San Jose, Batangas: Historical Data Part II - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore San Jose, Batangas: Historical Data Part II - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

San Jose, Batangas: Historical Data Part II

Historical Data graphic
Historical data from the National Library of the Philippines.



[p. 6]


1. Piko – Piko

A group of children play this game, and the oldest of them acts as the mother. The mother sits in a corner of the playground and holds out one of her hands, palm upward. As the children plunge their fingers into the open hand, the mother suddenly closes her palm to catch the fingers of some of them. The player whose finger is thus caught because “It.” He is blindfolded, and the other players scatter and hide. When they are ready, one of them gives the signal. The “It” starts looking for the players. He finds and tries to tag them. In the meantime, some of the players run back to the mother for safety. Any player tagged by [the] “It” becomes “It” for the next game.

2. Taguan

A group of players or two teams of equal numbers may take part.

The “It,” who is blindfolded, stays in one place while the players are hiding. As a signal, “It” takes off his blindfold and searches for the players until he finds them all.

When played by teams, captains and sides are chosen. The captain and players of Team A stay in one place and close their eyes while the players of Team B go into hiding. When the latter are ready, they give the signal, and the players of Team A begin searching for them. One player of Team B is found, comes out of hiding, and the finder yells to advise his teammates and opponents. The search is continued until all the players of Team B are found.

In the next game, Team A hides and Team B searches. If Team B fails to locate any of the Team A players, the captain of Team B says, “We give up,” and the game is played over again with the same side going into hiding.

Related by:
[Sgd.] Alejandro Sanchez

Three or more players may take part

A small rope several meters long and about half an inch thick is needed in this game.

A player holds one end of the rope and another player the other end. The swing the rope clockwise in a circle. A third player watches the rope and from one side, enters the circle described by the swinging of it. He jumps then with his two feet or skips alternately on the right and left foot moving forward, backward, or turning, always, jumping or skipping the rope about the time it strikes the ground. Even two or three players may enter and jump at the same time. When a player begins to tire, he runs out of the circle made by the rope.

1. A player who is hit by the rope while jumping relieves on of the players who is swinging the rope.
2. If the game is played by pairs or teams and one of the players is hit by the rope while jumping, he relieves the other team of swinging the rope.
Related by:
[Sgd.] Alejandro Sanchez

[p. 7]


Gurumay was a traditional game in San Jose, Batangas which was commonly played by children thirty years ago, but at present, it is unknown among school children.

This game is played in the following manner: there are two or more players. Each player must have 3 pieces of sticks of different lengths. One, which is used as bat, is the longest, about a meter long or less and the width is about one and a half inches. The second is about ½ foot long and the third is about 3 inches long.

A hole is dug in the ground about 2 inches deep and the length is as long as the second stick. The width is about 2 inches.

A coin is tossed to find out the first server in case there are only two players. If more than two, devise another means.

The server puts his shortest stick across the hole and the second shortest stick is put parallel to the hole crossing the shortest piece of stick as shown in the diagram below:


The server strikes the stick which is parallel to the hole (See the above diagram) and [as] it jumps up the server hits it with all his might or force. As the stick flies away, all the players watch for the place where the stick being hit falls. Then, the distance between the hole and the spot where the stick falls is measured. The player who has the longest distance wins the game.

The server loses the chance to serve when he fails to hit the stick which he strikes in the hole.

Related by:
[Sgd.] (Miss) Eladia Yuchengco

[p. 8]


1. “There” There! It says but it has no eyes. (forefinger)
2. It flies high and flies low, but has no feet and yet wears [a] shoe. (dust)
3. What is it which divides by uniting and unites by dividing? {scissors)
4. Though I dance at a ball, yet I am nothing at all. (shadow)
5. It goes and stands and yet has no legs. (a clock)
6. Black and white and red all over. (a newspaper)
7. It has a nose but cannot smell. (a teapot)
8. It has eyes and cannot see. (a potato)
9. It has ears but cannot hear. (a cornstalk)
10. It has a tongue but cannot speak. (a wagon)
11. What is it that has a mouth and cannot eat? (a river)
12. What is it that has hands but does not work? (a clock)
13. What is it that when it loses its eye, it has only a noise left? (noise)
14. A little red house with white fence around it. (mouth)
15. What is it which is always full of holes and yet holds water? (a sponge)
16. It has four legs and only one foot. (bed)
17. I lived upon my own substance and died when I had devoured myself. (candle)
18. It is a tongue that may often hurt and grieve you without speaking. (a tongue of your shoe)
19. It lives in winter, dies in summer, and grows with its root upward. (icicles)
20. What is it that if you take away all the letters remains the same? (postman)
21. It is lengthened by being cut at both ends. (ditch)
22. Everyone holds it but rarely touches it. (tongue)
23. It always finds thin dull! (grinder)
24. It goes up the hill and down the hill and yet stands still. (road)
25. What is taken before you get it? (your picture)
26. It is black in itself and yet enlightens the world. (ink)
27. It is something which the man that makes it does not need it, that man that buys it never gets it for himself, and the man who uses it does not know it. (coffin)
28. It can pass before the sun without casting a shadow. (wind)
29. It has never been felt, seen or heard, and yet has a name. (nothing)
30. What roof never keeps out the wet? (roof of the mouth)
31. It always walks with head downward. (a nail in one’s shoe)
32. It is a tool that grows sharper with its use. (one’s tongue)
33. It has teeth but never bites. (comb)
34. The longer she stands, the shorter she grows. (candle)
35. Old Mother Twitchett had but one eye,

