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January 6, 2018

Memo to GHQ Liaison: Data on the Hunters or ROTC Guerrillas, Dec 44

The Hunters/ROTC was a guerrilla group formed in 1942. Initially operating in Rizal Province, the group would also have a sizable presence in Batangas and would be instrumental in providing intelligence to the United States forces leading to the assault landing at Nasugbu on 31 January 1945.

More information about the group is available in this article → “Operations of the Hunters/ROTC Guerillas in Batangas Prior to the 1945 Nasugbu Landing in WWII.”

In this December 1944 document1 in a memo addressed to the GHQ Liaison Officer, presumably of the United States Army, Hunters-ROTC Guerrillas Commander Eleuterio Adevoso provides data on his organization. The document is edited her and there for grammar and spelling.

[p. 1]

UNITED STATES PHILIPPINE ISLANDS FORCES
THE HUNTERS or ROTC GUERRILLAS
GENERAL HEADQUARTERS

1 December 1944
Subject
To
:  Data on the Hunters or ROTC Guerrillas
:  GHQ Liaison Officer
    Confidential
1. The following data on this command are calculated to give the AIB Office a more or less clear picture of the Hunters or ROTC Guerrillas as an organization:

a – HISTORY: The Hunters were organized on the 15th [of] January 1942 by a group of cadets from the Philippine Military Academy and the ROTC Under the leadership of ex-cadet MIGUEL VER PMA ’43 in San Juan, Rizal. The first units to infiltrate into the mountains for regular combat with the Japanese reached ANTIPOLO MTS, RIZAL on the 6th April 1942. From here, the organization expanded to the different sections of RIZAL, MANILA, LAGUNA, CAVITE, BATANGAS, TAYABAS, and then ZAMBALES, PANGASINAN and BATAAN. The first one and half years had been characterized by action against Japanese patrols, columns, installations, and the elimination of spies and collaborators. The second one and a half years were devoted to further expansion and improvement of the tactical as well as territorial organization, intelligence work, elimination of spies and collaborators, and procurement of armament from Jap arsenals, constabulary academies, p;risons, etc.

b – TERRITORIAL and TACTICAL ORGANIZATION: The Hunters cover extensively the eastern half of SOUTHERN LUZON, and extensively the western half, and also that of WESTERN LUZON.

(1) Territorial Organizations: Southern Luzon had been divided into two divisional areas, the 44th DIVISION Area which is composed of the provinces of RIZAL, LAGUNA, and TAYABAS, the 47th DIVISION Area which is composed of the city of Manila and the provinces of CAVITE and BATANGAS. Western Luzon had been divided into PROVINCIAL-COMMANDS, the Bataan Command, the Zambales Command, and the Pangasinan Command. In the case of Southern Luzon, each province is a Regimental Area, each group of towns a Battalion area or a Sub-Sector. Each Battalion Area or Sub-Sector has REGULARS (or Combat-Units regularly encamped in the field) and HOME GUARDS organizations or TOWN and BARRIO UNITS which are composed of patriotic citizens of the place who compose the RESERVES. The report for duty in the combat camps [is done] by rotation. They supply the combat camps and CP’s with food, labor, clothing, information. While it is intended that their functions shall be supply and intelligence and sabotage only, they also form the reserve force and may be called upon to serve it with the regulars during the expansion of the Combat forces. So, there are Barrio Commanders, Town Commanders, Sub-Sector Commanders or Battalion Commander,

[p. 2]

Regimental Commanders or Provisional Commanders, the Division Commanders that control units of three provinces, and, lastly, there is the GHQ Hunters which is designed to coordinate and cooperate and even take orders from GHQ SWPA.

In the case of WESTERN LUZON Hunters Units, and the Town Units and Barrio Units are centralized under one command – directly under the provincial Command Posts.

