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January 1, 2018

Memo to PQOG Sector Commanders et. al. on Rondas, February 1945

The President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas (PQOG) was a guerrilla organization which fought the Japanese in World War II. The guerrilla outfit was among those that operated in Southern Luzon, including Batangas. It had many units in the province, one of which was in the eastern Batangas town of San Juan. In this February 1945 document1, one Brig. Gen. Andres D. Umali issued instructions to Sector Commanders, including the San Juan Sector, on the conduction of “rondas” or community patrols.

[p. 1]

Headquarters, Actg. C. G. 1st Corps
In the Field

21 February 1945



: Sector Commanders, Barrio Lieutenants, and Neighborhood Association Presidents and Leaders
1. You are hereby ordered to organize immediately an effective and systematic RONDA in your respective Sector Commands, or Barrios, and/or Districts.

2. In this connection, the following rules and regulations must be followed:

a. All males, ranging from 17 years to 55 years, are obliged to do RONDA duty.

b. Excuses from said obligation must be given only after careful investigation or consideration by the Sector Commanders.

c. Schedule must be prepared and arranged that there would always be RONDAS during all hours of the day and night at strategic points and places.

d. It is the duty of these RONDAS to relay whatever information (true, of course) about the enemies to the adjoining Rondas.

e. Originators of FALSE RUMORS will be dealt with severely.

f. Rondas are required to be at their posts during the whole time as scheduled.

g. RONDAS not performing their duties in accordance with instructions must be dealt with accordingly.

3. These steps are taken to insure the peace, safety and security of the civilian population.

[p. 2]

4. Your reports in connection with these General Orders must be sent to this GHQ for information.

5. Immediate compliance with the above Orders is hereby ordered.


[Sgd.] ANDRES D. UMALI, Brig. Gen.
C. G. 5th Inf. Div.
Actg. C.G., 1st Corps

Copy Furnished:

1. Lt. Col. Miller, Regimental Commander, San Juan Regiment

2. Major Medardo Mercado, Div. Ass’t G-4, 35th Inf. Div.

For distribution:

Furnished copies of the above General Orders to your respective Battalions and Companies for compliance.

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Notes and references:
1 “1ST BN, SAN JUAN REGT., I CORPS, PQOG,” File No. 271-21, downloaded from PVAO.

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