And a long tail which she lets fly;
Every time she went over a gap,
She left a bit of her tail in a trap. (a needle and thread)
Related by:
[Sgd.] (Mrs.) Francisc Castillo By:
(Mrs.) Virginia M. Ambal

[p. 9]


1. Soft words melt the heart.
2. The liar is a brother of the thief.
3. You can afford to lose money but not the respect of others.
4. One should consult his elders about important matters.
5. The wisdom of the young comes from the old.
6. Give all you have in gifts and you will be left with regrets.
7. Of what use is the fodder when the horse is dead?
8. Continuous droplets of water may wear away even granite.
9. Pain in a finger is felt by the whole body.
10. If you feel a person’s misery as your own, then you are his good friend.
11. Never make promises you cannot fulfill.
12. When your blanket is short, learn to crouch.
13. A bird on a plate is better than a thousand in the sky.
14. He who saved for the rainy day has something to fall back on.
15. He who believes in idle talk has no mind of his own.
16. A tree falls where it is inclined.
17. He who will not toil shall not live.
18. In order to get the meat of the crab, one must use one’s fingers.
19. What we owe, we pay.
20. Throw not stones at anybody, and nobody will throw rocks at you.
21. In a closed mouth, no fly enters.
22. Let the eyes see, but keep the mouth shut.
23. A tree is known by its fruit.
24. Even an unripe guava is a blessing from God.
25. A rolling stone gathers no one.


1. The sleeping shrimp is carried by the current.
Ang hipong natutulog ay nadadala ng agos.
2. Lazy people should follow the ant’s example.
Ang taong tamad ay sa langgam tutulad.
3. Be thrifty if you desire to be wealthy.
Kung nais mong yumanan, ikaw ay magtipid.
4. Diligence and honesty are before progress and prosperity.
Katyagaan at katapatan bago pagpaunlad at kasaganaan.
5. Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today.
Huwag ipagpabukas ang magagawa ngayon.
6. United we stand; divided we fall.
Kung magsamasama, tayo’y magtatagumpay,
Kung maghiwahiwalay, tayo’y mabibigo.
7. Not all that glitters is gold.
Hindi lahat ng kumikinang ay ginto.
Related by:
[Sgd.] (Mr.) Marcelino Landicho
(Mrs.) Rosario Laraya

[p. 10]

8. There is no hard-hearted virgin to those who ceaselessly pray.
Walang matimtimang virgin sa matiyagang manalangin.
9. The tongue is not a blade, but it cuts deep.
Ang dila ay hindi patalim nguni’t kung sumugat ay malalim.
10. Iron is destroyed by its own rust.
Walang sumisira sa bakal kundi ang sariling kalawang.
11. A shallow river makes much noise.
Ang sapa kung malagawlaw, asahan mo at mababaw.
12. The early bird catches the worm.
Daig ng maagap ang masipag.
13. In union, there is strength.
Nasa pagkakaisa ang lakas.
14. The stone never approaches the snail.
Hindi lalapit ang bato sa suso.
15. Do not count the chicks before they are hatched.
Huag bilangin ang sisiw hanggang hindi napipisa.
16. A petted child is generally naked.
Ang laki sa layaw, karaniwa’y hubad.
Related by:
[Sgd.] (Mr.) Marcelino Landicho


Name of Documents or BooksWriters or Authors
1.  Poems and VersesBonifacio Robles
2.  NewspaperLuis Luna
3.  History of San JoseAtty. Jose de Villa
4.  Short storiesPedro Ona
5.  Life of Jose RizalJustice Roman Ozaeta
6.  SongsRoman Kalalo
Ambrosio Makalintal

Kapitan Bonifacio Robles

Ang ligayang halos sumikip sa dibdib,
Na upang tamuhin, kiparin ang ibig,
Di na malayo at nanapit napit,
Ito nga ang piesta ng Poon San Josef.
Ito labing siyam na bilang ng darating na buwan
Na ipagsasaho’t ng ganap na diwang.
Pintakasing hirang, nitong sangbayanan
Sa madlang sakuna, siyang daingan.
Related by:


Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of San Jose,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.
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