GHQ HUNTERS
(Location: Cavite-Batangas Boundary
by the China Sea)
CO HUNTERS
C of S HUNTERS
Adj.-Gen.
AC of S G-1
AC of S G-2
AC of S G-2
AC of S G-2
AC of S G-3
AC of S G-4
Terry Magtangol2, PMA '44 - Guer. Col.
Johnnie St. John, PMA '44 - Guer. Lt-Col.
Justo Franco, Law '38 - Guer. Maj.
Robert Tabberrah, Maj USAFFE - Guer. Maj.
Juan Daza, Law Student - Guer. Maj.
Marcelo Castillo, Maj OSP-USAFFE - Guer. Maj.
Guillermo Monfort, Maj MI USAFFE - Guer. Maj.
Rigoberto Atienza, Maj USAFFE - Guer. Maj.
Carlos Albert, Capt OSP-USAFFE - Guer. Maj.
44th Division
Location of CP: ANTIPOLO MTS
Div Cmdr: NARCISO VILLA-ROTC
Div AG & G-1 Oscar de la Rama - Commerce Grad ROTC
G-2 - Antonio Liban - ROTC
G-3 - Pedro Francisco - PMA '40
G-4 - Vicente Abaya - Maj- USAFFE
IG - Ernesto Bascon - Law '37
JAG - Gregorio de Guia - Law '38
FO - Benito Legarda - ROTC
MO - Dominador Feleo - MD, USAFFE
47th Division
Location of CP: ALFONSO MTS CAVITE
Div Cmdr: EMMANUAL OCAMPO - ROTC
Div C of S - Eufracio Villanueva, PMA '44
Div AG & G-1 - Zoilo de Leon - ROTC
G-2 - Max Agudo - PMA '44
G-3 - Jovito Alcova - 1st Lt-USAFFE
G-4 - Arcadio Marquez - BSC
IG - Jose Castillo - Law '39
JAG - Mariano Noriel - Law '40
FO - Arsenio Diaz - BSC '37
MO - J. Castillo - MD - Lt-USAFFE
44th Infantry (RIZAL)
CO Jose Montefalcon PMA '44
CP PILILLA MTS, RIZAL

1st BN CP: CAINTA MTS, RIZAL
2nd BN CP: TANAY MTS, RIZAL
3rd BN CP: TAGUIG MTS, RIZAL

1st BN CP: STA MARIA, LAGUNA
2nd BN CP: PAGSANJAN, LAGUNA
3rd BN CP: CALAUAN, LAGUNA
47th Infantry (MANILA)
CO Herminigildo Atienza, LL.B.
CP LAS PIÑAS, RIZAL

1st BN CP: ERMITA, MANILA
2nd BN CP: STA CRUZ, MANILA
3rd BN CP: TONDO, MANILA

1st BN CP: SILANG, CAVITE
2nd BN CP: GENERAL TRIAS, CAVITE
3nd BN CP: MARAGONDON, CAVITE


[p. 3]
46th INFANTRY (Tayabas)
CO: Vicente Mohadan, ROTC
CP: MAUBAN MTS, TAYABAS

1st BN CP: MAUBAN, TAYABAS
2nd BN CP: UNISAN, Tayabas
3rd BN CP: TAYABAS, TAYABAS
49th INFANTRY (Batangas)
CO: Jacinto del Pilar PMA '44
CP: CALATAGAN-LIAN MTS, BATANGAS

1st BN CP: CALATAGAN, BATANGAS
2nd BN CP: MABINI, BATANGAS
3rd BN CP: LIPA, BATANGAS
(2) Coverage: The following towns with their barrios and mountains as well as field areas contain Hunters Units either Combat or Home Guard Units:
44th DIVISION AREA:
A. 44th Infantry
Montalban-San Mateo-Marinduque-Quezon City-San Juan-Mandaluyong-Makati-Pasig-Cainta-Taytay-Antipolo-Angono-Cardona-Tanay-Pililia-Malabon-Navotas. (San Mateo and Montalban are more controlled by the ECLGA than the Hunters. Tanay is more controlled by the Marking's Guerrillas.

B. 45th Infantry
Sta Maria-Siniloan-Pangil-Pakil-Paete-Longos-Lumban-Pagsanjan-Pila-Bay-Calauan-Los Baños-San Pedro. (Sta. Maria is estimated to be more controlled by the Marking's than by the Hunters. Pagsanjan-Lumban-Pila are jointly controlled by the Hunters, Hukbalahaps, and Fil-Americans)

C. 46th Infantry
Mauban-Tayabas-Padre Burgos-Unisan-Candelaria-Sariaya-Infanta.

WESTERN LUZON AREA:
A. Zambales Command:
Olongapo-Subic-San Marcelino-Castillejos.
B. Bataan Command:
Pilar-Balanga and barrios
C. Pangasinan Command:
Aguilar-San Carlos-Mangatarem-Urbiztondo-Clemente-Bayambang.
47th DIVISION AREA
A. 47th Infantry
All Manila Districts-Pasay-Parañaque-Las Piñas-Muntinglupa-Taguig-Pateros. (There are Marking's ECLGA, Kalayaan Command, Hunters or ROTC units side by side in the city of Manila, but all along the towns south of Manila along the bottleneck are controlled by the Hunters or ROTC Guerrillas.)

