[p. 36]11. Mahaba kapag naka-up
(Short when standing, tall when sitting.) – dog
14. Proverbs and Sayings:1. Anak na di paluin, ina ang patatangisin.
(A pig with two or more owners will surely die of hunger.)
(He who does not look back at where he comes from
May not expect to reach where he is going.)
[p. 38]13. Pag ang tubig ay matining, tusokin ay malalim.
(If there is no positive, there is no negative.)
[p. 39]26. Ang maniwala sa sabi-sabi,
(He who believes in others, has no self-disposition.)
(Rumors seldom tell the truth, and if there is truth in it, plenty has been added.)
(The tongue is not a sharp knife, but it can make wounds hard to heal.)
15. Special Method of Measuring Time:
In rural areas in this place, there are some native ways of measuring time without the benefit of the timepiece. Some of these ways are through the use of the cocking roosters. When the rooster cocks for the first time at night, it is about ten o’clock. For the second time it cocks, it is about two o’clock in the morning. For the third time, it is about four o’clock and when the chickens fly down from their nest, it is about sunrise already.
After drinking coffee in the morning, the people work on their farms. When the sun is about as high as a bamboo pole, “hampas tikin,” it is about nine o’clock in the morning. When the sun is directly overhead and the shadow is too short and close to the body, it is about midday and time to eat lunch.
When the “pakiskis,” a kind of bird, sings atop a tree, it is the sign for [the] planting season or sowing the field with palay. When the cogon grass has its flowers in bloom, it is the beginning of the summertime.
16. Other Folktales and Folklores:
There are still those who believe in sorcerers as the “aswang,” who assumes the form of a dog, cat, bird or other animals and eat human flesh. They say there is also the “manggagaway” who injures people by satanic and devilish powers. The “mangkukulam” who causes people to die or be sick; the “patianak” who sucks the entrails of the baby by their long proboscis; and the “tigbalang” who takes various forms to foil his victims; the “gayuma” whose love charm to the Tagalogs, have strong appeals to the young man. There are also the soothsayers who can foretell the future and interpret both bad and good omens. “Anting-anting” which are believed to have magic powers against certain types of injuries or against iron weapons. These amulets are being hunted and cared for.
There are other folklores connected with some beliefs. A story goes that Sicalac and Sicabay, the parents of the human race, came from the hollow of a bamboo, which grew from a seed planted by Captan, the god of the sky, the seed having been given to himby Maguayan, the god of the sea.
The balete tree comes in for a large amount of superstitious significance. One of the stories concerning the tree relates how a little girl, who one day when she forgot to bow to this tree as she passed by, was caught by the “tigbalang,” the spirit of the balete tree. The little girl was kept shut up within the tree for days and days until the people, by means of prayers and other ceremonies, succeeded in dispelling the influence of the evil Ticbalang, who finally set the girl free.
The flower of the banana tree was once believed by the Tagalogs to possess [a] magic stone, which gives great strength. This tone can be obtained only at midnight, when the flower of the banana plant is said to turn to the ground. The one seeking this tone, should look for a banana plant just in flower, and at midnight, he should stand with his handkerchief spread out to catch the white stone, which will drop like a pearl. The minute the stone drops, [a] ghost will appear and will try to take away the stone. The one seeking this stone should and must write the ghost, so he may keep the amulet.
17. Documents written by those born in this place:
There are none of these written things made by those born in this place. Up to this time, there are no known articles written by natives of this barrio, although there are now some professionals born in this place.