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January 5, 2018

Intelligence Reports Filed by Gagalac Guerrillas

The Gagalac Guerrilla Group was one of the groups operating in Batangas that was given official recognition by the United States Army after World War II. In these ensuing documents are samples of intelligence reports filed by members of the Gagalac Guerilla Unit, used as enclosure/attachment to the group’s appeal for official recognition by the United States Army. The document is edited here and there for grammar, spelling and punctuation.

The reader will please note that the date provided in page 1 is obviously erroneous because the war had officially ended by November 1945, and whatever Japanese troops were still active were mostly stragglers in hiding in the mountains.

[p. 1]

EXHIBIT “K-1”

SUBJECT

TO
: INTELLIGENCE REPORT

: COMMANDING OFFICER
   GAGALAC GUERRILLA UNIT
20 Nov. 1945

REPORT

Japanese troops numbering some twenty thousand men are stationed around the Cuenca-Alitagtag area. Reliable information is to the effect that they are well supplied with food and arms and ammunition, including artillery pieces. The area from Calumpang to San Luis is a restricted area for civilians. Under the guise of a laborer for the Japanese Army, I was able to stay in the prohibited area for a week. In the sitio of Boboy, near Bagong Tubig, in a hill overlooking Batangas and Balayan Bays, are placed three (3) 105 cannons. According to several inhabitants of the place, said cannons have been there since the early part of September this year. No anti-aircraft gun protection in the area.

No estimate of troops could be made in the area of San Luis as troop movements by the enemy are being carried out every night. No beach defense measures of any kind has been made.

In the municipality of Taal, the Japanese maintain a small garrison of soldiers numbering some thirty men. They are billeted in the Taal Elementary School building near the house of ex-Gov. Noble. The said house can easily be identified by its red-painted roof. Every day, from sunrise to sunset, a patrol of three to four men patrol the beach at Lemery. They are supplied with binoculars, scanning the sea now and then. Night patrols are being sent now and then.

(Sgd.) JUAN JAVIER

CERTIFIED CORRECT:

[Sgd.] FILOMENO GAGALAC

[p. 2]



EXHIBIT “K-2”


GAGALAC GUERRILLA HEADQUARTERS
SINISIAN, CALACA

1 March 1945
SUBJECT

TO
: Intelligence Report

: Captain Felino V. de Leon


JAPANESE AT CALACA, BATANGAS
DATE OF OBSERVATION STRENGTH, ARMS & EQUIPMENT OF ENEMY LOCATION, DISPOSITION & ACTIVITIES OF ENEMY
27 Feb to 1 Mar 1945 Fully armed with machine-gun and cannon emplacement planted at the cockpit in Bantayan, Calaca.  They are increasing in number from day to day.  Our approximation is more or less 500 fully armed men. The Japs are assembled from Bagong-tubig, along the old road up to the town of Calaca itself.  The four corners of the town.  These Japs, guided by the people of Calaca, went to the barrios of Puting-kahoy, Lungang, Kahigpitan, and other neighboring sitios getting by force from residents food supplies, horses, cows, pigs and transportation facilities.
RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED:

CAPT. LEOPOLDO M. OLVINA

CERTIFIED TRUE COPY:

[Sgd.] FILOMENO GAGALAC

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Notes and references:
1 File Number 278, United States National Archives, downloaded from page Gagalac Guerrilla Unit, Philippine Veteran Association Office.

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