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January 1, 2018

Achievements of the Major Phillips Unit

The Major Phillips Unit was a guerrilla unit that was founded and operated in or around western Batangas town of Calatagan. It was commanded by one Emilio Macabuag and took its name from a United States Army intelligence officer from whom the guerrilla outfit took directions until the latter was caught and killed by the Japanese. In this document1, the alleged achievements of the Major Phillips Unit are outlined as a supporting document in the guerrilla outfit’s application for official recognition by the United States Army.

[p. 1]

HEADQUARTERS
MAJOR PHILLIPS UNIT
Calatagan Batangas

A C H I E V E M E N T S

(a) INTELLIGENCE OPERATIONS

1. Accomplishment of missions assigned by Major L. H. Phillips in the regions of Batangas and Manila.

(a) Reports on the Japanese positions, fortifications, armaments, number of men, movements, supplies and the policy of the Japs in dealing with the people.

(b) Contacting the different guerrilla units and securing cooperation from them. Bolstering up the morale of the guerrillas and fostering cooperation among them.

(c) Maintenance of widespread intelligence work in the assigned areas; establishment of a secret and fast courier service between Mindoro and Batangas.

2. Establishment of a radio station at Cape Santiago, Calatagan, Batangas. Men of the unit made it possible for its establishment and helped in its maintenance. Men of the Unit also provided its security.

3. Evacuation of four Americans from Batangas to Mindoro through the work and help of the Unit.

4. Making of a detailed map of Jap positions, fortifications, concentrations, movements, armaments, deployments and the conditions of the terrain covering the region from Nasugbu to Lemery, Batangas Province. The map was delivered to Sgt. Donald Ash at San Pedrino Pt., Calatagan, Batangas and brought by PT Boat to Camp Nimitz in Mindoro.

(b) ENCOUNTERS, EXPEDITIONS and PATROLS

1. Encounter with Japs at Mananaw, Paluan, Mindoro on February 17, 1944.

(a) Casualties:

Enemy – 17 men dead and wounded
Our side – none.



[p. 2]

(b) Result – All men in the outpost were able to retire from their position without a single life lost.

2. Patrol sent to cut the Japanese communication lines at Balayan and adjacent positions on January 24, 1945.

(a) Result – All communication lines were cut but there was no encounter with the enemy.

3. Encounter with a Japanese patrol at barrio Talibayog, Calatagan, Batangas on January 27, 1945.

(a) Casualties:

Enemy – none
Our side – 1 killed

(b) Result – The dead body of Lt. Galvez was recovered and nothing was taken by the Japs who immediately retired and called for reinforcement. Our men dispersed and avoided further action.

4. Encounter with a Japanese scouting party at the western part of the town near the dike (Balayan) on February 3, 1945.

(a) Casualties:

Enemy – 2 killed
Our side – none

Result – The enemies were not able to determine the situation in the town of Balayan and contact between the Japanese garrisons on the western side and eastern side was prevented.

5. Patrol at Mt. Pintong Itim, Calatagan, Batangas headed by Capt. Emilio Macabuag.

(a) Casualties:

Enemy – 7 killed
Our side – none

(b) Results – The Japs were forced to move from their positions and moved deeper into the forest or abandoned their positions entirely.

(c) War booties:

5 barrels of powder (Taken by American soldiers who exploded them)
4 Japanese rifles (Given to American soldiers)

6. Raid on the Japanese positions at Karitonan and Santiago, Calatagan, Batangas headed by Capt. Macabuag.

(a) Casualties:

Our side – none
Enemy – 2 killed



[p. 3]

(b) Result – The Japs abandoned their positions and retreated northward to the forest and mountains.

(c) War booties:

1 drum, petroleum, divided among the civilians
4 barrels of powder (These barrels were later exploded by American soldiers)
Land mines and hand grenades (Disposed of by American soldiers)
5 machine guns (4 were taken by [the] Americans and one was left behind
Ammunition

Though the main objective of the Unit was intelligence work, it did not hesitate to engage the enemies whenever there was an opportunity and when the harrassing of the enemies would be of great help for further operations.

[Sgd.] EMILIO MACABUAG
Captain, Commanding Officer

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Notes and references:
1 “MAJOR PHILLIPPS UNIT,” File No. 83, downloaded from PVAO.

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