Various Affidavits on the GHQ Batangas Force, FAIT - Batangas History, Culture and Folklore

Various Affidavits on the GHQ Batangas Force, FAIT

The Fil-American Irregular Troops (FAIT) was a large guerrilla organization that operated in Luzon during the Japanese occupation during World War II up to the liberation of the Philippines. The organization was founded by the retired American Army officer Hugh Straughn and had units in many localities in Luzon, including Batangas. The GHQ Batangas Force, purportedly founded by one Jorge Espina, who was subsequently killed by the Japanese, was one of the units who sought recognition as an element of the Philippine Army in the service of the United States Armed Forces. In this page1 are contained various affidavits in support of the GHQ Batangas Force FAIT’s application for official recognition as an element of the Philippine Army in the service of the Armed Forces of the United States.

[p. 1]

Guerrilla Files jpeg
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPALITY OF BATANGAS
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS

A F F I D A V I T

I, ANSELMO BEREDO, of legal age, married and with postal address at Batangas, Batangas, after having been duly sworn to in accordance with law, do hereby depose and say;

That I am the CO of the Fil-American Irregular Troops, Batangas Town Guerrillas, part of which has been recognized by AFPAC on 20 March 1945;

That I am aware of the existence of the Gen. HDQS., Fil-American Irreguar Troops, FAIT, an active Guerrilla Organization which was an element or a unit of the organization under the late Lt. Col. Jorge D. Espina;

That after the death of Lt. Col. Jorge D. Espina and after I had taken over the command of the Batangas Town Guerrillas, FAIT, the abovementioned organization, the Gen. HDQS., FAIT, under Capt. Loreto Abaya, continued to operate as a unit independent of the Batangas Town Guerrilla Regiment which was under my command although they continued to bear the name of the overall command of Fil-American Irregular Troops;

That the said unit carried on an organized resistance to the enemy continuously up to the liberation, to the exclusion of all other pursuits and occupation;

That I am officially aware of the fact that this unit assisted the U.S. Army forces in its operation in coordination with my unit in the Batangas Area, particularly in and around the towns of Batangas, Ibaan and San Jose.

Further deponent sayeth none.

[Sgd.] COL. ANSELMO BEREDO
COMMANDING OFFICER
BATANGAS TOWN GUERRILLAS

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this 14th day of April, 1947, at Batangas, Batangas.

[Unreadable signature]
[Handwritten] Notary Public
Until Dec. 31, 1948
Doc. 65, p. 35, Book V, s. 1947

[p. 2]

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPALITY OF IBAAN
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS

A F F I D A V I T

I, SIXTO M. GUERRA, Filipino, of legal age, married, resident of Ibaan, Batangas, after being duly sworn in accordance with law, DEPOSE and SAY:

That I was the Commanding Officer of the Ibaan Regiment, Fil-American Batangas Guerrillas, part of which has been recognized by the 6th Army Headquarters on March 1945.

That I was aware of the existence of the Gen Headquarters FAIT, under the overall command of Colonel JORGE D. ESPINA way back in 1943, my unit being then a part and component thereof;

That I am also aware of the fact that the members of this Headquarters have not yet been recognized;

That I certify that this Headquarters is deserving of recognition for having carried on an organized resistance to the enemy continuously up to the liberation;

That after the death of our overall Commander Col. Espina, the members of this unit continued to engage in resistance activities to the exclusion of all other pursuits and occupation under Capt. Loreto Abaya;

That during the liberation campaign, this unit assisted the US Army forces, particularly in and around the towns of Batangas, Ibaan and San Jose.

Further deponent sayeth none.

[Sgd.] SIXTO M. GUERRA, COL.
Commander Ibaan Regiment

SUBSCRIBED and SWORN to before me this 13th day of APRIL 1947, at Ibaan, Batangas

[Sgd.] Juan T. Mercado
Mun. Mayor
Ibaan, Batangas

[p. 3]

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPALITY OF CUENCA
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS

A F F I D A V I T

I, PEDRO PASIA, of legal age, married, Filipino and resident of the Municipality of Cuenca, Batangas, after having been duly sworn according to law, depose and say:

That I am a Lt. Col. and Commanding Officer of the 5th Bn. 1st Inf. Reg. FOLSOM FIL-AMERICAN IRREGULAR TROOPS, recognized by AFWESPAC on 31 January 1945;

That I have official knowledge of the existence of a Guerrilla outfit known as FIL-AMERICAN under the command of the late Col. JORGE D. ESPINA which operated in the Province of Batangas during the RESISTANCE period and the Liberation campaign;

That I also have official knowledge of the activities of the guerrilla outfit above specified because on several instances, I had occasion to meet some of the ranking officers of the said organization for the purpose of coordinating our plans of sabotaging enemy activities, scheme of attack in the event of [the] landing of the American liberating forces and the best ways and means by which Guerrilla organization in the province of Batangas could [be] of effective assistance to the Americans;

That among the officers of the Guerrilla outfit herein mentioned with whom I had the opportunity to interview during the middle of the year 1943 were Capt. Loreto Abaya and 1st Lt. Leonardo Abaya;

That I am further aware of the fact that said organization was active and rendered highly valuable services to the American forces during the liberation campaign in the Province of Batangas but, by an irony of fate, only a little portion or, more specifically, only one Company out of one Regiment commanded by the late Col. ESPINA was granted recognition;

That for the last I vouch for the genuineness of the said organization and that its members are deserving Guerrillas; hence, entitled to a just and equitable consideration;

That I have personal knowledge of the foregoing facts and that they are true and correct.

