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December 29, 2017

Miscellaneous Documents Submitted by the Lipa Guerrilla Regiment to the US Army

The Lipa Guerrilla Regiment used to be known as the “Second Batangas Regiment” when it was affiliated with the Marking’s Guerrillas of Marcos Agustin. It was formed by a former USAFFE officer named Felino Paran. Upon Paran’s capture by the Japanese, command was assumed by Miguel Lina and became known as the “Lipa Guerrilla Unit.” The organization ultimately failed to collectively gain official recognition by the United States Army, but some of its members did get this coveted accolade. In this page1 are transcriptions of miscellaneous documents submitted by the Lipa Guerrilla Regiment or Unit to the United States Army as supporting documents to its application for recognition.

[p. 1]

SECRET

April 1, 1945

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:

This is to certify that Col. FELINO Z. PARAN had been assigned under this command, S-2 (11th AIRBORNE DIVISION) as the Chief Intelligence Operative covering the southern part of the Province of Batangas. Herewith, he is authorized, together with his men, to enter in all sectors free with all due protection accounted for him.

SIGNED:

HENRY MUELLER LT. COL.
Assistant Chief of Staff, S-2
11th AIRBORNE DIVISION

[p. 2]

Exh. 2

MARKING’S GUERRILLAS
ADVISED BY GENERAL W. W. FERTIG
LUZON, PHILIPPINES

JULY 1ST 1943

THESE GUERRILLA FORCES WILL RECOGNIZE AS

L I E U T E N A N T     C O L O N E L

FELINO Z. PARAN

COMMANDING THE SECOND BATANGAS REGIMENT OF

THESE FORCES

(SGD.) DAVID MANGKON
DAUD MANGKON-COLONEL
REG. COMMANDER

[p. 3]

Exh. 2-A

11TH AIRBORNE DIVISION
188TH PARA-GLIDER INFANTRY REGIMENT
COMPANY “B” – TAPARAN’S UNIT

28 March 1945

Dear Colonel Felino Paran:

This unit is on an inspection of every individual that is going out and coming into Ibaan to avoid any spy within the province.

So that the complication [can] be avoided, it is requested that you please issue at your earliest convenience the necessary identifications for all of your personnel so that we will have the means to recognize each one of them.

Thank you very much, your new friend.

(SGD.) VICENTE V. NAZARENO
VICENTE V. NAZARENO
Capt. Co. “B,” Taparan’s Unit
COMMANDING

[p. 4]

Exh. 2-B

H E A D Q U A R T E R S
511th PRCHT. INFANTRY

25 APRIL 1945

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:

This is to certify that the LIPA GUERRILLA Co. under Capt. Miguel Lina submitted [to] us intelligence reports about the concentration of the Japanese forces in Malarayat Mountain and assisted us in patrol duties. They helped us a great deal in our mopping operation against the Japanese soldiers.

Any help you can extend to this Unit will be highly appreciated by the undersigned.

(SGD.) A. M. GUIDINGS
Capt. A. M. GUIDINGS
S-2 HQ. CO. I
511th A/B 3rd Bn.

[p. 5]

THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
MUNICIPALITY OF MALVAR

OFFICE OF THE MAYOR

4 September 1945

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:

This is to certify that I have known Col. Felino Z. Paran for a considerable length of time, and that he was one of the early organizers of armed resistance against the Japanese invaders. He was arrested and imprisoned three times by the Japanese Military Police, and that his Guerrilla Regiment was instrumental in the successful evacuation and protection of civilians from this municipality.

[Sgd.] Dr. M. ENDAYA
Municipal Mayor

[p. 6]

THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
MUNICIPALITY OF ROSARIO

OFFICE OF THE MAYOR

September 2, 1945

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:

I, the undersigned, without any intimidation or any promise of reward from the LIPA GUERRILLA REGIMENT, do hereby state the following:

That I know the said guerrilla unit to have been organized and had been operating since the early part of the Japanese occupation period;

That I know that the said guerrilla unit operated for the sole purpose of the liberation of our country side by side with the United States of America, fighting clean and straight;

That the said unit was the only bulwark against Japanese oppression during Japanese massacre of civilians, the unit establishing a reservation where our people were brought, given protection, and those needy given food and medical attention. Civilians being evacuated from areas subject to enemy operations guarded by details from this regiment;

And that this guerrilla unit was instrumental in the liberation of areas in the Province of Batangas where it operated in direct conjunction with the United States Army forces, participating in mopping operations in Lipa, San Jose, and Rosario.

