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December 31, 2017

Lt. Bruce Bromley's Investigative Report on the Luansing Unit, June 1947

The Luansing Unit Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas were commanded by one Galicano Luansing and known loosely as the “Luansing’s Unit.” This guerrilla outfit was at one time or the other during the Japanese occupation affiliated with the Fil-American Irregular Troops and also the President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas. By the time the Allied forces return to the Philippines, it was operating independently. This unit assisted the United States Army in campaigns against the Japanese forces from Balayan, Batangas Town, Lipa, Rosario and San Juan. In this document1, one Lt. Bruce Bromley filed his investigative report related to the Luansing Unit’s request for the revision of recognition dates by the United States Army.

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Report on Luansing Company, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas

1. 2nd Lt Bruce Bromley Jr investigated the unit files, reports of investigation, and statements made by interested and disinterested individuals to determine whether or not Luansing’s Company, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas is worthy of revision of present recognition dates. Luansing’s Company was recognized by letter, Headquarters USAFFE, dated 1 April 1945, FEPA 370.64. Effective date of recognition was 11 February 1945 with a strength of 96 members.

2. HISTORY: (See attached unit file)

3. FINDINGS:

a. The following persons were interviewed and their statements are reflected in the findings:

Col E Adevoso ... CO, Hunters ROTC
Col Q Gellidon ... CO, Grlas attchd to 11th AB
Col V Umali ... CO, PQOG
Maj G Luansing ... CO, Subject Unit
J Recto ... Mayor, Rosario, Batangas
E Mayo ... Mayor, Lipa, Batangas
Maj V Coates ... this headquarters
Lt L Sonders ... this headquarters

b. In reference to the disapproved report of investigation of Capt C. Fernando, formerly of this headquarters, the following recommendation is quoted: “...It is further recommended that the unit’s date of recognition be revised to 8 Jan 1944, on which date this unit was found to be effective and started their hit and run engagement against the Japanese and the Philippine Constabulary.” There is no record of such engagement and there is no allegation to that effect. No affidavits mention the engagement, and further if the engagement in question was substantiated by sufficient acceptable evidence, it, in itself, would not constitute sufficient activity to revise the dates of an entire unit for thirteen months. Capt Fernando’s report was disapproved as being too generous, and it is believed that the recommendation hereabove quoted is also too generous. There is nothing in addition to this single recommendation that is questionable in relation to what action should be recommendation in paragraph (5) of this report.

Evidence submitted to this division as supporting establishes the existence of this unit, but neither proves nor alleges activity of recognizable content. Jorge Espina organized the unit as he organized most Fil-American independent units

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in Batangas. This fact simply emphasizes the existence and emphasizes the developing contention that the unit was inactive until the time of attachment to the American liberating forces. Alleged, during the entire occupation, are but two engagements. These do not demonstrate continuity of activity.

d. In summary, it has been determined by the undersigned that all independent Fil-American units in Batangas are somewhat similar. They no doubt existed as organized groups to such effect that they were prepared for successful attachment when the liberating forces arrived in Nasugbu. Such is the case with the subject. There is no allegation or evidence to dispute the results of these findings. It is, indeed, unfortunate that these units, with an otherwise fine reputation, should so debase themselves by the submission of claims so obviously false.

4. POLITICAL ASPECTS:

This unit has no apparent political aspirations nor affiliations.

5. RECOMMENDATIONS:

It is recommended that the Luansing Company, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas be not favorably considered for revision of present recognition dates.




[Sgd.] BRUCE BROMLEY JR.
2nd Lt, INF





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Notes and references:

1 “Luansing Unit, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas,” File No. 63, downloaded from PVAO.


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