FURTHER AFFIANT SAYETH NONE.

[Sgd.] PEDRO PASIA, Lt. Col.
ASN 0-48337

In the presence of:

[Unreadable signatures]

SUBSCRIBED and SWORN to before me this 12th day of April, 1947, at Cuenca, Batangas. Affiant exhibited to me his residence certificate No. A-3033588, issued at Cuenca, Batangas on 25th February 1947.

[Sgd.] DOMINADOR PASIA
Justice of the Peace
Ex-Officio Notary Public

[p. 4]

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPALITY OF LIPA
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS

A F F I D A V I T

I, ESTEBAN M. MAYO, of legal age, married and with postal address at Lipa, Batangas, after having been duly sworn to in accordance with law, do hereby depost and say:

THAT I was the Division Commander of the 35th Infantry Division, President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas in the Province of Batangas (PQOG) which was attached during the liberation period to the 11th Airborne Division, USA;

THAT I was recognized with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel by the Commanding General of the AFWESPAC on January 1, 1945; processed and discharged on 11 December 1945, at the 4th Replacement Battalion, PA, in Camp Murphy, Rizal;

That I was fully aware of the existence of the Gen. Headquarters of the FIL-AMERICAN IRREGULAR TROOPS or FAIT, an active guerrilla organization thru out the entire province of Batangas under the overall command of the late COL. JORGE D. ESPINA, way back in 1943, my unit then being in close contact with the said GHQ;

THAT I am also aware that the members of this Headquarters have not as yet been recognized;

THAT I certify that this Headquarters is deserving of recognition for having contributed materially to the eventual defeat of the enemy;

THAT the said Unit carried on an organized resistance to the enemy continuously up to the liberation;

THAT after the death of the overall commander, Col. JORGE D. ESPINA, the members of the said Unit remained loyal and faithful thereof and continued to engage in resistance activities, to the exclusion of all other pursuits and occupation under Capt Loreto Abaya;

THAT during the liberation campaign, the said unit assisted the US Army Forces, particularly in and around the towns of Batangas, Ibaan and San Jose;

FURTHER affiant sayeth none.

[Sgd.] ESTEBAN M. MAYO
Lt Col, Inf
Div, Cmdr, 35th Inf. Division, PQOG

SUBSCRIBED and SWORN to before me this 12th day of April 1947, at Lipa, Batangas.

[Sgd.] JOSE M. MANGUIAT
Justice of the Peace
Lipa, Batangas

[p. 5]

REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
MUNICIPALITY OF TAYSAN
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS

A F F I D A V I T

I, ISIDRO G. SULIT, of legal age, married and with postal address at Taysan, Batangas, after having been duly sworn to in accordance with law, do hereby DEPOSE AND SAY:

THAT I was the CO of the 36th Inf Regt, 35th Inf Div, President Quezon’s Own Guerrillas (PQOG) which was attached during the period of liberation to the 1st Cavalry Div, USA, and duly recognized effective on 1 January 1945 by the PHILRYCOM (previously, AFWESPAC) as a composite unit of the 6th Bn, 2nd Regt, PQOG, of which I am the recognized CO with the rank of Lt. Col.;

THAT I was fully aware of the existence of the Gen. Headquarters of the FIL-AMERICAN IRREGULAR TROOPS or FAIT, an active guerrilla organization thru out the entire province of Batangas under the overall command of the late COL. JORGE D. ESPINA, way back in 1943, my unit then being in close contact with the said GEN. HDQS.;

THAT I am also aware that the members of this Headquarters have not as yet been recognized;

THAT I certify that this Headquarters is deserving of recognition for having contributed materially to the eventual defeat of the enemy;

THAT the said Unit carried on an organized resistance to the enemy continuously up to the liberation;

THAT after the death of the overall Commander, COL. JORGE D. ESPINA, the members of the said Unit remained loyal and faithful thereof and continued to engage in resistance activities, to the exclusion of all other pursuits and occupation under Capt. Loreto Abaya;

THAT during the liberation campaign, the same Unit assisted the US Army Forces, particularly in and around the towns of Batangas, Ibaan and San Jose.

FURTHER, affiant sayeth none.

[Sgd.] ISIDRO G. SULIT
Lt Col Inf
CO, 6th Bn, 2nd Regt, PQOG

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 11th day of April, 1947, at Taysan, Batangas.

[Sgd.] MONTANO T. VIRIL
Notary Public


Notes and references:
1 “GHQ, Batangas Force, FAIT,” File No. 110-3, downloaded from PVAO.

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