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January 5, 2018

Action Report of the USS-LST 701 on the Nasugbu Bay Operation, January 1945

  Transcription of an action report on the 31 January 1945 assault landing at Nasugbu, Batangas from the USS-LST1 701. This is a declassified document2 taken from the United States National Archives.

[p. 1]

LST 701/A9
Serial: 02

U.S.S. LST 701
c/o FLEET POST OFFICE
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

CONFIDENTIAL                                                                                                                              4 February 1945

From: The Commanding Officer.
To: The Commander in Chief, U.S. Fleet.
Via:
(1) Commander Task Force, 78.2.5.
(2) Commander Task Group, 78.2.
(3) Commander Task Force, 78.
(4) Commander, SEVENTH Amphibious Force.
(5) Commander, SEVENTH Fleet.

Reference: (a) Article 874(6) U.S. Navy Regulations 1920.
(b) Commander SEVENTH Amphibious Force Conf. ltr
serial 0212 dated 17 February 1944.

Enclosure: (A) Executive Officer’s Report – U.S.S. LST 701.

1. The plan for this operation was for the landing of the 187th and 188th Para-Glider Infantry Division in the Nasugbu area in the Island of Luzon in the Philippine Islands. This command being one of the unit of six (6) LST’s and a part of a group consisting of LST’s, APD2, LSM’s3, and LCI’s4. These units and their equipment and bulk cargo of gasoline, ammunition, rations, and engineering stores were embarked near Tarraguna and the Maya River, Leyte Island, Philippine Islands on 26 January 1945 and 27 January 1945. The voyage from Leyte to Luzon was without any noteworthy incidents. During the whole operation, the sea was calm and the prevailing winds were from the North and the East.

2. This ship beached at 1857, 26 January 1945 for the purpose of loading units of the 187th and 188th Para-Glider Infantry Divisions and their equipment. At 2155, the landing was commenced, however, a dry ramp was not obtained and it was necessary to build a sand ramp for the loading of bulk cargo and motor vehicles and trailers.

(a) Passengers:

Officers – 2
th Para-Gli Inf. – 28
188th Para-Gli Inf. – 54
187th Para-Gli. Inf. – 53
127th Eng. Bn. – 2
11th Airborne Div. – 3

(b) Cargo:

2½ ton trucks – 18

-1-

[p. 2]

LST 701/A9                                                                                                                                             4  February 1945
Serial: 02

Subject: Action Report – Nasugbu Bay Operation
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1½ ton trucks – 2
1 ton trucks – 8
¼ ton trucks – 41
¼ ton trailers – 33

325 tons of Bulk cargo consisting of Ammunition, Gasoline, Rations and Engineering Supplies.
At 1800, 26 January 1945, Army personnel were embarked. The loading was completed at 0110, 27 January 1945 and the ship was finally retracted from the beach at 1307.

3. At 1633, 27 January 1945, we got underway for the assault area and proceeded without noteworthy incident to the assault beaches. The stern anchor was lost in beaching at 0959, 31 January 1945. We retracted and beached again and the unloading was commenced at 1536 by use of the LCVP’s6 because of it being impossible to obtain a dry ramp with the ship in its fully loaded condition. The load on the main deck consisting of “Jeeps” and trailers were unloaded in this manner. The ship was retracted from the beach at 2340, 31 January 1945, and another run was made on the beach. In this maneuver, we collided with LST 269 at 0016, 1 February 1945, our bow anchor gouging a 4 by 30 foot hole just above its second deck on her starboard side about amidships. Our damage consisted of losing our bow anchor and a connecting link, an 8 inch hole 4 feet above the second deck in the port bow door control room, a dent at frame 12 on the port side and the distortion of our number two boat davit. The unloading was again commenced at 0520 and completed at 1810. With the help of LCI’s acting as tugs, the ship was finally retracted from the beach at 2330 and got underway for the withdrawal from the assault area.

4. The ship was never under attack and no ammunition was expended.

5. It is recommended that ships of this type not be so heavily loaded when there is a known very gradual beach gradient and no pontoons available for unloading.

6. There were no casualties and the crew performed their duties in the prescribed manner.

R. S. GLESSNER

-2-

[p. 3]

Enclosure (A)

U.S.S. LCT 701
c/o FLEET POST OFFICE
SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA

MEMORANDUM                                                                                                                                    4 February 1945

From: The Executive Officer.
To: The Commanding Officer.

Subject: Report of Executive Officer.

Reference: (a) Article 948 U.S. Navy Regulations 1920.

1. The ship not having been under attack and the operation being more or less routine, I have nothing to report.



Respectfully submitted,

RICHARD F. CURRENCE

To view the original document, please refer to Item 2 below under Notes and References.



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Notes and references:
1 LCT stands for Landing Ship, Tank. Wikipedia.
2 USS LST-701 - Rep of ops in the assault landing at Nasugbu, Luzon Is, Philippines 1/31/45 - 2/1/45,” online at the United States National Archives.
3 An APD is a high-speed transport destroyer. “High-speed transport, Wikipedia.
4 LSM stands for “Landing Ship Medium,” Wikipedia.
5 LCI stands for “Landing Craft Infantry,” Wikipedia.
6LCVP” stands for Landing craft, vehicle, personnel. Wikipedia.


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