Reasons Why the Talisay PQOG Did Not Gain Recognition, February 1947 - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore Reasons Why the Talisay PQOG Did Not Gain Recognition, February 1947 - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

Reasons Why the Talisay PQOG Did Not Gain Recognition, February 1947

The President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas was a large guerrilla outfit operating in Luzon during the Japanese occupation up to liberation. It had many elements in the different towns of the Province of Batangas, including one that operated out of the lakeside town of Talisay. In this document1, one 2nd Lt. Grant Wilcox, presumably the investigating officer, wrote Captain R. E. Cantrell of the Adjutant General’s Office of the United States Army Philippines-Ryukyus Command outlined to Carlos Mendoza, Commanding Officer of the Talisay Regiment of the PQOG, why his unit did not gain recognition.

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Guerrilla Files

APO 707

GSCPU 091 PI 15 FEB 1947

Mr. Carlos Mendoza
1090 Int 15, Santol,
Sta. Mesa, Manila

Dear Mr. Mendoza:

The Commanding General has directed that you be informed that the 2d Battalion, Talisay Regiment, President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas, purporting to be a guerrilla organization under your nominal control, is not favorably considered for recognition as an element of the Philippine Army.

A set of general requirements for guerrilla recognition, established by General MacArthur during the liberation of the Philippines, has been used as a guide in considering the record of this unit. After careful investigation and full consideration of all substantiating records and full testimonies of witnesses having pertinent knowledge, recognition of this guerrilla unit is not deemed to be warranted because of reasons mentioned below:

a. The unit was not maintained satisfactorily in the field in opposition to the enemy.

b. Activities of the unit did not contribute materially to the eventual defeat of the enemy.

c. A definite organization was not established.

d. Adequate records were not maintained (names, ranks, dates of enlistment or joining, dates of promotions, and necessary related information).

e. Unit did not show satisfactory continuity of activity and organization.

f. Members of the unit did not devote their entire effort to military activities in the field to the exclusion of normal civilian occupation and family obligations.

g. Many members apparently lived at home, supporting their families by means of farming or other civlian pursuits, and assisted the guerrilla unit on a part time basis only.

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h. Record of service was not substantiated by sufficient acceptable evidence.

It is requested that you comply with the provisions of Executive Order No. 68, by the President of the Philippines, dated 26 September 1945, copy attached.

Sincerely yours,

1 Inc:

Executive Order No. 68,
dated 26 September ’45.

Col G. F. Lillard:

1. 2d Battalion, Talisay Regiment, PQOG, consisting of 854 men, has not been favorably considered. No members of this unit has previously been recognized.

2. This unit does not fulfill the requirements of the five basic points for recognition. See Team Leader’s Report on PQOG Command.

3. No useful purpose will be accomplished by further investigation of this unit.

4. There are no members worthy of recognition and a separate casualty roster is submitted.

[Sgd.] 2d Lt. Grant S. Wilcox
[Sgd.] M/Sgt Sebastian G. Songsong

1. Concur in: 1st Lt H. H. Burnett, Actg Chief, Unit Investigation Section
2. Concur in: Lt Col S. J. Palos, Chief, Unit Branch
Notes and references:
1 “2ND BN, TALISAY REGT, I CORPS, PQOG” File No. 271-22, downloaded from PVAO.
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