The Alcazar Battalion was a guerrilla unit purportedly founded by one Emilio Alcazar in the town of Talisay, Batangas in March of 1942. It was supposedly initially affiliated with Marcos Agustin’s guerrilla outfit but, because of difficulties in communicating with the mother unit, it later became attached instead to the Hunters-ROTC. Communication with this other large organization, however, was also poor so that essentially, the Alcazar Battalion operated independently. In this page is a transcription1 of the supposed history and activities of the Alcazar Battalion as submitted to the United States Army.
Batangas Guerrilla Area
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History of the Organization
upon me. I was often left unconscious. I had no more hope of being able to survive, but they probably got tired and later released me by letting me sign a sworn statement to the effect that in the future, I would not make any attempt to do anything against the Japanese. I was overjoyed after being released regardless of the statement I had signed for my temporary release because I realized that as long as I was alive, I still could do something for the emancipation of my country despite all discouraging threats by the Japanese.
or ROTC Guerrillas
comprising Lipa, Malvar, Tanauan, Sto. Tomas and Talisay. The Regimental Hqs. of the 49th Reg. was very near Talisay and there was danger of Japanese raids so that it was transferred to Lemery, Batangas. Communication between this Battalion and the Regimental Headquarters was practically cut off. Under the circumstances, this organization had to act independently, immediate decision and action being necessary, especially because the Eleventh Airborne Division had landed at Tagaytay City.
time in the past to see as to whether the roster of the 49th Regiment with which my unit was considered a part, was already there. I found the roster in the Troop Movements Office, but unfortunately, the roster of the 4th Battalion was not included in this roster. As a well-disciplined officer, I am not making any complaints, but it would be an injustice not only to myself but to all members of my organization as a whole if it is not accorded the same recognition as the others. Citing Section 2, 109 Articles of War, last sentence: “Officers and men of all ranks and grades are given a certain independence in the execution of the task to which they are assigned and are expected to show initiative in meeting the different situations as they arise. Every individual from the highest commander to the lowest private must always remember that inaction and neglect of opportunities will warrant more severe censure than an error in the choice of the means.” Therefore, it is my solemn obligation as a leader to lead my men not only in danger and sacrifice, but at the same time, it is my sacred duty to look after their welfare so that moral courage, respect and confidence can be expected throughout the whole command.
Notes and references:
1 “The Alcazar Battalion,” online at the United States National Archives.