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January 4, 2018

San Marcelino, Taysan, Batangas: Historical Data

Full transcription of the so-called “Historical Data” for the barrio of San Marcelino in the Municipality of Taysan, Batangas, the original scanned documents at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections not having OCR or optical character recognition properties. This transcription has been edited for grammar, spelling and punctuation where possible. The original pagination is provided for citation purposes.

[Cover page.]






H I S T O R Y A N D C U L T U R A L L I F E


O F T H E


B A R R I O O F S A N M A R C E L I N O



P R E P A R E D B Y :


[Sgd.] Mr. Leoncio H. Corachea

[Sgd.] Miss Avelina Guerra







[p. 1]

DIVISION OF BATANGAS
District of Lobo
San Marcelino Barrio School

I. HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE BARRIO

Part One: History

1. The present official name of the barrio is San Marcelino.

2. The popular name of the barrio present and past is San Marcelino. It is not derived from any event or happening within the said place. It was the name given by the municipal board of Taysan after it was separated from the barrio of Pinagbayanan. [The] Names of sitios included within the territorial jurisdiction of the barrio.

a. Sitio Sulok and Pansol

3. San Marcelino was established in the year 1902.

4. The original families were as follows:
a. Herman Marquez
b. Leon Bautista
c. Juan Bautista
d. Agustin Bautista
e. Zoilo Bautista
f. Benito Bautista
g. Casimero Ramirez
h. Agustin Katigbak
i. Dalmacio Bagon
j. Juan Maderazo
k. Felipe Estoye
l. Leodigario Kasilag
5. List of Tenientes from the earliest time to date:





a. Leon Bautista
b. Andres Marquez
c. Dalmacio Bagon
d. Agustin Bautista
e. Bernardo Evangelista
f. Cornelio Atienza
g. Agustin Katigbak
h. Basilio Bautista
i. Leodigario Kasilag
j. Valeriano Escala
k. Nazario Marquez
l. Norberto Arellano
6. Story of old barrios or sitios included within the jurisdiction that are now depopulated or extinct.

[p. 2]

Sitio Sulok is located in the southeastern part of the barrio. It is thickly populated. In the western part of its mainland, is a ravine which separates its mainland from the rest of the barrio mainland. Because of its location, the name Sulok became its popular name up to the present.

Sitio Pansol is almost located in the heart of the barrio. It is even [more] thickly populated done sitio Sulok. In this sitio, we can find the homes of some well-to-do families. In the southern part of this sitio, the people discovered a well which serves as the drinking source of the people. Because of the abundance of water, the people call it Pansol which later became the popular name of the sitio.

7. Data on historical sites, structures, buildings, old ruins: none.

8. Important facts, incidents or events that took place.

a. During the Spanish occupation: none.

b. During the American occupation to World War II:

1. Encounter between the Filipino-Japanese P.C. and the Filipino-American guerrillas in the place of teniente del barrio Valeriano Escala, resulting in the capture of eight P.C. and the death of a guerrilla major.

2. Incidental burning of the Iglesia ni Cristo’s chapel.

9. Destruction of lives, properties and institutions during wars, especially in 1896-1900 and 1941-1945 .

[p. 3]

(A) 1. a. Destruction of lives in the year 1890 to 1900: Some Filipino Soldiers died.

b. Destruction of life in the year 1941 to 1945: A guerrilla was killed.

2. a. Destruction of properties in 1890 to 1900: Burning of palay by the Americans. Incidental shooting of cattle by the Americans.

b. Destruction of properties in 1941 to 1945: Rice, eggs, chickens, pigs and cattle were sometimes commandeered by the guerrillas.

3. Destruction of institutions: None.



(B) Measures and accomplishments toward rehabilitation and reconstruction following World War II.

1. The building of a schoolhouse.

2. The community-centered school.

Part Two: Folk Ways

10. The traditions, customs and practices in domestic and social life vary in different aspects:

a. With regards to birth, a newly-born baby receives an immediate baptism to evade some sort of natural temptations treating of superstitious beliefs.

b. With respect to courtship and marriage, the people also observe the same customs practiced in other places. Marriage is solemnized either by a priest or any authority holding legal rights to do so.

[p. 4]

c. As to death and burial, the natural customs common in other places are also observed. That is, after death, the body is to be buried in the cemetery.

d. The barrio also observes its festivity during the month of August. The people form a group, usually headed by the old folks, having ladies and gentlemen as their followers. This group makes a novena every night and everyone shares in the said festivity. The main objective – “God may bless them in their everyday life.”

11. Different superstitious beliefs regarding the following phenomena:

a. Origin of the world – That God the supreme Being created the lands, mountains, caves, seas, lakes, rivers, plants, trees, animals and everything that may be found constituting the world as a whole.

b. The birth of twins, according to superstition, may be attributed to the fact that a mother gave birth to twins because in the long course of her pregnancy, she happened to eat twin bananas.

c. Superstition as to divination also affects the daily lives of the barrio folks. That is, if they fail in giving alms to the beggars or the saints being passed around, they think that a great misfortune will befall them.

12. Popular songs, games and amusements:

SONGS:

a. Kundiman

b. Lone songs

c. The awit (as called by the old)

GAMES:

a. Games developing mental ability such as playing cards and dama.

[p. 5]

b. Games developing the physical body such as softball volleyball and running races.

AMUSEMENTS

a. Holding a one month festivity called the novena.

b. Sometimes, people hold parties and other sorts of gatherings.

13. Puzzles and Riddles:

1. A beautiful lady eating her body.

2. If you are a good speller, spell my name in six letters.

3. Our slave Peter, is always hard-headed.

14. Proverbs and Sayings:

1. A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds.

2. Silence means deep.

3. Shallow water makes noise.

4. If you spit upward, it will fall on your face.

5. Where there is smoke, there is fire.

6. Bad grass never dies.

7. To die is to rest.

15. Methods of measuring time – They use the sun and the watch as a medium of measuring time.

[p. 6]

DIVISION OF BATANGAS
District of Lobo
TAYSAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL





HISTORY AND CULTURAL LIFE OF THE

BARRIO

Prepared by:


[Sgd.] HILARION M. ZARA



[Sgd.] CIRIACO H. BAUTISTA
Principal



NICASIO P. BATAS
District Supervisor

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Notes and references:
Transcribed from “History and Cultural Life of the Barrio of San Marcelino, Taysan, Batangas,” 1953, online at the National Library of the Philippines Digital Collections.

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