The Geronimo Division was a guerrilla outfit operating out of the then-town of Lipa. Its request for official recognition was subsequently denied by the United States Army. In this document1, Thomas J. Brown of the Adjutant’s Office of the Philippine-Ryukyus Command, United States Army, wrote to Ceferino Melo, Commander of the 4th Battalion, 143rd Infantry, Geronimo Division, to inform him of his guerrilla group’s non-recognition by the United States Army.
UNITED STATES ARMY FORCES WESTERN PACIFIC
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDING GENERAL
GSCPG 091 PI
Dear Mr. Melo:
The Commanding General has directed that you be informed that the 4th Battalion, 143rd Infantry, General Geronimo Division, ECLGA, purporting to be a guerrilla organization under your nominal control, is not favorably considered for recognition as an element of the Philippine Army.
A set of general requirements for guerrilla recognition, established by General MacArthur during the liberation of the Philippines, has been used as a guide in considering the record of this unit. After careful investigation and full consideration of all substantiating records and testimony of witnesses having personal knowledge, recognition of this guerrilla unit is not deemed to be warranted because of reasons mentioned below:
a. Record of service was not substantiated by sufficient acceptable evidence.
b. Activities of the unit did not contribute materially to the eventual defeat of the enemy.
c. Unit did not show satisfactory continuity of activity and organization.
d. Members of the unit did not devote their entire effort to military activities in the field to the exclusion of normal civilian occupation and family obligations.
e. Many members apparently lived at home, supporting their families by means of farming or other civilian pursuits, and assisted the guerrilla unit on a part time basis only.
Sincerely yours,THOMAS J. BROWN
ASST ADJ GEN
Lt Col Hugh L. Carnahan:
Max L. Brabson
2nd Lt Inf. 0-1538706 /apa