B. 48th Infantry
Maragondon-Naic-Tanza-Bacoor-Imus-Dasmariñas-Carmona-Silang-General Trias-Indang-Baelen-Magallanes and Amador-Ternate. (Tanza, Amadeo-Dasmariñas are more controlled by semi-bandit organizations that also fight that Japanese but most of the time prey on the people. These bandits claim themselves as guerrillas. The most notorious of the bandit leaders is PATROCINIO ERNE of TANZA.

C. 49th Infantry
Nasugbu-Lian-Calatagan-Calaca-Balayan-Talisay-Mabini-Batangas-Lobo-Sto Tomas-Malvar-Lipa-Mataas-na-Kahoy-San Juan.
[p. 4]

2. The following area list of other guerrilla organizations working side by side with the Hunters in Southern, Western, and Central Luzon:

a – The Kalayaan Command USPIF, formerly known as USAFFE Guerrilla Forces. This command is under Maj BERNARD ANDERSON. It has its Headquarters in the Infanta area, but its main organization is in Bulacan and Nueva Ecija. This unit has many agents in Manila and other places.

b – The Marking’s Guerrillas, led by MARCOS V. AGUSTIN, who has his Headquarters in the TANAY MOUNTAINS, RIZAL. Its main organization is concentrated in ANTIPOLO-TERESA-MORONG-BARAS-BINANGONAN-CARDONA-TANAY-STA MARIA. It has units also in MANILA and some other parts of Rizal where the Hunters have greater control.

c – The ECLGA under Major EDWIN RAMSEY, which controls SAN MATEO-CALOOCAN-SAN FRANCISCO DEL MONTE-NOVALICHES-POLO-MAYCAWAYAN-and other Bulacan towns. It has units also in Bataan, MANILA, and PANGASINAN, NUEVA ECIJA.

d – The HUKBALAHAPS of Southern Luzon under PEDRO VILLEGAS whose Headquarters is in SAN ANTONIO, LONGOS, LAGUNA. It has its main organization in LONGOS, PAETE, SAMPALOC, MAGDALENA, MAJAYJAY, Tayabas and Laguna.

e – The PHILIPPINE CHINESE GUERRILLAS formerly with the HUKBALAHAPS but later decided to be independent. It is under the leadership of [blank] and is about 80 riflemen in number. They roam from town to town in Tayabas.

f – The FIL AMERICAN GUERRILLAS which stay at San Pablo, NAGCARLAN, PAGSANJAN, and other nearby towns of Laguna. Many FIL AMERICAN groups had affiliated with the Hunters and also with the Marking’s. Due to lack of leadership since the capture of Lt. Colonel STRAUGHN, that organization has fallen into several quarreling factions.

g – EX-USAFFE Guerrillas of BATAAN under an American named BOONE. They stay at ORION, LIMAY, ABUCAY.

h – The PRESIDENT QUEZON’S OWN GUERRILLAS later changed to PIG (PHILIPPINE INDEPENDENT GUERRILLAS) reputed to be functioning under the 10th Military District. Its leader is VICENTE UMALI, formerly a Town Mayor of Sariaya, TAYABAS. This faction controls western Tayabas and some eastern Batangas towns.

3. It is estimated that the present enlisted strength of this organization is about 30,000 with enlisted supporters at some 200,000.

s/ Terry Magtangol
t/ TERRY MAGTANGOL
Colonel, Guerrilla Infantry
Commanding

A TRUE COPY: VLS/yr

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Notes and references:
1 Box 246, Entry 1087, Philippine Archive Collection, Record Group 407, (US) National Archives. Online at the Philippine Veterans Association Office.
2 Eleuterio “Terry Adevoso” was also known by his nom de guerre or military name Magtangol/Magtanggol. Wikipedia.

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