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December 31, 2017

Miscellaneous Memos from Luansing to Regimental Commanders

The Luansing Unit Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas were commanded by one Galicano Luansing and known loosely as the “Luansing’s Unit.” This guerrilla outfit was at one time or the other during the Japanese occupation affiliated with the Fil-American Irregular Troops and also the President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas. By the time the Allied forces return to the Philippines, it was operating independently. This unit assisted the United States Army in campaigns against the Japanese forces from Balayan, Batangas Town, Lipa, Rosario and San Juan. In this page are documents1, containing memoranda issued by Luansing to Regimental Commanders of guerrilla units operating in Batangas.

[p. 1]

U S A F F E
Batangas Guerrillas
Office of the Commanding Officer

25 Jan. 45

Subject
To
: Order to Strike No. 1
: All Guerrillas Concerned

1 – Per order relayed to this command by the HQ of Major J. Vanderpool, you are hereby authorized to cut off all communication lines, destroy radio networks of the enemies – in short, paralyze all means of communication operated by them – whenever and wherever such is feasible within personal and general security.

2 – In zones far from the field of operation such as in our case, the enemies may have [unreadable] the chance of replacing cut off communication lines, before actual landing is effected in our shores. In this connection, you are hereby enjoined to see to it that prior to the actual landing, our men are always on the alert and in the state of readiness to sever all possible means of communication system employed by the enemies.

3 – Expedite.

[Sgd.] GALICANO M. LUANSING JR.
Lieut.-Col. Guer., (Inf.)
Commanding

Distribution:
1 – Pasia
1 – Farol
1 – Guerra
1 – Laurel
1 – Balagtas
1 – Gagalac
1 – File

[p. 2]

U S A F F E
Batangas Guerrillas
Office of the Commanding Officer

25 Jan. 45

Subject
To
: Commander's Report
: All Regimental Commanders, USAFFE Batangas Guerrillas

I – Accomplish the report outlined below.

1 – Full name of commander. Give a brief background of the commander.
2 – Give the composition of your command.
3 – What is the strength of your command>
4 – How many trained men do you have? Give number in each barrio.
5 – How many partially trained men do you have?
6 – What is the system of communication that you use between your sectors?
7 – How many radio operators, radio technicians, engineers, doctors and nurses do you have? Give their backgrounds.
8 – How do you rate the physical health of your officers and men?
9 – What training instructions have you given your officers and EM?
10 – How many trained men can you assemble within 24 hours, 3 days, 10 days?
11 – How many partially trained men can you assemble in 24 hours, 3 days, 10 days?
12 – How many ablebodied men can you assemble within 24 hours, 3 days, 10 days? (These groups of men will be utilized immediately upon landing for the unloading of all supplies; as laborers in the speedy construction of trails, roads, bridges and landing fields.)
13 – Describe the chain of command employed in your sector.
14 – How many active men rendering full-time duty do you have? Partial time?

[p. 3]

15 – Give a good site as evacuation place in your sector
16 – How many arms and rounds of ammunition do you have? List by type and make. Number serviceable.

II. Expedite

[Sgd.] GALICANO M. LUANSING JR.
Lieut-Col. Guer. (Inf.)
Commanding

Distribution: 1 – Pasia
1 – Farol
1 – Balagtas
1 – Laurel
1 – Gagalac
1 – Guerra
1 – File

[p. 4]

U S A F F E
Batangas Guerrillas
Office of the Commanding Officer

25 Jan. 45

Subject
To
: Pertinent Matters to be Observed in the Establishment of Command Post
: Regimental Commanders, USAFFE Batangas Guerrillas

1 – For the purpose of uniformity and in alignment with the established requirements of all CP as personally observed by this command in various recognized HQs of parties and bigger organizations operating in this sphere herewith, are pertinent matters to be observed in establishing our own CP:

a – Site – Pursuance to repeated warnings, verbal instructions and orders of Commanding Officers of parties operating legally in various spheres contacted by this command, all Filipino patriots are directed to move as far inland as possible – to stay away from the possible havoc of “landing fire.” This factor, therefore, must principally be considered in the selection of good sites. Too many of our comrades-in-arms entertain the lofty ideal of fighting as an auxiliary unit behind the enemy line – a very dangerous and risky attitude though highly patriotic and noble in purpose. Such should not be the case. Instructions have rather been, for us, to move inland and then send Liaison Officers to contact the commanding officer of the landing parties when and if they are in our shores.

b – Barracks – Separate for officers and EM; Kitchen; General Mess; Latrines and urinals; Guard house.

c – Flags – American and Filipino for Reveille and Retreat

[p. 5]

d – Camp Rules and Regulations – To be conspicuously posted on a Bulletin Board.

e – Daily rosters accomplished accordingly.

f – Log Book – Here, all camp visitors must be duly recorded; their times of arrival, names and purposes in coming and hours of departure must be noted. This is for visitors only.

II – While in camp and during hours of duty, the strictest military courtesy and discipline must be observed by every member.

III – Expedite.

[Sgd.] GALICANO M. LUANSING JR.
Lieut-Col., Guer., (Inf.)
Commanding

Distribution
1 – Gagalac
1 – Balagtas
1 – Farol
1 – Laurel
1 – Pasia
1 – Guerra
1 – File



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Notes and references:

1 “Luansing Unit, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas,” File No. 63, downloaded from PVAO.


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