and children herded into a churchyard in the village of Taal, Batangas. The men were sorted in groups of 50, marched to the edge of a well, and there were bayoneted, shot and thrown into the well until it was filled to overflowing with their bodies.
“More than 20 witnesses, men, women and children, testified that during the period from 16 February to 19 March 1945, more than 20,000 persons, mostly Filipinos, were executed by members of the Imperial Japanese armed forces in the city of Lipa.”
“…any army, regardless from what country it comes – England, France or the United States – is bound to have a certain percentage of bad men in it, ones that are difficult to control in ordinary times; but an army in defeat – men who know they have but a few hours, at most a few days, to live, without leaders to lead them and with no thoughts whatsoever of earthly punishment by their own superiors – might easily resort to their primitive urges. I feel the actions of these men did not reflect the lack of morality of their leaders…”
2 “Tomoyuki Yamashita,” Wikipedia.
3 Most of the major details of this article were taken from “The Tiger of Malaya: the Story of General Tomoyuki Yamashita and ‘Death March’ General Masaharu Homma,” by Lt. Col. Aubrey Saint Kenworthy, published 1953.
4 Manbug must have been a barrio in Batangas, although I am unable to find any references to it over the Internet.