Very respectfully,

[Sgd.] JOZE ZUÑO
Municipal Mayor

[p. 7]

THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
MUNICIPALITY OF LIPA

OFFICE OF THE MAYOR

September 2, 1945

To Whom This May Concern:

This is to certify that I have known Col. Felino Paran for the last fifteen years and that he was among the early organizers of armed resistance against the Japanese invaders; and that his regiment was instrumental in the successful evacuation of thousands of [the] civilian population from this town to places of safety.

(Sgd.) DR. JOSE M. KATIGBAK
Acting Municipal Mayor

True copy/er

[p. 8]

LIPA GUERRILLA REGIMENT
L I P A ,      B A T A N G A S
ORGANIZED – 5 FEBRUARY 1943

TO WHOM THIS MAY CONCERN:

I, the undersigned, JOSE B. ZUÑO, Mayor of Rosario, Batangas, guerrilla leader of one company with the rank of Captain under Lt. Col. FELINO PARAN, do hereby state the following:

That on February 5, 1943, I organized a company of guerrillas in the town of Rosario, Batangas, with its main base in Maalasas, Rosario, Batangas, which unit was a part of [the] LIPA GUERRILLA REGIMENT under LT. COL. FELINO PARAN, as its commanding officer.

Attached herein are the activities of the unit.

[Sgd.] JOSE B. ZUÑO
MAYOR

[p. 9]

OFFICE OF THE PROCESSING TEAM
HQ. & HQ. CO., 4th REPL. BN.
CAMP MURPHY
APO 75

25 AUGUST 1945

ACTIVITIES IN THE GUERRILLA UNIT:

UNDERTAKINGS:

I. From February 1943 to February 1945, noting the Japanese movement in Tanawan, Sto. Tomas, Malvar, Lipa, Rosario, of Batangas province, and recruiting membership and contacting different guerrilla leaders.

(a) February 27, 1945, contacted Col. Quintin Gellidon & Major Schommer in Tagaytay City, C.O. overall guerrillas, 11th Airborne Div.

(1) Submitted reports about the conditions of the Japs in Tanawan, Sto. Tomas, & Lipa.

(2) To find out our respective assignments & sectors.

(b) March 1 to 15, 1945, assembled the men.

(c) March 15, 1945, attached to the 2nd Bn. under Lt. Robert of the 187th Inf Regt. of the 11th Airborne Division stationed in Balele, Tanawan, Batangas.

(d) March 20 to April 10, 1945, taken to Macolot Mt. of Batangas, for patrol operation where so many were killed.

(e) April 10 to 22, taken to Sapac Mt. Lipa, on patrol under Capt. Bowers and Lt. McDonald, Sgt. Jack Crause in charge.

(f) April 25 to May 1, stationed in Natatas for resting.

(g) May 1 to July 23, used by the municipal mayor of Tanawan, Batangas for policing and protecting the municipality from the Japanese stragglers.

[Sgd.] AVELINO T. TAPIA – SGT.
ASN. 112823

[p. 10]

OFFICE OF THE PROCESSING TEAM
HQ. & HQ. CO. 4th REPL. BN.
CAMP MURPHY
APO 75

25 August 1945

TO WHOM THIS MAY CONCERN:

I, the undersigned, AVELINO T. TAPIA, USAFFE, Capt. of the guerrillas, commanding officer of B Company, a unit of [the] LIPA GUERRILLA REGIMENT under LT. COL. FELINO PARAN, do hereby state the following:

That way back on 15 February 1943, I organized a company of guerrillas on the northeast shore of Taal Lake, Taal, Batangas, with its main base in the barrio of Boot, Tanawan, Batangas. The activities and undertakings of my unit are stated in the attached copy.

Due consideration is requested regarding this matter.

[Sgd.] AVELINO T. TAPIA – SGT.
ASN. 112823

[p. 11]

THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE PHILIPPINES
PROVINCE OF BATANGAS
MUNICIPALITY OF MATAASNAKAHOY

OFFICE OF THE MAYOR

15 August 1945

TO WHOM THIS MAY CONCERN:

This is to certify that I have known Lt. Col. Felino Z. Paran for so many years and that he was among the earliest to organize guerrilla armed resistance against the Japanese invaders in the province of Batangas; that he was arrested and held prisoner by the Japanese Military Police three times, and that his regiment was highly instrumental in the successful evacuation of so many thousands of [the] civilian population from this town to places of safety.

[Sgd.] SANTIAGO P. LUNA
Municipal Mayor



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Notes and references:

1 “Lipa Guerrilla Regiment Paran’s Unit,” File No. 23, online at PVAO.


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